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Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa : Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics - Michael Bratton

Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa

Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics


Published: 27th September 2004
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This book is a groundbreaking exploration of public opinion in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on the Afrobarometer, a comprehensive cross-national survey research project, it reveals what ordinary Africans think about democracy and market reform, subjects on which almost nothing is otherwise known. The authors find that support for democracy in Africa is wide but shallow and that Africans feel trapped between state and market. Beyond multiparty elections, people want clean and accountable government. They will accept economic structural adjustment only if it is accompanied by an effective state, the availability of jobs, and an equitable society. What are the origins of these attitudes? Far from being constrained by social structure and cultural values, Africans learn about reform on the basis of knowledge, reasoning, and experience. Weighing supply and demand for reform, the authors reach cautious conclusions about the varying prospects of African countries for attaining fully-fledged democracy and markets.0

'As the first comprehensive review of public opinion in sub-Saharan Africa, this book is essential reading for those interested in democracy and development - and will have a dramatic impact on the political economy of reform in Africa and elsewhere.' Foreign Affairs

A tale of two presidents
Taking account of adjustments
Setting an agenda
Overview of contents
Framework: Africa's Hybrid Regimes
A decade of political reforms, 1990-2001
Two decades of economic reforms, 1982-2001
Dual transitions: compartibilities and contradictions
Demand, supply, and regime consolidation
Deriving public opinion: studying public opinion in Africa
Competing theories, rival hypotheses
Towards a learning approach
Survey research in Africa
The afrobarometer: an appropriate method?
A quest for comparison
Popular Attitudes to Reform: Attitudes to Democracy
Understanding of democracy
Support for democracy
Rejection of alternative regimes
Satisfaction with democracy
Wide but shallow
The extent of democracy: attitudes to a market economy
The popular development agenda
Between state and market
Awareness of economic reforms
Support for economic reforms
Satisfaction with economic reforms
Economic patience?: economic and political behavior
Living standards
Securing economic livelihoods
Compliance and the law
Varieties of political participation
Defending democracy?
From attitudes to behavior
Competing Explanations: The Structure of Society
Demographic determinants
Varieties of sub-nationalism
The burden of poverty
Structural models: cultural values
Interpersonal trust
An emergent individualism
Cultural models; awareness of public affairs
The spark of education
Exposure to mass media
Cognitive engagement
Political and economic knowledge
The eye of the beholder
Cognitive models: performance evaluations
Evaluating the economy
The corruption of the state?
Assessing regime performance
Grading the government
A representation gap?
Performance models: institutional influences
Associational life
Party identification: political participation
Economic participation
Institutional models
Explaining Reform Constituencies: Modeling Attitudes to Reform
Modeling demand for democracy
Modeling the supply of democracy
Modeling demand for a market economy
Modeling the supply of economic reform
Paths to reform: a learning process: predicting political participation
Communing and contacting
Vote choice
Defending democracy
Political participation: cause or effect?: deciphering regime consolidation
The effects of 'country'
Demand, supply, and regime consolidation (revisited)
The consolidation of African political regimes
The correlates of consolidation
Economic versus political legacies
The study of Africa
Theories of social change
Strategies of development
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521841917
ISBN-10: 0521841917
Series: Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 488
Published: 27th September 2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.88