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Protecting Public Health and the Environment : Implementing The Precautionary Principle - Wes Jackson

Protecting Public Health and the Environment

Implementing The Precautionary Principle

By: Wes Jackson (Foreword by), Carolyn Raffensperger (Editor), Joel Tickner (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st June 1999
ISBN: 9781559636889
Number Of Pages: 411

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When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. This idea, known as the "Precautionary Principle," is seen by environmentalists and public health experts as the key to protecting ecological and human health.In January 1998, the Science and Environmmental Health Network convened an international group of scientists, researchers, environmentalists, academics, and labor representatives to discuss ways of incorporating the precautionary approach into environmental and public health decision-making. Known as the Wingspread Conference on Implementing the Precautionary Principle, the workshop focused on understanding the contexts under which the principle developed, its basis, and how it could be implemented. Protecting Public Health and the Environment is an outgrowth of that conference. The book: describes the history, specific content, and scientific and philosophical foundations of the principle of precautionary action explains the functions of the principle in activities as diverse as agriculture and manufacturing explains how to know when precautionary action is needed and who decides what action will (or will not) be taken attempts to show how the burden of proof of environmental harm can be shifted to proponents of a potentially hazardous activity provides specific structures and mechanisms for implementing the precautionary principl. Throughout, contributors focus on the difficult questions of implementation and fundamental change required to support a more precautionary approach to environmental and public health hazards. Among the contributors are David Ozonoff, Nicholas Ashford, Ted Schettler, Robert Costanza, Ken Geiser, and Anderw Jordan.Public health professionals and academics, policymakers, environmental lawyers, sustainable agriculture proponents, economists, and environmental activists will find the book an enlightening and thought-provoking guide to a new way of thinking about ecosystem and public health protection.

Preface: Establishing a General Duty of Precaution in Environmental Protection Policies in the United States
Introduction: To Foresee and to Forestallp. 1
The Precautionary Principle in Contemporary Environmental Policy and Politicsp. 15
The Precautionary Principle in Practice: A Mandate for Anticipatory Preventative Actionp. 36
The Precautionary Approach to Chemicals Management: A Swedish Perspectivep. 51
Asymmetric Information, the Precautionary Principle, and Burdens of Proofp. 74
The Precautionary Principle as a Screening Devicep. 100
Precautionary Sciencep. 106
The Political Economy of Precautionp. 123
Precaution and Respectp. 148
A Map Toward Precautionary Decision Makingp. 162
Applying the Precautionary Principle in Practice: Natural Heritage Conservation in Scotlandp. 187
A Conceptual Framework for the Use of the Precautionary Principle in Lawp. 198
Alternatives Assessment: Part of Operationalizing and Institutionalizing the Precautionary Principlep. 207
Environmental Bonds: Implementing the Precautionary Principle in Environmental Policyp. 220
The Precautionary Principle and Corporate Disclosurep. 241
Practicing the Principlep. 252
How Much Information Do We Need Before Exercising Precaution?p. 266
Can We Say "Yes" to Agriculture Using the Precautionary Principle: A Farmer's Perspectivep. 279
Precautionary Action Not Taken: Corporate Structure and the Case Study of Tetraethyl Lead in the United Statesp. 294
Manganese in Gasoline: A Case Study of the Need for Precautionary Actionp. 309
Cleaner Production and the Precautionary Principlep. 323
The Precautionary Principle: Application to Policies Regarding Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicalsp. 327
Lessons from Wingspreadp. 349
Uses of the Precautionary Principle in International Treaties and Agreements in U.S. Legislationp. 356
Afterword: Why the Precautionary Principle? A Meditation on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and the Breasts of Mothersp. 362
About the Contributorsp. 366
Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559636889
ISBN-10: 1559636882
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 411
Published: 1st June 1999
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.3  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.57