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Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policy - Joel Tickner

Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policy

By: Joel Tickner (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st December 2002
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The "precautionary principle"—the idea that society should guard against potentially harmful activities even if some cause and effect relationships have not been fully established—has often been attacked for being unscientific. However leading scientists studying the issue have begun to make the case that the precautionary principle is in fact science based, and that it creates a need for more rigorous and transparent science in examining complex and uncertain environmental risks.Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policy is the first book to explore the role of science in developing a more precautionary approach to environmental and public health policy. The book brings together leading scientists, legal experts, philosophers, environmental health professionals, and environmentalists to offer a multi-disciplinary perspective on the controversial debate over science and precaution. The book:discusses the critical need for science in promoting sustainabilityoutlines the ethical imperative of a more precautionary science and the philosophical foundations of that new approachconsiders some of the ways in which the current conduct of environmental science works against precautionary policiesexamines how the role and use of science differs across cultures and political systemsprovides the components of an approach to environmental science that more effectively supports precautionary decisionsThe book also offers case studies that consider various types of uncertainty and sets forth a framework for evaluating and addressing uncertainty in decision-making.Contributors include Juan Almendares, Katherine Barrett, Kamaljit Bawa, Finn Bro-Rasmussen, Donald Brown, Theofanis Christoforou, Terry Collins, Barry Commoner, Carl Cranor, Stephen Dovers, David Gee, Elizabeth Guillette, Cato ten Hallers-Tjabbes, James Huff, Matthias Kaiser, Richard Levins, Mary O'Brien, Carolyn Raffensperger, Jerry Ravetz, Vandana Shiva, Boyce Thorne-Miller, Joe Thornton, Reginald Victor, and Alistair Woodward.Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policy presents a broad overview of the role of science in implementing the precautionary principle and makes a compelling case that science should be used not just to study problems but to develop solutions.

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
Scientists' Perspectives on Precaution, Science, and Policyp. 1
The Role of Environmental Science in Precautionary Decision Makingp. 3
Elements of the Precautionary Principlep. 21
A Cautionary Talep. 29
Precaution, Ethics, and the Philosophy of Sciencep. 37
Ethics, Science, and Precaution: A View from Norwayp. 39
Science, Human Rights, and the Precautionary Principle in Hondurasp. 55
The Implications of Uncertainty on Science and Public Policy: Case Studies from the Fieldp. 65
Fisheries and the Precautionary Principlep. 69
Risk, Uncertainties, and Precautions in Chemical Legislationp. 87
Chemicals Policy and the Precautionary Principle: The Case of Endocrine Disruptionp. 103
Uncertainty and Global Climate Change: The Case of Mosquitoes and Mosquito-Borne Diseasep. 127
The Precautionary Principle as a Guide to Environmental Impact Analysis: Lessons Learned from Global Warmingp. 141
Certainty Claimed: Science and Politics in Canadian GMO Regulationsp. 157
Uncertainty and Biodiversity Conservationp. 175
Science in Governance and Governance of Sciencep. 193
Late Lessons from Early Warnings: Improving Science and Governance Under Uncertainty and Ignorancep. 195
Biodiversity Conservation in Developing Countries: Managing Uncertainty in Strategies and Action Plans to Support Precautionary Actionp. 215
A Living Legacy: The Precautionary Ideal in American Lawp. 227
The Precautionary Principle in European Community Law and Sciencep. 241
Science for Solutions: A New Paradigmp. 263
Precautionary Assessment: A Framework for Integrating Science, Uncertainty, and Preventive Public Policyp. 265
Science in the Service of Good: The Precautionary Principle and Positive Goalsp. 279
Toward Sustainable Chemistryp. 297
Science to Support Precautionary Decision Makingp. 303
What Could Precautionary Science Be? Research for Early Warnings and a Better Futurep. 305
The Children of the Yaqui Valley: Precautionary Science and Communitiesp. 321
Science Communication and Precautionary Policy: A Marine Case Studyp. 333
Whose Scientific Method? Scientific Methods for a Complex Worldp. 355
Conclusions and Afterwordp. 369
Conclusion: Precaution, Environmental Science, and Preventive Public Policyp. 371
Afterword: Scientists and the Real Worldp. 377
Lowell Statement on Science and the Precautionary Principlep. 381
About the Authorsp. 385
Indexp. 391
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559633314
ISBN-10: 155963331X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 1st December 2002
Publisher: Island Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.3  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Number: 2