This volume of newly commissioned essays examines current theoretical and computational work on polysemy, the term used in semantic analysis to describe words with more than one meaning. Such words present few difficulties in everyday language, but pose central problems for linguists and lexicographers, especially for those involved in lexical semantics and in computational modelling. The contributors to this book -- leading researchers in theoretical and
computational linguistics -- consider the implications of these problems for linguistic theory and how they may be addressed by computational means. The theoretical essays in the book examine polysemy as an aspect of a broader theory of word meaning. Three theoretical approaches are
presented: the Classical (or Aristotelian), the Prototypical, and the Relational. Their authors describe the nature of polysemy, the criteria for detecting it, and its manifestations across languages. They examine the issues arising from the regularity of polysemy and the theoretical principles proposed to account for the interaction of lexical meaning with the semantics and syntax of the context in which it occurs. Finally they consider the formal representations of meaning in the lexicon, and
their implications for dictionary construction. The computational essays are concerned with the challenge of polysemy to automatic sense disambiguation -- how the intended meaning for a word occurrence can be identified. The approaches presented include the exploitation of
lexical information in machine-readable dictionaries, machine learning based on patterns of word co-occurrence, and hybrid approaches that combine the two.As a whole the volume shows how on the one hand theoretical work provides the motivation and may suggest the basis for computational algorithms, while on the other computational results may validate, or reveal problems in, the principles set forth by theories.
`"It should therefore hold an important place on the shelves of any researcher in the fields of lexical semantics and word sense disambiguation, and will certainly be valued by many of our graduate students".'
Jean Veronis, Computational Linguistics, Vol 28, No 1
`Review from previous edition Highly useful for those who are working in the area of polysemy and word sense disambiguation.'
1: Yael Ravin and Claudia Leacock: Polysemy: An overview
2: D. Alan Cruse: Aspects of the Micro-Structure of Word Meanings
3: Christiane Fellbaum: Autotroponomy
4: James Pustejovsky: Lexical Shadowing and Argument Closure
5: Charles J. Fillmore and B. T. S. Atkins: Describing Polysemy: The case of 'Crawl'
6: David Dowty: 'The Garden Swarms with Bees' and the Fallacy of 'Argument Alternation'
7: Cliff Goddard: Polysemy: A problem of definition
8: George A. Miller and Claudia Leacock: Lexical Representations for Sentence Processing
9: Mark Stevenson and Yorick Wilks: Large Vocabulary Word Sense Disambiguation
10: William Dolan, Lucy Vanderwende, and Stephen Richardson: Polysemy in a Broad-Coverage Natural Language Processing System
11: Hinrich Schütze: Disambiguation and Connectionism
Series: Theoretical and Computational Approaches
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 1st December 2001
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24
Weight (kg): 0.35