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Psychological Criminology : An Integrative Approach : 1st Edition - Richard Wortley

Psychological Criminology : An Integrative Approach

1st Edition

Paperback

Published: 12th April 2011
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Booktopia Comments

Griffith University - Mt Gravatt - School of Criminology and Criminal Justice 2000CCJ: Psychology of Crime

Product Description

This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually.

Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act.

Key features of the book include:

  • a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality,
  • an integrative approach,
  • accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology.

    Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.

  • Richard Wortley's book is scholarly and lucid, wide-ranging in content, and undogmatic in tone. Most of all, it is timely. The need to bring together in an accessible form crime and criminality-relevant developments across the biological and psychological sciences had become urgent. The need is satisfied by this book. -- Professor Ken Pease, Loughborough University Psychological Criminology should be essential reading for psychologists and all others who are interested in understanding the causes of offending. It is a very impressive, comprehensive and empirically-based review of psychological, biological, situational and other major explanations of crime. -- David P. Farrington, Professor of Psychological Criminology, University of Cambridge

    List of illustrationsp. x
    Acknowledgementsp. xii
    Introductionp. 1
    What is psychological criminology?p. 1
    Defining crime and criminalsp. 3
    Debates about the nature of crime and criminalityp. 7
    Psychological theories of crime and criminality: an integrated modelp. 15
    Human naturep. 20
    The principles of evolutionp. 20
    Evolution and behaviourp. 24
    Crime-focused evolutionary approachesp. 30
    Offender-focused evolutionary approachesp. 35
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 40
    Heredityp. 42
    A primer in behavioural geneticsp. 42
    Heritability of criminalityp. 49
    Variations in the heritability of criminalityp. 57
    Beyond behavioural genetics: molecular geneticsp. 61
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 62
    The brainp. 65
    Basic brain structures and functionsp. 65
    Psychophysiology and crimep. 73
    Biochemistry and crimep. 74
    Neuroanatomy and crimep. 77
    Neuro-environmental factors and crimep. 81
    Putting it together: neuropsychological theories of crimep. 85
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 88
    Personalityp. 90
    Trait approaches to personalityp. 90
    The single-trait approach and crimep. 96
    The super-trait approach: Eysenck's three-factor theory of crimep. 100
    Antisocial personality disorder (APD)p. 106
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 113
    Developmentp. 115
    The biological and environmental foundations of human developmentp. 115
    Developmental risk and protective factors for crimep. 121
    Psychosocial development and crimep. 126
    Criminal careersp. 132
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 137
    Learningp. 139
    The science of behaviourp. 139
    Classical conditioningp. 145
    Operant conditioningp. 151
    Social learningp. 155
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 160
    Cognitionp. 162
    The cognitive revolutionp. 162
    Social cognitive theoryp. 166
    Offender decision-makingp. 174
    Schemas and scriptsp. 180
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 184
    Situationsp. 185
    What is a situation?p. 186
    Social psychologyp. 191
    Environmental psychologyp. 195
    Opportunity theoriesp. 199
    The person-situation interaction (again)p. 205
    Conclusion and evaluationp. 206
    Conclusionp. 208
    The argument in a nutshellp. 208
    The strengths and limits of integrationp. 210
    Implications for practicep. 212
    Bibliographyp. 216
    Indexp. 261
    Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

    ISBN: 9781843928058
    ISBN-10: 1843928051
    Series: Crime Science
    Audience: Tertiary; University or College
    Format: Paperback
    Language: English
    Number Of Pages: 276
    Published: 12th April 2011
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
    Country of Publication: GB
    Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.7
    Weight (kg): 0.45
    Edition Number: 1