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Principles of Law : A Normative Analysis - Michael D. Bayles

Principles of Law

A Normative Analysis

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1987
ISBN: 9789027724120
Number Of Pages: 398

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During the last half of the twentieth century, legal philosophy (or legal theory or jurisprudence) has grown significantly. It is no longer the do- main of a few isolated scholars in law and philosophy. Hundreds of scho- lars from diverse fields attend international meetings on the subject. In some universities, large lecture courses of five hundred students or more study it. The primary aim of the Law and Philosophy Library is to present some of the best original work on legal philosophy from both the Anglo- American and European traditions. Not only does it help make some of the best work available to an international audience, but it also en- courages increased awareness of, and interaction between, the two major traditions. The primary focus is on full-length scholarly monographs, aIthouogh some eidted volumes of original papers are also included. The Library editors are assisted by an Editorial Advisory Board of inter- nationally renowned scholars.

Industry Reviews

`For the important enterprise of ordering, sifting, and making the law understandable to the philosophically inclined student, Bayles' book is a major - indeed, encyclopedic - contribution. It represents a large amount of extremely competent work.'
Conrad D. Johnson, University of Maryland
`Principles of Law is one of the few books since Oliver Wendell Holmes' The Common Law to address philosophical issues at a level between the general conditions for any legal system and specific issues such as punishment or strict liability. It asks what normative principles a rational person in a contemporary common l aw society would want judges to use in deciding cases. Principles are then developed for procedural, property, contract, tort, and criminal law. The adversary model of adjudication is shown to place an important constraint on acceptable principles. ... Several features make this book a valuable supplement for law school and other students. Chapters have a similar structure, proceeding from aims to remedies. Seventeen to 20 principles are provided for each field, and well-known American and English cases are cited. Technical legal terms are explained when introduced. The discussion is both more theoretical and concise than in many supplements.

Analytical Table of Contents.- 1. Introduction: A Framework for Analysis.- 1.0. Introduction.- 1.1. A Normative Approach.- 1.2. Rational Persons.- 1.3. Values.- 1.4. Legal Principles.- 1.5. Elements of a Legal Case.- 2. Procedural Law.- 2.0. Introduction.- 2.1. Aims.- 2.1.0. Introduction.- 2.1.1. Economic costs.- 2.1.2. Moral costs.- 2.1.3. Process benefits.- 2.2. The Adversary System.- 2.3. Elements of Procedure.- 2.3.0. Introduction.- 2.3.1. Jurisdiction.- 2.3.2. Notice.- 2.3.3. Legal representation.- 2.3.4. Scope of cases.- 2.3.5. Discovery.- 2.3.6. Evidence.- 2.3.7. Proof.- 2.3.8. Jury trials.- 2.3.9. Stare decisis.- 2.3.10. Appeals.- 2.3.11. Repose.- 3. Property Law.- 3.0. Introduction.- 3.1. Aims.- 3.1.0. Introduction.- 3.1.1. Utility.- 3.1.2. Fairness.- 3.1.3. Freedom.- 3.2. Forms of Property.- 3.2.0. Introduction.- 3.2.1. Ownership.- 3.2.2. Real property and leases.- 3.2.3. Personal property.- 3.3. Rights and Limits.- 3.3.0. Introduction.- 3.3.1. To possess.- 3.3.2. To use and capital.- 3.3.3. Private limits.- 3.3.4. Public limits.- 3.3.5. Takings.- 3.4. Acquisition and Disposal.- 3.4.0. Introduction.- 3.4.1. Possession.- 3.4.2. Abandonment and gift.- 3.4.3. Deeds.- 3.4.4. Succession.- 4. Contract Law.- 4.0. Introduction.- 4.1. Aims.- 4.1.0. Introduction.- 4.1.1. Promise or agreement.- 4.1.2. Maximizing economic value.- 4.1.3. Reasonable expectations.- 4.1.4. Specific aims.- 4.2. Contract Formation.- 4.2.0. Introduction.- 4.2.1. Consideration.- 4.2.2. Past benefits.- 4.2.3. Reliance.- 4.2.4. Gratuitous commitments.- 4.2.5. Offer and acceptance.- 4.3. Duties, Defects, and Defenses.- 4.3.0. Introduction.- 4.3.1. Types of terms.- 4.3.2. Implied terms.- 4.3.3. Mistake.- 4.3.4. Incapacity.- 4.3.5. Written memoradum.- 4.3.6. Contrary to law.- 4.3.7. Duties independent of the contract.- 4.4. Discharge and Remedies.- 4.4.0. Introduction.- 4.4.1. Discharge.- 4.4.2. Rescission.- 4.4.3. Damages.- 4.4.4. Specific performance.- 5. Tort Law.- 5.0. Introduction.- 5.1. Aims.- 5.1.0. Introduction.- 5.1.1. Retribution.- 5.1.2. Deterrence.- 5.1.3. Compensation.- 5.2. Duties.- 5.2.0. Introduction.- 5.2.1. Intentional torts.- 5.2.2. Negligence standard.- 5.2.3. Scope of negligence.- 5.2.4. Interests protected from negligence.- 5.2.5. Vicarious liability.- 5.2.6. Abnormally dangerous activities.- 5.2.7. Products liability.- 5.3. Defenses.- 5.3.0. Introduction.- 5.3.1. Consent.- 5.3.2. Causation.- 5.3.3. Plaintiff's responsibility.- 5.3.4. Immunities and privileges.- 5.4. Remedies.- 5.4.0. Introduction.- 5.4.1. Damages.- 5.4.2. Injunctions.- 5.5. Beyond Tort Law.- 5.5.0. Introduction.- 5.5.1. Inadequacies.- 5.5.2. Alternatives.- 6. Criminal Law.- 6.0. Introduction.- 6.1. Aims.- 6.1.0. Introduction.- 6.1.1. Deterrence.- 6.1.2. Retribution.- 6.1.3. Reform and denunciation.- 6.2. Criminal Acts.- 6.2.0. Introduction.- 6.2.1. Voluntary conduct.- 6.2.2. Mental elements.- 6.2.3. Core offenses.- 6.2.4. Inchoate offenses and accessories.- 6.3. Defenses.- 6.3.0. Introduction.- 6.3.1. Mistake or ignorance.- 6.3.2. Mental abnormality.- 6.3.3. Intoxication.- 6.3.4. Lesser evils.- 6.3.5. Defense of persons.- 6.3.6. Defense of property.- 6.4. Punishment.- 6.4.0. Introduction.- 6.4.1. The concept.- 6.4.2. Amounts.- 6.4.3. Other issues.- 7. Values in the Law.- 7.0. Introduction.- 7.1. A Nontheory?.- 7.2. Freedom.- 7.3. Responsibility.- 7.4. Equality and Fairness.- 7.5. Social Good.- Appendix: Summary of Principles.- Works Cited.- Table of Cases.

ISBN: 9789027724120
ISBN-10: 9027724121
Series: Law and Philosophy Library
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 398
Published: 30th June 1987
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.77

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