5 by predations of the sea peoples. However, the weakening of Mycenean seapower, the destruction of the Hittite kingdom, and finally, the limitation on Philistine strength resulting from the alliance between David and the king of Tyre in the eleventh century, combined to open up "for the Phoenicians, in the first quarter of the first millennium B. C. E. vast overseas trading areas" (Oded 1979a, p. 228). By the end of the eleventh century, pottery from Cyprus, after a long absence could once again be found in Israelite-occupied sites (Albright 1960, p. 47). The expansion of the sea trade in the Mediterranean in which, judging by the song of Deborah (Judg. 5), the northern tribes of Asher and Dan (?) (see figure 1-2) would have parti- cipated, was accompanied by the inauguration of camel caravans trans- porting the goods of southern Arabia to and through Israel (see Bulliet 1975, especially p. 36). Military victories over the Philistines and Syrians, receipts of tribute, and the collection of tolls from the control of trade routes together with the general revival of trade all contributed to Israel's growing wealth.
Indeed, the David-Solomon period (most of the tenth century) is often portrayed as the peak of Israelite economic development. In fact there is precious little extra- biblical evidence supporting this portrayal. For example, in spite of the reported activity of David and Solomon's scribes, only one example of 6 "Hebrew" writing from this period, the Gezer Calendar, has been found.
1 Introduction: Prior to the Eighth Century B.C.E..- I The Israelite Economy in the Eighth and Seventh Centuries B.C.E..- 2 Specialized Production: Industry and Agriculture.- Pottery.- Woolen Textiles.- Wine.- Olive Oil.- Metalworking and Mining.- Residential Housing.- Agricultural Practices.- 3 Adaptations to Spreading Markets: Brands, Management, and Warehouses.- Jar-Handle Stamps, Brands, and Packaging.- Officer Seals and Hierarchic Firms.- The Samaria Ostraca and Warehouse Facilities.- 4 Transport: Routes, Costs, and Monopoly Power.- Highways.- Economic Importance of Land and Water Transport.- Israelite Expansion.- Judah Alone.- 5 The Economies of Israel's Neighbors.- 6 The Market for Factors of Production: Commercial Loans, Slavery, and Land Consolidation.- Commercial Loans.- Contractual Slavery.- Land Market.- 7 Living Standards: Consumer Durables.- Private Homes.- Possessions.- Dress.- 8 Living Standards: Diet.- Bread Consumption.- Meat Consumption.- Wine and Oil.- 9 Living Standards: Luxury Consumption.- Cultic Luxury Consumption.- Social Status: Genealogies and Mortuary Wealth.- Plastic Arts.- Performing Arts.- Gardens.- Large Families.- Education and Wisdom.- 10 Living Standards: Income Distribution.- II The Call for Social Justice: Priests, Prophets, Proverbs, and Psalms.- 11 The Prophets as Social Reformers.- 12 The Political Potency of the Prophets.- 13 Prophetic Symbols and Ambitions.- 14 The Joint Ministry of Priests and Prophets.- 15 Songs and Words of Social Justice.- III The Implementation of Social Reform.- 16 Three Cultural Revolutions.- The Program of Social Reform.- The Northern Origin of Deuteronomy.- The Assault on Ritual and Tradition.- 17 Cultic Reforms and Consequences.- 18 Socioeconomic Reforms and Consequences.- 19 Summary and Conclusions.- Appendix A: Markets and Entrepreneurs in the Ancient Near East.- Appendix B: Historical Evidence on the Relationship betweer Economic Growth and Land Consolidation.- References.
Series: Population and Community Biology Series
Number Of Pages: 306
Published: 31st December 1982
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 29.7 x 21.0
Weight (kg): 1.39