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Principles of Paleoclimatology : The Critical Moments and Perspectives in Earth History and Paleobiology - Thomas M. Cronin

Principles of Paleoclimatology

The Critical Moments and Perspectives in Earth History and Paleobiology

Paperback

Published: 27th July 1999
For Ages: 22+ years old
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Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers -- understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species?

This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, "Principles of Paleoclimatology" describes the history of the Earth's climate -- the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation -- and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background -- including both history and methodology -- to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.

"My copy of "Principles of Paleoclimatology" is already very well-thumbed and dog-eared and my appreciation of its thorough synthesis only continues to grow." -- Jeannine-Marie St. Jacques, Queen's University, "Journal of Paleontology" "My copy of Principles of Paleoclimatology is already very well-thumbed and dog-eared and my appreciation of its thorough synthesis only continues to grow." -- Jeannine-Marie St. Jacques, Queen's University, Journal of Paleontology "My copy of "Principles of Paleoclimatology" is already very well-thumbed and dog-eared and my appreciation of its thorough synthesis only continues to grow." -- Jeannine-Marie St. Jacques, Queen's University, "Journal of Paleontology"

Prefacep. xi
Contemporary Issues in Climate Change: The Role of Paleoclimatologyp. 1
Models and Observationsp. 1
Paleoclimatology: The Time Dimensionp. 4
Early Thoughts and Contemporary Sourcesp. 7
A Brief Outline of This Bookp. 11
Principles of Paleoclimatologyp. 14
Introduction: A Multidisciplinary Approach in Paleoclimatologyp. 14
Defining the Principles of Paleoclimatologyp. 17
Causes of Climate Change: The Climate Systemp. 20
"Time Is of the Essence"p. 38
Strategies to Study Climate Historyp. 52
The Development of an Annual-Resolution Deglacial Chronologyp. 57
Proxies of Climatep. 61
The Evolution of Glacial-Age Climatologyp. 73
Vital Effects: Biological Aspects of Paleoclimatologyp. 79
Biological Principles in Paleoclimatologyp. 79
A Conceptual Framework of Biology and Climate Changep. 94
Scale in Paleoclimatologyp. 98
Real Biological Entities or Heuristic Constructs?p. 100
Biological Concepts in Paleoclimatologyp. 103
Summaryp. 128
Orbital Climate Changep. 130
The Jia-Yi Monumentp. 130
Early Development of Orbital Theoryp. 135
Support for Orbital Theory from Geochronologyp. 138
The Deep-Sea Record of Orbital Climate Changep. 139
Fundamental Tenets of Modern Orbital Theoryp. 141
Geologic and Biotic Evidence for Orbital Climate Changep. 149
Challenges to Orbital Theoryp. 185
Modeling Orbital Climate Changep. 189
Closing Commentsp. 192
Millennial-Scale Climate Changep. 194
Dryas octopetalap. 194
Early Evidence for Rapid Climate Changep. 197
Ice and Millennial-Scale Climate Changep. 199
The Younger Dryas and Other Rapid Climate Events During Deglaciationp. 202
Heinrich Events and Dansgaard-Oeschger Cycles: Millennial-Scale Climate Change During
Glacial Periodsp. 221
The Eemian: Climatic Variability During the Last Interglacial Periodp. 239
Summaryp. 251
Holocene Centennial and Decadal Climatic Variabilityp. 253
Polar Bears and Potatoes: Human History and Holocene Climatep. 253
Classical Holocene Climate Chronologyp. 259
Early and Middle Holocene Climatic Historyp. 265
Late Holocene Climate Historyp. 267
Forcing Mechanisms of Centennial and Decadal Holocene Climatep. 292
Concluding Remarksp. 300
Interannual Climate Change in the Tropics: ENSOp. 304
La Corriente del Ninop. 304
Interannual Paleoclimatologyp. 308
Aspects of the Modern El Nino--Southern Oscillationp. 310
Paleoclimate Records of Tropical Seasonal and Interannual Climatep. 320
Goddard Institute of Space Studies General Circulation Model of Isotopic Response to Interannual Climatep. 354
Sea-Level Changep. 357
By Land or by Sea?p. 357
Early Concepts of Sea-Level Changep. 362
Geological, Geochemical, Geophysical, and Biological Evidence for Sea-Level Changep. 364
Processes Affecting Sea-Level Changep. 367
Cenozoic Sea Level: Tectono-eustasy Versus Glacio-eustasyp. 381
Quaternary Sea-Level Historyp. 386
Historical Sea-Level Changep. 404
Summaryp. 408
Paleo-atmospheres: The Ice-Core Record of Climate Changep. 409
Atmospheric Change: Human and Natural Factorsp. 409
The Ice-Core Record of Paleo-atmospheres and Climate Changep. 412
"One Thousand Centuries": The Camp Century Climate Recordp. 414
Climate Proxies from Ice Coresp. 419
The Dating and Correlation of Ice Coresp. 432
Glacial-Interglacial Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Methanep. 441
Millennial-Scale Atmospheric Variability and Climatic Changep. 453
The "Flickering Switch" of Climatep. 463
Mechanisms of Climate Changep. 464
Referencesp. 469
Indexp. 547
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231109550
ISBN-10: 0231109555
Series: The Critical Moments and Perspectives in Earth History and Paleobiology
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 592
Published: 27th July 1999
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.78 x 15.37  x 3.25
Weight (kg): 0.76