The general topic of this book is the development of a "realistic" model of meaning; it has to account for the ecological basis of meaning in perception, action, and interaction, and is realistic in the sense of "scientific realism", i.e. it is based on the most successful paradigm of modern science: dynamical systems theory.
In Part One a model of sentences is put forward. The first chapter outlines the philosophical background of a theory of meaning. Chapter 2 gives a very short summary of recent proposals for a semantic model which considers image-like schemata. In Chapter 3 a realistic model of valence and basic predication is developed in detail. Chapter 4 treats multistability in meaning and the application of chaos theory and dissipative structures in semantics. Chapter 5 outlines the global framework of a stratified universe of meanings, and Chapter 6 prepares the way for Part Two: the analysis of narrative texts. Oral narratives of personal experience are the prototypical form in which experienced events are organized with the aim of remaking a piece of reality. In Chapter 7 a discrete grammar based on vectorial schemata is developed. Chapters 8 and 9 elaborate the "syntax of narratives" in Chapter 7. Chapter 10 progress to conversational dynamics.
Part 1 The meaning of sentences: meaning and reality - concepts of meaning, meaning and imagination, meaning and the impact of dynamical systems theory for semantics, ecological realism and cognitive meaning, levels of analysis in a realistic semantics, the relevance of Einstein's relativity principles and quantum dynamics for a theory of meaning; a critical review of some proposals for a semantic using image- and process-schemata - Tamly's imaging systems and his "force dynamics", the image schemata proposed by George Lakoff, techniques of imaginistic representation by Langacker, spatial domains and matrices (proposals by Langacker and Talmy), a criticism of imaginistic representations in the style of Talmy, Lakoff and Langacker, the representation of motion verbs in situation semantics; process and image schemata in the lexicon and in basic syntax - order phenomena in the ecology of man, transitions between equilibrium phases and semantic schemata, the meaning of verbs, predication and basic syntax, syntactic constituency and stable dynamic schemata; multistability, chaos and dissipative structures in meaning - ambiguity and multistablility in linguistic meaning (in relation to perceptual multistability), chaotic dynamics in the syntax and semantics of nominal structures, dissipative processes and vagueness in meaning, collective images and cultural symbols - speculations about archetypes; global representational spaces - two basic principles, a short description of the principal domains, the impact of modality and propositional attitudes; between sentences and narrative texts - negation, conjunction and quantification, dynamic consequence and implication. Part 2 The meaning of oral narratives: narrative analysis and an imaginistic syntax of texts - how to account for the "reality patterns" on oral narratives, some notions from discrete dynamics, the basic vocabulary of imaginistic units, the basic syntax of imaginistic units, three types of narratives and their imaginistic structure, the imaginistic representation of negation, conjunction and anaphors; the semantic interpretation of imaginistic syntax - a semantic interpretation of the basic vector space, the semantic interpretation of the imaginistic units (1-20), the interpretation of syntactic principles in a semantic component; information based analysis of textual dynamics - language and the flow of information, the encoding of imaginistic information in an attribute-value notation, textual dynamics beyond imaginistic syntax; conversational dynamics and the pragmatics of narratives - conversational dynamics and the place of narratives in the conversational frame, the internal pragmatics of oral narratives.
Series: Pragmatics & Beyond New Series
Number Of Pages: 293
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Co
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2
Weight (kg): 0.48