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Polymer Interface and Adhesion - Wu

Polymer Interface and Adhesion

By: Wu

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Polymer Interface and Adhesion provides the critical basis for further advancement in this field. Combining the principles of interfacial science, rheology, stress analysis, and fracture mechanics, the book teaches a new approach to the analysis of long standing problems such as: how is the interface formed; what are its physical and mechanical properties; and how does the interface modify the stress field and fracture strength of the material. The book offers many outstanding features, including extensive listings of pertinent references, exhaustive tabulations of the interfacial properties of polymers, critical reviews of the many conflicting theories, and complete discussions of coupling agents, adhesion promotion, and surface modifications. Emphasis is placed on physical concepts and mechanisms, using clear, understandable mathematics. Polymer Interface and Adhesion promotes a more thorough understanding of the physical, mechanical, and adhesive properties of multiphase, polymer systems. Polymer scientists and engineers, surface chemists, materials scientists, rheologists, as well as chemical and mechanical engineers interested in the research, development or industrial applications of polymers, plastics, fibers, coatings, adhesives, and composites need this important new sourcebook. Book jacket.

." . .well written, extensively referenced, and provides a unified and very valuable overview of surface, interfacial, and adhesion phenomena in polymers for both graduate students and researchers of polymer and engineering science." ---Textile Research Journal ." . .should be on the shelves of all polymer science libraries as it looks set to become a standard text." ---Chemistry in Australia ." . .provide [s] an excellent foundation for every engineer concerned with the topics of adhesion and adhesives. "---Chemical Engineering

Preface
Acknowledgments
Interfacial Thermodynamicsp. 1
Formulation of Interfacial Thermodynamicsp. 1
Work of Adhesion and Work of Cohesionp. 4
Interfacial and Hydrostatic Equilibriump. 5
Effect of Curvature on Vapor Pressure and Surface Tensionp. 7
Spreading Pressure and Spreading Coefficientp. 8
Contact Angle Equilibrium: Young Equationp. 11
Contact Angle Hysteresisp. 15
Referencesp. 26
Molecular Interpretationsp. 29
Microscopic Theories of van der Waals Forcesp. 30
Additivity and Fractional Contributions of Various types of Molecular Forcesp. 40
Approximations for Unlike Moleculesp. 42
Lennard-Jones Potential Energy Functionp. 44
Attraction Between Macroscopic Bodiesp. 47
Macroscopic Theory of van der Waals Forces: The Lifshitz Theoryp. 54
Referencesp. 62
Interfacial and Surface Tensions of Polymer Melts and Liquidsp. 67
Surface Tensions of Polymer Melts and Liquidsp. 67
Interfacial Tensions Between Polymersp. 96
Referencesp. 129
Contact Angles of Liquids on Solid Polymersp. 133
Equilibrium Spreading Pressurep. 133
Spreading Coefficientp. 139
Effect of Temperature on Contact Anglep. 139
Effect of Primary and Secondary Transitionsp. 147
Contact Angle and Heat of Wettingp. 148
Polarity of Liquidsp. 148
Prediction of Contact Anglesp. 152
Effect of Solute Adsorption on Contact Anglep. 152
Tabulation of Equilibrium Contact Anglep. 157
Distortion of Liquid Surfaces: Marangoni Effectp. 161
Spreading of Partially Submerged Dropsp. 164
Referencesp. 165
Surface Tension and Polarity of Solid Polymersp. 169
Determination of Surface Tension and Polarityp. 169
Surface Tension and Polarity of Organic Pigmentsp. 198
Constitutive Effect on Surface Tensionp. 201
Morphological Effect on Surface Tensionp. 201
Effects of Additives, Polymer Blends, Copolymers, Conformation, and Tacticity on Surface Tensionp. 209
Referencesp. 211
Wetting of High-Energy Surfacesp. 215
Introductionp. 215
Spreading on High-Energy Surfacesp. 219
Effect of Water and Organic Contaminationsp. 222
Kinetics of Surface-Energy Variationp. 229
Referencesp. 231
Dynamic Contact Angles and Wetting Kineticsp. 235
Introductionp. 235
Kinetics of Spontaneous Motionp. 236
Kinetics of Forced Motionp. 247
Referencesp. 254
Experimental Methods for Contact Angles and Interfacial Tensionsp. 257
Measurements of Contact Anglesp. 257
Measurements of Interfacial and Surface Tensions of Polymer Liquids and Meltsp. 266
Referencesp. 274
Modifications of Polymer Surfaces: Mechanisms of Wettability and Bondability Improvementsp. 279
Chemical Treatmentsp. 280
Flame and Thermal Treatmentsp. 296
Plasma Treatmentsp. 298
Photochemical Treatmentsp. 322
Crystalline Modifications of Polymer Surfacesp. 323
Miscellaneous Modificationsp. 327
Referencesp. 328
Adhesion: Basic Concept and Locus of Failurep. 337
Definitionsp. 337
Basic Concept of Adhesive Bond Strengthp. 338
Locus of Failurep. 344
Referencesp. 354
Formation of Adhesive Bondp. 359
Elementary Processes in Adhesive Bond Formationp. 359
Wetting and Adhesionp. 360
Diffusion and Adhesionp. 380
Chemical Adhesionp. 406
Mechanical Adhesionp. 434
References
Weak Boundary Layersp. 449
Weak-Boundary-Layer Theoryp. 449
Examples of Weak Boundary Layersp. 450
Critique of Weak-Boundary-Layer Theoryp. 456
Referencesp. 460
Effect of Internal Stress on Bond Strengthp. 465
Shrinkage of a Coating Adhering to a Substratep. 467
Free Thickness Contraction in a Butt Jointp. 470
No Thickness Contraction in a Sandwich Structurep. 472
No Thickness Contraction in a Long, Narrow Adhesive Layer in an Annulusp. 472
Referencesp. 473
Fracture of Adhesive Bondp. 475
Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanicsp. 475
Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanicsp. 476
Local Plastic Flowp. 484
Generalization of Flaw Theory to Viscoelastic Materials: Rivlin and Thomas Theoryp. 486
Properties of Fracture Energyp. 488
Analysis and Testing of Adhesive Bondsp. 497
Tensile Tests (Butt Joints)p. 497
Shear Tests (Lap Joints)p. 510
Peel Tests (Peel Joints)p. 530
Cantilever Beam Testsp. 555
Other Fracture Energy Testsp. 560
Referencesp. 563
Creep, Fatigue, and Environmental Effectsp. 571
Creep and Fatigue of Adhesive Jointsp. 571
Creep Fracturep. 572
Fatigue Fracturep. 579
Environmental Effectsp. 586
Spontaneous Separationp. 589
Effect of Interfacial Chemical Bondsp. 593
Stress Corrosion Cracking and Fatigue in Wet Environmentp. 603
Referencesp. 609
Calculation of Surface Tension and Its Nonpolar and Polar Components from Contact Angles by the Harmonic-Mean and the Geometric-Mean Methodsp. 613
Unit Conversion Tablesp. 619
Indexp. 621
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780824715335
ISBN-10: 0824715330
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 630
Published: 31st March 1982
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.02
Edition Number: 1