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Prophetic Figures in Late Second Temple Jewish Palestine : The Evidence from Josephus - Rebecca Gray

Prophetic Figures in Late Second Temple Jewish Palestine

The Evidence from Josephus

Hardcover Published: 1st June 1997
ISBN: 9780195076158
Number Of Pages: 256

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Based on a revised Oxford University doctoral dissertation, this work examines the evidence from Josephus for prophetic figures in Jewish Palestine in the late Second Temple period, approximately 150 BCE to 70CE. Recent years have seen renewed interest in the question of how Jesus of Nazareth should be classified in terms of religious or social "type." Was he a teacher, prophet, miracle-worker, magician, charismatic or militant revolutionary? Although there is no real consensus among New Testament scholars on this question, "prophet" is probably the leading contender. If this designation is to be meaningful, however, a clearer picture of first-century Jewish prophecy in general is essential. The present work is intended as a contribution towards a better understanding of Jewish prophecy around the time of Jesus. Josephus is without question our most important source of information about events in Palestine in this period. Although Josephus is often cited in works on early Jewish prophecy, however, there has until now been no separate study of this material. Gray here not only offers the first comprehensive examination of Josephus' writings on specific prophetic figures, but also analyses in detail his general views on prohecy and the prohetic claim he makes for himself.

Industry Reviews

"An impressive work which casts fresh light on many major and minor matters through applying a new and consistent perspective to a difficult area. It breaks much new ground, and does so in an agreeable style."--John Barton, Oriel College, Oxford "This is an excellent piece of work, very well controlled in overall design, and very well prepared in detail. It both takes into account other work in the field and makes an original contribution. The work will be of considerable interest for Christian and Jewish studies."--Fergus Millar, Brasenose College, Oxford "Significant and readable....The study should be consulted by all those persons interested in the variety of projects which fall somewhere under the rubric of social scientific investigations of the relevant time period."--IOUDAIOS Review "Thorough and clearly organized work, Gray has done a service to scholarship."--Journal of Theological Studies "It seems to me that Professor Gray had indeed brought a fresh approach to bear on the religious and political turmoil of the late Second Temple period; and that she has uncovered the need for further research into the attitude of popular circles towards the varieties of prophecy. On both counts this book is to be warmly welcomed."--Le'ela "An impressive work which casts fresh light on many major and minor matters through applying a new and consistent perspective to a difficult area. It breaks much new ground, and does so in an agreeable style."--John Barton, Oriel College, Oxford "This is an excellent piece of work, very well controlled in overall design, and very well prepared in detail. It both takes into account other work in the field and makes an original contribution. The work will be of considerable interest for Christian and Jewish studies."--Fergus Millar, Brasenose College, Oxford "Significant and readable....The study should be consulted by all those persons interested in the variety of projects which fall somewhere under the rubric of social scientific investigations of the relevant time period."--IOUDAIOS Review "Thorough and clearly organized work, Gray has done a service to scholarship."--Journal of Theological Studies "It seems to me that Professor Gray had indeed brought a fresh approach to bear on the religious and political turmoil of the late Second Temple period; and that she has uncovered the need for further research into the attitude of popular circles towards the varieties of prophecy. On both counts this book is to be warmly welcomed."--Le'ela "This book may be confidently recommended as forming the prolegomena to the New Testament view of what to expect from contemporary prophecy....This book opens up a relatively unknown field."--Expository Times "Gray has produced an insightful volume....A positive contribution...I would gladly recommend her work to anyone interested in prophecy in the Second Temple period."--Interpretation "The work is characterized by the thoroughness, clear focus and breadth of investigation that the reader would expect from such an origin."--Irish Theological Quarterly

A Note on Translationp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Introductionp. 3
Biographical Sketchp. 4
The Plan of the Present Workp. 4
Josephus and the Belief that Prophecy Had Ceasedp. 7
Evidence that Josephus Believed that Prophecy Had Ceasedp. 8
Against Apion 1.41: Prophecy and the Writing of Historyp. 8
Antiquities 3.218: John Hyrcanus and the End of Priestly Divinationp. 16
Josephus' Use of [characters not reproducible] and Related Termsp. 23
The Continuation of Prophecy After Its Supposed Cessationp. 26
Dreams and Prophetic Inspirationp. 27
Prophecy as Predictionp. 30
Conclusionp. 34
Josephus as Prophetp. 35
The Revelation at Jotapatap. 35
The Content of the Revelationp. 37
The Apologetic Purpose of the Narrativep. 41
Josephus' Defense of His Decision to Surrenderp. 44
The Revelatory Experience Described in War 3.351-54p. 52
Priestly Expertise in the Interpretation of Scripturep. 53
Revelatory Dreams and Visions and Their Interpretation in Josephusp. 58
The Mechanics of Interpretation in War 3.351-54p. 69
Typological Correspondences Between Josephus and the Ancient Prophetsp. 70
Jeremiahp. 72
Danielp. 74
Josephp. 77
Conclusionp. 78
The Essenesp. 80
The General Statement in War 2.159p. 83
The Study of "Sacred Books"p. 83
The Meaning of the Phrase "Various Purifications"p. 86
The Study of "Sayings of Prophets"p. 89
Conclusionp. 89
Josephus' Reports Concerning Individual Essene Prophetsp. 92
Judas (War 1.78-80; Antiquities 13.311-13)p. 92
Menahem (Antiquities 15.373-79)p. 95
Simon (War 2.112-13; Antiquities 17.345-48)p. 101
Josephus' Essene Prophets and Pesher Interpretation at Qumranp. 105
Josephus' Use of [characters not reproducible]-Terminology in Connection with the Essenesp. 107
Conclusionp. 110
The Sign Prophetsp. 112
Josephus' Reports Concerning the Sign Prophetsp. 114
Theudas (Antiquities 20.97-99)p. 114
The Egyptian (War 2.261-63; Antiquities 20.169-72)p. 116
Unnamed Figures Under Felix (War 2.258-60; Antiquities 20.167-68)p. 118
Unnamed Prophet of 70 C.E. (War 6.283-87)p. 120
Jonathan the Sicarius (War 7.437-50; Life 424-25)p. 121
Unnamed Figure Under Festus (Antiquities 20.188)p. 122
The Meaning of Josephus' Sign Terminologyp. 123
[characters not reproducible] as Omens or Portentsp. 123
[characters not reproducible] as Authenticating Miraclesp. 125
[characters not reproducible] Josephus' Accounts of the Sign Prophetsp. 131
Characteristic Features of the Sign Prophet as a Typep. 133
Conclusion: Josephus and the Sign Prophetsp. 143
Other Prophetic Figuresp. 145
Onias (Antiquities 14.22-24)p. 145
Prophetic Figures Among the Phariseesp. 148
Pollion and Samaias (Antiquities 14.172-76; 15.3-4, 370)p. 148
Pharisaic Intrigues in the Court of Herod the Great (Antiquities 17.41-45)p. 152
Jesus Son of Ananias (War 6.300-309)p. 158
Conclusionp. 164
Notesp. 168
Bibliographyp. 213
Index of Passagesp. 222
Author Indexp. 234
Subject Indexp. 236
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195076158
ISBN-10: 019507615X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 1st June 1997
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.08 x 15.44  x 2.26
Weight (kg): 0.54

Earn 431 Qantas Points
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