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Public Priority Setting : Rules and Costs - Peter B. Boorsma

Public Priority Setting

Rules and Costs

By: Peter B. Boorsma (Editor), Kees Aarts (Editor), Albert E. Steenge (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 30th November 1997
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At present we observe a decreasing role for the state in many areas where it used to be prominent. Amidst severe budgetary cuts, the state and its organs are confronted with ever louder calls for efficiency in public office (`value for money') and public performance. Simultaneously we see in many democratic welfare states the rise of new institutional forms and social organizations responding to new public priorities. Phenomena like privatization and de-regulation, new forms of regulation and self-regulation, and the rise of special issue groups are an expression of this.
This book seeks to provide order in some of today's issues and to offer analysis and explanation for selected topics. The book opens with contributions on the importance of concepts of present-day institutional economics interpreting modern governmental behavior and organization. Subsequent chapters deal with new developments in various fields such as environmental management and conservation, political legitimacy, or the new roles for covenants.
Audience: This volume will be of interest for scholars in the fields of public service, government studies and adjacent branches of economics, political science and law.

List of Authorsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Referencesp. 15
Acknowledgementsp. 17
Transaction Cost Economics and Public Administrationp. 19
Backgroundp. 19
The New Institutional Economicsp. 19
Transaction Cost Economicsp. 20
The Rational Spiritp. 21
Hard-headed Behavioral Assumptionsp. 22
Farsighted Contractualp. 23
Microanalyticsp. 24
From Property/Legal Centralism to Contract/Private Ordeningp. 25
Property/Contractp. 25
Legal Centralism/Private Ordeningp. 26
From Ideal to Actualp. 27
From Insurance Hazards to Contractual Hazardsp. 28
Applications to Public Administrationp. 30
Rational Spiritp. 31
Comparative Contractingp. 31
Remediablenessp. 32
Hazardsp. 32
Concluding Remarksp. 33
Referencesp. 34
Setting Priorities: The IMF and World Bank and Structural Adjustment Programmesp. 39
Introductionp. 39
Backgrounds, Contents and Outcomes of SAPsp. 40
Agency Theory and SAPsp. 43
The Political Economy of Policy Changep. 47
A Simple Political Economy Modelp. 47
Costs and Benefits of SAPsp. 49
Evaluation of Why SAPs Failedp. 53
How Can the BWIs React to the Implementation Problems of SAPs?p. 56
Referencesp. 59
The Effects of Firm- and Relations-specific Characteristics on Quality of Supplier Relationshipsp. 61
Introductionp. 61
Theoretical Perspectivesp. 63
Hypothesesp. 64
Firm-specific Characteristicsp. 65
Relation-specific Characteristicsp. 68
Data and Resultsp. 69
Datap. 69
Results: Factor Analysesp. 70
Regression Results for the US Automobile Industryp. 74
Discussionp. 77
Referencesp. 79
Data and Measurementsp. 81
Marshall and the Quest for a New Paradigmp. 85
Introductionp. 85
Varying the Datap. 87
Economics as a Unified Theoryp. 92
The New Paradigm Questp. 93
Restricting the Problemp. 96
Some Conclusionsp. 98
Referencesp. 100
Technology and Lifestyle as Central Concepts for Global Scenariosp. 103
Development and Environmentp. 103
Lifestyle and Technology as Organizing Conceptsp. 104
Models of Growth and Contractionp. 106
Technology, Natural Resource Accounting, and Material Balancesp. 107
Lifestyle, Social Accounting Matrices, and a New Household Classificationp. 110
Scenarios about Technology and Lifestylep. 114
Referencesp. 118
On Background Principles for Environmental Policy: "Polluter Pays", "User Pays" or "Victim Pays"?p. 121
Introductionp. 121
Pollution, Polluters and Economic Indecomposabilityp. 123
Direct Pollutionp. 127
An Array of Background Principlesp. 129
Interconnectionsp. 131
Background Principles Revisitedp. 133
Conclusion and Outlookp. 135
Referencesp. 136
Reconciling Economy with Ecology: Environmental Valuation from the Point of View of Sustainabilityp. 139
Introductionp. 139
Economy, Environment, and Valuation Practicesp. 140
Valuation Framed in Terms of (Strong) Sustainabilityp. 143
Biophysical Sustenance and Cultural Vitality: the Case of Forest Pocketsp. 146
Valuing Water Recources for Sustainability: Critical Natural Capitalp. 151
Concluding Remarksp. 158
Acknowledgementsp. 160
Referencesp. 160
Contingent Valuation, Sustainability and a Green National Incomep. 163
