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Poverty and Social Exclusion in India : Equity and Development - The World Bank

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Equity and Development

Paperback Published: 12th April 2011
ISBN: 9780821386903
Number Of Pages: 173

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Despite India's record of rapid economic growth and poverty reduction over recent decades, rising inequality in the country has been a subject of concern among policy makers, academics, and activists alike.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India focuses on social exclusion, which has its roots in India's historical divisions along lines of caste, tribe, and the excluded sex, that is, women. These inequalities are more structural in nature and have kept entire groups trapped, unable to take advantage of opportunities that economic growth offers. Culturally rooted systems perpetuate inequality, and, rather than a culture of poverty that afflicts disadvantaged groups, it is, in fact, these inequality traps that prevent these groups from breaking out. Combining rigorous quantitative research with a discussion of these underlying processes, this book finds that exclusion can be explained by inequality in opportunities, inequality in access to markets, and inequality in voice and agency.

This report will be of interest to policy makers, development practitioners, social scientists, and academics working to foster equality in India.

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Overviewp. 1
Organization of the Reportp. 6
Main Findingsp. 8
Common Themesp. 31
Notesp. 32
Referencesp. 33
Adivasisp. 37
Poverty and the Gap between Adivasis and Non-Adivasisp. 40
The Survival Disadvantage: Mortality among Adivasi Childrenp. 47
Other Processes Related to Higher Mortality among Adivasi Childrenp. 56
Land and Natural Resources: A Central Role in Explaining Tribal Deprivationp. 64
Adivasi Deprivation Is Tied Up with the Limited Voice of Adivasisp. 72
Notesp. 74
Referencesp. 77
Dalitsp. 83
Educational Expansion for All: Yet More for Some than for Othersp. 86
How Does the Labor Market Behave toward Dalits?p. 89
Social Networks: Does It Boil Down to Whom You Know?p. 109
Voice and Agency Have Accompanied Economic Changep. 112
Conclusionp. 117
Annexp. 119
Notesp. 121
Referencesp. 121
Womenp. 127
The Survival Disadvantagep. 128
Markets and Assets: Some Progress, but Continuing Disadvantagep. 149
Voice and Visibility in Public Spacesp. 160
Conclusionp. 167
Notesp. 168
Referencesp. 168
Boxes
Roma in Europe: A Large Ethnic Minority Excluded at High Costp. 4
Melghat: Years of Reporting Malnutritionp. 48
Mistrust Is a Barrier to Adivasi Access to Health Servicesp. 62
Distress Migration among Adivasisp. 68
Intergenerational Mobility Is Visible, but Restricted among Dalitsp. 104
State Support and Entrepreneurial Spirit Can Change Outcomesp. 108
Conditional Cash Transfers to Improve Survival and Development Outcomes among Women and Girlsp. 141
Kudumbashree: Innovation for Resultsp. 160
Legislation Can Have Unintended Consequences, Both Good and Not So Goodp. 163
The Challenge of Giving Excluded Groups Space in Political Decision Making in Latin Americap. 164
What Do You Want to Do? Who Do You Want to Be? What Is Stopping You? The Aspirations of Young Girls in a South Delhi Slump. 166
Figures
Rural Adivasi Children: Lower Risk of Dying at Birth, but Greater Risk by Age 5p. 12
More ST Children Are Severely Stunted and Wasted within the First 10 Months of Birth, 2005-06p. 14
Change in Postprimary Education, by Caste and Gender, 1983-2005p. 17
A Small Labor Market Transition among Dalit Men: Out of Casual Labor into Self-Employmentp. 19
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821386903
ISBN-10: 0821386905
Series: Equity and Development
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 173
Published: 12th April 2011
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.61 x 15.24  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.32

Earn 140 Qantas Points
on this Book