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Popular Sufism in Eastern Europe : Sufi Brotherhoods and the Dialogue with Christianity and 'Heterodoxy' - H. T. Norris

Popular Sufism in Eastern Europe

Sufi Brotherhoods and the Dialogue with Christianity and 'Heterodoxy'

Hardcover

Published: 3rd October 2006
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"Popular Sufism of Eastern Europe "examines aspects of popular Sufism among selected societies in Eastern Europe, past and present. Muslims - whether they are descended from Asian invaders (Cumans, Turks and Tatars), or are converted Slavs (Bonjaks and Pomaks) or Illyrians (Albanians) - have left a deep mark on the popular culture of Eastern Europe. They too have been influenced by Christianity and by pre-Christian religions. Many have sustained contact with fellow believers in the Muslim heartland of the Middle East, especially through the annual Meccan pilgrimage. Sufi life in Eastern Europe derives its strength from a number of sources including the Volga, the Southern steppes of Russia and the Balkan countries, where Islam is either the prevailing religion (as in Albania or Kosovo), or is of major significance (as in Bulgaria, Macedonia and Bosnia). Sufism, at every level and in every form amongst these Muslim peoples, is discussed.

Prefacep. x
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
The geographical setting of Popular Sufism in Eastern Europep. 6
Sufi brotherhoods and the impact of Sufism on national identity within the Balkan Muslim communitiesp. 10
Traveller's talesp. 13
The Qalandersp. 16
The Krstjani and the Bosnjaks: Sufi orders and the abiding memory of the Bosnian Churchp. 19
Sufi brotherhoods and Bosnjak resistancep. 20
Bosnian Sufism and the revival of the fortunes of the 'Bosnian Church': The 'Holy Grail' of Bosnjak identityp. 23
Islamic Antinomianism, 'heterodoxy' and Persian Monism in the literature and the thought of the Albanians: The Sufi inspirations of Naim Frasheri, Albania's greatest poetp. 31
The importance of the movement of Fadlallah al-Hurufi, the Hurufiyyap. 31
Essential teachings of Hurufismp. 32
Wahdat al-Wujudp. 36
The influence of Nesimip. 37
Major Bektashi and Hurufi works by Naim Frasherip. 38
Bektashi and Hurufi poets amongst the Albanians during the lifetimes of, and after, Naim Frasheri and his contemporariesp. 40
Popular Sufism in Bulgaria and Macedonia - Demir Baba Akyazili, the Kizilbash saints of Deli Orman and the neo-Malamiyya of Muhammad Nur al-'Arabip. 42
The movement of Badr al-Din of Samavna and the neo-Malamiyya movement of Muhammad Nur al-Din al-'Arabi in Macedonia and in Kosovop. 48
'The heterodox hero', the mythical Sari Saltik and his many tombs in Albanian and in Tatar landsp. 54
Saltuq the Turkp. 58
Exploits of Sari Saltik elsewhere in Eastern Europep. 62
The popular expression of the dhikr amongst the Sufi communities of Eastern Europep. 67
A dhikr in the Sinaniyya tekke in Sarajevo, in 1890, as described by J. de Asbothp. 69
A Rifa'iyya dhikr amongst the Albaniansp. 71
With Albanian Dervishesp. 71
The Bektashiyya brotherhood, its village communities, and inter-religious tensions along the border between Albania and Greek Epirus, at the beginning of the twentieth centuryp. 78
Turk, Greek and Bektashi Albanian and the crisis of national identity at the beginning of the twentieth centuryp. 88
The Albanian Bektashiyya in the face of the choice between peaceful dialogue or military struggle to defend a people's national identity and existencep. 90
A future role for Balkan Sufism and the revival of Popular Sufism among the Tatars of the Crimean peninsulap. 92
Sufism in the Crimean peninsulap. 94
Early Sufism in the Crimea and in the adjacent Caucasus plains and mountainsp. 95
Sufism in the age of the Crimean Khanatep. 97
Sufi scholars and Shaykhs in the Ottoman Crimeap. 98
The revival of the past heritage of Sufism in the Crimeap. 100
The Crimean Tatar legend of Mamai and the dervishp. 102
Conclusionp. 106
p. 113
p. 117
Glossaryp. 122
Notesp. 129
Select bibliographyp. 149
Indexp. 152
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415297554
ISBN-10: 0415297559
Series: Routledge Sufi
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 155
Published: 3rd October 2006
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.18 x 15.95  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 1