Introductionp. 163
Welfare and Greened National Incomep. 165
Contingent Valuation: a Monetary Estimator of Natural Capital?p. 166
Validity and Reliabilityp. 170
Reliabilityp. 171
Validityp. 171
CV Analysis and Validity and Reliabilityp. 172
Contingent Valuation, Sustainability and Green National Incomep. 174
Outlookp. 176
Referencesp. 177
The Effects of Policy Making on the Design of Economic Policy Instruments: Politics as Usualp. 181
Introductionp. 181
Policy Making: Politics, as Usualp. 183
The Design of Economic Instruments in Practicep. 185
Theory Development about the Choice of Economic Policy Instrumtentsp. 191
Conclusionp. 197
Referencesp. 197
Setting Priorities in Dutch Legislative Policyp. 201
Introductionp. 201
The Concept of Regulationp. 202
Regulation and Governancep. 202
Discussion and Definitionsp. 204
Regulation, Law and Legislationp. 206
Deficiencies of the Hierarchic Instrumental Approachp. 206
Responsive Law and Legislationp. 207
Legitimacy of Governmental Actionp. 209
Legitimacy as a Conceptp. 209
Basic Values, Principles and Standardsp. 209
Legitimacy and Legislative Prioritiesp. 210
The Legitimacy of Dutch Higher Education Quality Evaluation Regulationsp. 211
Regulation Strategiesp. 211
Formal and Informal Rules Regarding Quality Evaluationp. 212
Aspects of Legitimacyp. 213
Advantages and Shortcomingsp. 214
Conclusionsp. 215
Referencesp. 215
Do Local Authorities Opt for Covenants?p. 217
Introduction: Covenants between Government Regulation and Self Regulationp. 217
Covenants: Unknown but not Unlovedp. 217
A Contribution to Self Regulationp. 219
Covenants: for Local Authorities too?p. 220
Further Treatmentp. 221
Recommended: the Covenantp. 222
Definition of Termsp. 222
Agreementp. 222
"Whatever they are called"p. 223
Powers under Public Lawp. 224
Realisation of Government Policyp. 224
In Writingp. 224
Recommendations on Covenants: Something for Local Authorities?p. 225
Are Local Authorities Bound?p. 225
When do Local Authorities Choose the Covenant?p. 226
Recommendations on Contentp. 228
Procedural Directionsp. 230
An Illustration: Agreements on Gaming Machinesp. 231
Gaming Machine Covenants as an Examplep. 231
The Application of Gaming Machine Covenantsp. 231
Why no Administrative Rules?p. 234
Conclusion: on Added Valuep. 234
Referencesp. 237
Communicative Steering and Regulation: Shifting Actors, Objectives and Prioritiesp. 239
Introductionp. 239
Theoretical Possibilities and Limitations of Communicative Steeringp. 241
Possibilitiesp. 241
Limitations and Risksp. 243
The Video Covenant: Protection of Young People against Harmful Videosp. 246
Regulation or Self-regulation?p. 246
The Covenantsp. 247
Asessment of the Possibilities and Limitations of Communicative Steeringp. 249
Conclusionp. 253
Referencesp. 254
Political-Administrative Relations and Separation of Powersp. 257
Introduction: Scale and Legitimacy of Local Governmentp. 257
Problems of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 258
Internal Problems of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 259
External Problems of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 263
General Problems of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 264
Possible Solutions to the Observed Problemsp. 265
Develoments in the Present Constitutional Systemp. 265
Less Radical Changes of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 268
More Radical Changes of the Local Constitutional Systemp. 271
Conclusion: a 'fourth Power' in Government Setting Prioritiesp. 273
Referencesp. 273
Effects of Issue Priorities in the News on Voting Preferences; the 1994 Election Campaign in the Netherlandsp. 275
Introductionp. 275
The Political Context of the 1994 Elections in the Netherlandsp. 276
Issue News and its Expected Effects on Voting Preferencesp. 279
Data, Operationalization and Methodp. 287
Resultsp. 294
Discussionp. 304
Referencesp. 304
The Will of Politicians and the Unwillingness of the Peoplep. 307
Introductionp. 307
Differences of Opinion between Electors and the Electedp. 308
Evaluation of Differencesp. 308
Political Parties and Political Representationp. 309
The Explanation for Differences of Opinion between Electors and the Electedp. 312
The Function of Elections in the Netherlandsp. 314
Referendum and Participationp. 318
Referencesp. 321
Indexp. 323
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792348238
ISBN-10: 0792348230
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 338
Published: 30th November 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.15  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.7