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Principles of Pulse Electron Paramagnetic Resonance - Arthur Schweiger

Principles of Pulse Electron Paramagnetic Resonance

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2001
ISBN: 9780198506348
Number Of Pages: 604

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This book explains the foundations of pulse EPR, a field of spectroscopy which has now come of age and has found widespread application in investigations of structure, dynamics, and function of biological systems and synthetic materials. For the first time a systematic overview of the whole field is given, including coverage of Fourier-transform EPR, relaxation measurements, electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM), pulse electron- nuclear double resonance (ENDOR), pulse electron-electron double resonance (ELDOR), transient nutation, and a number of advanced techniques. Researchers approaching the field will find here the basic theory as well as a description and critical evaluation of the existing methods needed for selecting the proper experiment, conducting it, and analysing the results. The experienced researcher active in the field should find this book a useful reference and a guide to adapting EPR pulse sequences to new problems.

... a magnificent book, which deserves special praise for having achieved a truly exemplary balance between theory and experimental approaches ... an important source for graduate students, postdocs, researchers and lecturers in physics, chemistry, biology, biochemistry, environmental sciences, materials science, spectroscopy, who want to acquire a solid knowledge of the foundations of pulse EPR that could initiate them into research with absolute confidence. Current Engineering Practice This book addresses both young and experienced scientists interested in this field of research ... For the first time a systematic overview of the whole field is given. Current Engineering Practice

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Symbolsp. xxi
Abbreviationsp. xxv
Introductionp. 1
Scope of pulse EPRp. 1
A short history of pulse EPRp. 2
Examples of applicationsp. 8
Classical Descriptionp. 16
The resonance phenomenonp. 16
The vector picture for pulse EPR experimentsp. 20
Relaxation and the Bloch equationsp. 22
Spin Hamiltonianp. 26
Static spin Hamiltonianp. 26
Oscillatory Hamiltonianp. 35
Inhomogeneity in spin systemsp. 39
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of spin Hamiltoniansp. 41
Model system for pulse EPR and ENDOR experimentsp. 58
Density Operators and Their Evolutionp. 67
Quantum mechanical description of the state of a spin systemp. 67
Quantum mechanical description of the time evolution of spin systemsp. 72
Initial state of the spin systemp. 89
Spectral Analysisp. 93
The signal in time-domain spectroscopyp. 93
Methods for signal analysisp. 106
Manipulation of Electron and Nuclear Spinsp. 121
Manipulating spin states and Hamiltoniansp. 121
Toolsp. 138
Building blocks for the generation, transfer and detection of polarization and coherencep. 151
Polarization transfer experimentsp. 152
Electron coherence transfer experimentsp. 158
Nuclear coherence transfer experimentsp. 162
Two-Level Dynamicsp. 175
Free induction decaysp. 175
Electron spin echoesp. 181
Transient signals under microwave irradiationp. 199
Physics of transient signal detectionp. 204
Relaxation and Related Phenomenap. 208
Relaxation processesp. 208
Basics of relaxation studiesp. 217
Measurement of longitudinal relaxation timesp. 223
Measurement of transverse relaxation timesp. 226
Measurement of rotating-frame relaxation timesp. 230
Nuclear spin relaxationp. 230
Fourier Transform EPRp. 233
Basics of Fourier transform EPRp. 233
Transient FT EPRp. 236
Two-dimensional FT EPRp. 239
Nuclear Modulation Effect I: Basic Experimentsp. 247
Two-pulse ESEEM and general ESEEM theoryp. 247
Three-pulse ESEEMp. 274
Hyscorep. 284
Nuclear Modulation Effect II: Advanced Methodsp. 296
Deadtime and blind-spot free ESEEM methodsp. 296
ESEEM experiments with improved sensitivityp. 305
Soft ESEEMp. 315
Nuclear coherence-transfer experiments in one dimensionp. 320
Nuclear coherence-transfer experiments in two dimensionsp. 327
Hole-burning experimentsp. 339
Extended-time excitation experimentsp. 344
Special two-dimensional experimentsp. 351
Pulse Endorp. 359
Basic principlesp. 359
ENDOR experiments based on polarization transfersp. 360
Coherence-transfer ENDORp. 384
Time-domain ENDORp. 390
Hyperfine-correlated ENDOR spectroscopyp. 397
Pulse Eldor and Related Experimentsp. 406
Two-frequency versus field-step ELDORp. 406
Polarization-transfer ELDORp. 407
Measurement of electron-electron couplingsp. 410
Transient Nutation Techniquesp. 426
Parameter extraction from nutation frequenciesp. 426
Experimental techniquesp. 431
Field-Swept EPR Experiments in One and Two Dimensionsp. 443
One-dimensional experimentsp. 443
Two-dimensional experimentsp. 452
Other Techniquesp. 469
EPR imaging and other spatially resolved techniquesp. 469
The linear electric field effectp. 474
Multiple photon resonance in pulse EPRp. 475
Self-induced transparencyp. 478
Dark resonance and electromagnetically induced transparencyp. 479
EPR with stochastic excitationp. 481
Alternative detection schemesp. 482
Multi-Frequency EPRp. 490
Choice of the optimum EPR frequencyp. 490
High-frequency EPRp. 495
Application Aspectsp. 501
EPR parameters and aspects of structure and dynamicsp. 501
Experimental strategies for obtaining EPR parametersp. 510
Sign Conventionsp. 518
Mathematicsp. 522
Experimental Aspectsp. 535
Referencesp. 542
Indexp. 573
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198506348
ISBN-10: 0198506341
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 604
Published: 1st October 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.8 x 17.4  x 3.7
Weight (kg): 1.26