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Preference, Belief, and Similarity : Selected Writings - Amos Tversky

Preference, Belief, and Similarity

Selected Writings

By: Amos Tversky, Eldar Shafir (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 21st November 2003
For Ages: 18+ years old
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Amos Tversky (1937-1996), a towering figure in cognitive and mathematical psychology, devoted his professional life to the study of similarity, judgment, and decision making. He had a unique ability to master the technicalities of normative ideals and then to intuit and demonstrate experimentally their systematic violation due to the vagaries and consequences of human information processing. He created new areas of study and helped transform disciplines as varied as economics, law, medicine, political science, philosophy, and statistics. This book collects forty of Tversky's articles, selected by him in collaboration with the editor during the last months of Tversky's life. It is divided into three sections: Similarity, Judgment, and Preferences. The Preferences section is subdivided into Probabilistic Models of Choice, Choice under Risk and Uncertainty, and Contingent Preferences. Included are several articles written with his frequent collaborator, Nobel Prize-winning economist Daniel Kahneman.

"Amos Tversky was one of the most important social scientists of the last century. This extraordinary collection demonstrates his range and brilliance, and in particular his genius for showing how and why human intuitions go wrong. Is there a 'hot hand' in basketball? Is arthritis pain related to the weather? Why do we exaggerate certain risks? Why are some conflicts so hard to resolve? Tversky's answers will surprise you. Indispensable reading, and full of implications, for everyone interested in social science." Cass R. Sunstein, Law School and Department of Political Science, University of Chicago "Amos Tversky may have shown that basketball players do not have 'hot hands,' but he proved the opposite for psychologists. Tversky always made his basket, and in the process changed psychology, and also economics, forever." George Akerlof, Koshland Professor of Economics, University of California, Berkeley, 2001 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences

Introduction and Biographyp. ix
Sourcesp. xv
Similarityp. 1
Editor's Introductory Remarksp. 3
Features of Similarityp. 7
Additive Similarity Treesp. 47
Studies of Similarityp. 75
Weighting Common and Distinctive Features in Perceptual and Conceptual Judgmentsp. 97
Nearest Neighbor Analysis of Psychological Spacesp. 129
On the Relation between Common and Distinctive Feature Modelsp. 171
Judgmentp. 187
Editor's Introductory Remarksp. 189
Belief in the Law of Small Numbersp. 193
Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biasesp. 203
Extensional vs. Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgmentp. 221
The Cold Facts about the "Hot Hand" in Basketballp. 257
Editor's Introductory Remarks to Chapter 11p. 267
The "Hot Hand": Statistical Reality or Cognitive Illusion?p. 269
The Weighing of Evidence and the Determinants of Confidencep. 275
On the Evaluation of Probability Judgments: Calibration, Resolution, and Monotonicityp. 301
Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probabilityp. 329
On the Belief That Arthritis Pain Is Related to the Weatherp. 377
Unpacking, Repacking, and Anchoring: Advances in Support Theoryp. 383
Preferencep. 403
Editor's Introductory Remarksp. 405
Probabilistic Models of Choicep. 411
On the Optimal Number of Alternatives at a Choice Pointp. 413
Substitutability and Similarity in Binary Choicesp. 419
The Intransitivity of Preferencesp. 433
Elimination by Aspects: A Theory of Choicep. 463
Preference Treesp. 493
Choice under Risk and Uncertaintyp. 547
Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Riskp. 549
On the Elicitation of Preferences for Alternative Therapiesp. 583
Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisionsp. 593
Contrasting Rational and Psychological Analyses of Political Choicep. 621
Preference and Belief: Ambiguity and Competence in Choice under Uncertaintyp. 645
Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertaintyp. 673
Thinking through Uncertainty: Nonconsequential Reasoning and Choicep. 703
Conflict Resolution: A Cognitive Perspectivep. 729
Weighing Risk and Uncertaintyp. 747
Ambiguity Aversion and Comparative Ignorancep. 777
A Belief-Based Account of Decision under Uncertaintyp. 795
Contingent Preferencesp. 823
Self-Deception and the Voter's Illusionp. 825
Contingent Weighting in Judgment and Choicep. 845
Anomalies: Preference Reversalsp. 875
Discrepancy between Medical Decisions for Individual Patients and for Groupsp. 887
Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Modelp. 895
Endowment and Contrast in Judgments of Well-Beingp. 917
Reason-Based Choicep. 937
Context-Dependence in Legal Decision Makingp. 963
Amos Tversky's Complete Bibliographyp. 995
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262700931
ISBN-10: 026270093X
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: 21st November 2003
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 5.3
Weight (kg): 1.77