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Postwar History Education in Japan and the Germanys : Guilty lessons - Julian Dierkes

Postwar History Education in Japan and the Germanys

Guilty lessons

Paperback Published: 11th April 2011
ISBN: 9780415667234
Number Of Pages: 224

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How did East and West Germany and Japan reconstitute national identity after World War II? Did all three experience parallel reactions to national trauma and reconstruction?

History education shaped how these nations reconceived their national identities. Because the content of history education was controlled by different actors, history education materials framed national identity in very different ways. In Japan, where the curriculum was controlled by bureaucrats bent on maintaining their purported neutrality, materials focused on the empirical building blocks of history (who? where? what?) at the expense of discussions of historical responsibility. In East Germany, where party cadres controlled the curriculum, students were taught that World War II was a capitalist aberration. In (West) Germany, where teachers controlled the curriculum, students were taught the lessons of shame and then regeneration after historians turned away from grand national narratives.

This book shows that constructions of national identity are not easily malleable on the basis of moral and political concerns only, but that they are subject to institutional constraints and opportunities. In an age when post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation has become a major focus of international policies, the analysis offers important implications for the parallel revision of portrayals of national history and the institutional reconstruction of policy-making regimes.

1. The Determinants of Portrayals of the Nation in History Education 2. The Re-Nationalization of History in East German Education 3. Rationalizing Portrayals of the Nation in (West) German History Education 4. Japanese Bureaucrats and Empiricist Textbook Historiography 5. Portrayals of the Nation in Japanese and German History Education Explained

ISBN: 9780415667234
ISBN-10: 0415667232
Series: Routledge Contemporary Japan Series
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 11th April 2011
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 14.61 x 22.23  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.34
Edition Number: 1

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