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Poor Discipline : Parole and the Social Control of the Underclass, 1890-1990 - Professor Jonathan Simon

Poor Discipline

Parole and the Social Control of the Underclass, 1890-1990

Paperback Published: 1st September 1993
ISBN: 9780226758572
Number Of Pages: 296

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This powerful book reveals how modern strategies of punishment--and, by all accounts, their failure--relate to political and economic transformations in society at large. Jonathan Simon uses the practice of parole in California as a window to the changing historical understanding of what a corrections system does and how it works. Because California is representative of policies and practices on a national level, Simon explicitly presents his findings within a national framework.
When parole first emerged as a corrections strategy in the nineteenth century, work was supposed to keep ex-prisoners out of trouble. This strategy foundered in the changing economy after World War II. What followed was a rehabilitative strategy, where the clinical expertise of the parole agent replaced the discipline of the industrial labor market in defining and controlling criminal deviance. Today, Simon argues, as drastic changes in the economy have virtually locked out an entire class, rehabilitation has given way to mere management. The effect is isolation of the offender, either in jail or in an underclass community; the result is an escalating cycle of imprisonment, destabilization, and insecurity.
No significant improvement in the current penal crisis can be expected until we better understand the relationship between punishment and social order, a relationship which this book explores in theoretical, historical, and practical detail.

Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Crisis of Penological Modernism
Parole as Normalization
Surety of "Good Behavior": An Early Modern Model of Community Corrections
Disciplinary Parole
Clinical Parole
From Normalization to Management
The Legal and Political Environment of Contemporary Parole
Parole and the Hardening of Urban Poverty, 1970-1990
New Technologies of Control, 1970-1990
Management and Governability
Parole and Return to Imprisonment
Penal Postmodernism: Power without Narrative Conclusion: Dangerous Classes, Laboring Classes, Underclasses
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226758572
ISBN-10: 0226758575
Series: Studies in Crime & Justice
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 1st September 1993
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.1 x 15.6  x 1.65
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 2

Earn 104 Qantas Points
on this Book