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Probabilistic Linguistics : A Bradford Book - Rens Bod

Probabilistic Linguistics

A Bradford Book

By: Rens Bod (Editor), Jennifer Hay (Editor), Stefanie Jannedy (Editor)

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For the past forty years, linguistics has been dominated by the idea that language is categorical and linguistic competence discrete. It has become increasingly clear, however, that many levels of representation, from phonemes to sentence structure, show probabilistic properties, as does the language faculty. Probabilistic linguistics conceptualizes categories as distributions and views knowledge of language not as a minimal set of categorical constraints but as a set of gradient rules that may be characterized by a statistical distribution. Whereas categorical approaches focus on the endpoints of distributions of linguistic phenomena, probabilistic approaches focus on the gradient middle ground. Probabilistic linguistics integrates all the progress made by linguistics thus far with a probabilistic perspective.This book presents a comprehensive introduction to probabilistic approaches to linguistic inquiry. It covers the application of probabilistic techniques to phonology, morphology, semantics, syntax, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, historical linguistics, and sociolinguistics. It also includes a tutorial on elementary probability theory and probabilistic grammars.

"For over forty years, probabilistic research on language has been banished to the wilderness by categorial theories of linguistics. This book demonstrates decisively that the two approaches can not only live alongside one another in peace, but be of mutual benefit."--Mark Aronoff, Stony Brook University

Prefacep. vii
Contributorsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Introduction to Elementary Probability Theory and Formal Stochastic Language Theoryp. 11
Probabilistic Modeling in Psycholinguistics: Linguistic Comprehension and Productionp. 39
Probabilistic Sociolinguistics: Beyond Variable Rulesp. 97
Probability in Language Changep. 139
Probabilistic Phonology: Discrimination and Robustnessp. 177
Probabilistic Approaches to Morphologyp. 229
Probabilistic Syntaxp. 289
Probabilistic Approaches to Semanticsp. 343
Glossary of Probabilistic Termsp. 381
Referencesp. 389
Name Indexp. 437
Subject Indexp. 445
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262025362
ISBN-10: 0262025361
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 1st April 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.8
Weight (kg): 0.73

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