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Poverty and Charity in the Jewish Community of Medieval Egypt : Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World - Mark R. Cohen

Poverty and Charity in the Jewish Community of Medieval Egypt

Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World

Hardcover Published: 11th September 2005
ISBN: 9780691092720
Number Of Pages: 312
For Ages: 22+ years old

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What was it like to be poor in the Middle Ages? In the past, the answer to this question came only from institutions and individuals who gave relief to the less fortunate. This book, by one of the top scholars in the field, is the first comprehensive book to study poverty in a premodern Jewish community--from the viewpoint of both the poor and those who provided for them.

Mark Cohen mines the richest body of documents available on the matter: the papers of the Cairo Geniza. These documents, located in the Geniza, a hidden chamber for discarded papers situated in a medieval synagogue in Old Cairo, were preserved largely unharmed for more than nine centuries due to an ancient custom in Judaism that prohibited the destruction of pages of sacred writing. Based on these papers, the book provides abundant testimony about how one large and important medieval Jewish community dealt with the constant presence of poverty in its midst.

Building on S. D. Goitein's "Mediterranean Society" and inspired also by research on poverty and charity in medieval and early modern Europe, it provides a clear window onto the daily lives of the poor. It also illuminates private charity, a subject that has long been elusive to the medieval historian. In addition, Cohen's work functions as a detailed case study of an important phenomenon in human history. Cohen concludes that the relatively narrow gap between the poor and rich, and the precariousness of wealth in general, combined to make charity "one of the major agglutinates of Jewish associational life" during the medieval period.

Industry Reviews

Mark R. Cohen, Winner of the 2010 Goldziher Prize, The Center for the Study of Jewish-Christian-Muslim Relations at Merrimack College Runner-Up for the 2005 National Jewish Book Award in History, Jewish Book Council "This book will undoubtedly be required reading for anyone interested in the study of poverty and charity, both in medieval Islam and in the Jewish tradition. Because its source material is so exceptionally rich, it can be argued that it is also an important contribution to the understanding of non-European premodern charitable institutions. The lucid presentation of the material, especially the translated documents in the companion volume, make this work very useful for undergraduate and graduate students."--Yossef Rapoport, International Journal of Middle East Studies

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Notep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
A Taxonomy of the Poorp. 33
The Foreign Poorp. 72
Captives, Refugees, and Proselytesp. 109
Debt and the Poll Taxp. 130
Women and Povertyp. 139
"Naked and Starving," the Sick and Disabledp. 156
Beggars or Petitioners?p. 174
Charityp. 189
Conclusion: Poverty and Charity, Continuity and Acculturationp. 243
Bibliographyp. 253
Index of Geniza Textsp. 271
General Indexp. 278
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691092720
ISBN-10: 0691092729
Series: Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 11th September 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 0.49