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Protagoras and Logos : A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric - Edward Schiappa

Protagoras and Logos

A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric

Paperback Published: 1st December 2003
ISBN: 9781570035210
Number Of Pages: 251

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Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century. In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.

Preface to the Second Editionp. x
Preface to the First Editionp. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Translations and Abbreviationsp. xv
Prolegomenon to the Study of Early Greek Rhetorical Theoryp. 1
Why a Study of Protagoras?p. 3
Defining "Sophist"p. 3
Protagoras' Significancep. 12
Interpreting Ancient Fragmentsp. 20
Problems Facing the Modern Interpreterp. 21
Literacy and Greek Philosophyp. 24
Four Hermeneutic Principlesp. 32
The "Invention" of Rhetoricp. 39
Did Plato Coin Rhetorike?p. 40
The "Invention" Myths Reconsideredp. 49
Sophistic Teaching Reconsideredp. 54
Toward an Understanding of Sophistic Theories of Rhetoricp. 64
Historical Reconstruction and Contemporary Appropriationp. 64
Poulakos' Sophistic Definition of Rhetoricp. 69
Toward Individualistic Studies of the Sophistsp. 77
Analysis of the Major Fragments of Protagorasp. 87
The Two-Logoi Fragmentp. 89
The Subjective and Heraclitean Interpretationsp. 90
The Advancement of Heraclitean Thoughtp. 95
Translation and Interpretationp. 98
The "Stronger and Weaker" Logoi Fragmentp. 103
The Pejorative Interpretationp. 104
The Positive Interpretationp. 107
The Evidence of Aristophanes' Cloudsp. 110
Protagoras' Influence on Plato and Aristotlep. 113
The "Human-Measure" Fragmentp. 117
Reconsidering the Standard Translationp. 118
The Fragment as a Response to Parmenidesp. 121
A Defense of Relativityp. 126
The "Impossible to Contradict" Fragmentp. 134
Competing Interpretations of Ouk Estin Antilegeinp. 134
Positive Contributions of Ouk Estin Antilegeinp. 138
The "Concerning the Gods" Fragmentp. 141
Agnosticism or Anthropology?p. 143
Two More Protagorean Fragmentsp. 149
Protagoras and Early Greek Philosophy and Rhetoricp. 155
Protagoras and Fifth-Century Educationp. 157
The Mythic-Poetic Traditionp. 157
Providing a Logos of Logosp. 162
Protagoras and Civic Aretep. 168
Protagoras, Logos, and the Polisp. 175
Protagoras and Periclean Democracyp. 176
Protagoras' Vision of the Polisp. 180
Protagoras "versus" Plato and Aristotlep. 190
The Refutation of Protagorasp. 190
Rejection or Assimilation?p. 193
Protagoras' Legacy to Rhetorical Theoryp. 197
Summary of Contributionsp. 198
Conclusionp. 200
Afterwordp. 205
Rhetorical Salience and Role of Theoryp. 206
Plato, Rhetorike, and the Sophistsp. 212
Chronology of Protagoras' Lifep. 217
Data from the TLG Search for [characters not reproducible]p. 219
Three Spurious Attributionsp. 226
Bibliographyp. 230
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781570035210
ISBN-10: 1570035210
Series: Studies in Rhetoric/Communication
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 251
Published: 1st December 2003
Publisher: University of South Carolina Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 2