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Politics and the Sciences of Culture in Germany, 1840-1920 - Woodruff D. Smith

Politics and the Sciences of Culture in Germany, 1840-1920

Hardcover Published: 20th June 1991
ISBN: 9780195065367
Number Of Pages: 320

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Examining the ways in which politics and ideology stimulate and shape changes in human science, this book focuses on the cultural sciences in nineteenth and early twentieth-century Germany. The book argues that many of the most important theoretical directions in German cultural science had their origins in a process by which a general pattern of social scientific thinking, one that was closely connected to political liberalism and dominant in Germany (and elsewhere) before the mid-nineteenth century, fragmented in the face of the political troubles of German liberalism after that time. Some liberal social scientists who wanted to repair both liberalism and the liberal theoretical pattern, and others who wanted to replace them with something more conservative, turned to the concept of culture as the focus of their intellectual endeavors. Later generations of intellectuals repeated the process, motivated in large part by the experiences of liberalism as a political movement in the German Empire. Within this framework, the book discusses the formation of diffusionism in German anthropology, Friedrich Ratzel's theory of Lebensraum, folk psychology, historical economics, and cultural history. It also relates these developments to German imperialism, the rise of radical nationalism, and the upheaval in German social science at the turn of the century.

Industry Reviews

"What a timely topic!...This is a richly researched guide to little-known byways of German anthropology."--American Historical Review "This is a pioneering study. Smith has produced a wealth of material and introduced a number of figures who have remained neglected in the historical literature both here and in Germany. The book reflects the careful scholarship that one expects of Woodruff Smith, and it is clearly presented."--Roger Chickering, University of Oregon "Readers interested in the effect of politics on scholarship and scholarship on politics will find this book informative and instructive."--The Historian "Smith's treatment, encyclopedically comprehensive and encompassing a very large cast of characters, reflects scholarship of a high order....This is a richly textured book....A useful book to have on one's shelf."--History: Reviews of New Books "An original and significant contribution to German intellectual history."--Central European History "This carefully researched and eminently readable book is an important contribution to German historiography."--German Studies Review "A thoroughly competent appraisal in its own terms of an interesting intellectual tradition, and a useful primer for those who wish to explore more deeply."--Nineteenth-Century Contexts

Introductionp. 3
The Liberal Theoretical Pattern in Nineteenth-Century German Social Sciencep. 13
Liberals and Social Scientistsp. 14
Liberal Ideology and Social Scientific Theoryp. 18
The Crisis of Liberalism and the Emergence of Cultural Science, 1848-1862p. 35
The Revolution of 1848p. 36
W. H. Riehl: Cultural Science as a Rejection of Liberalismp. 40
Carl Theodor Andree: Journalism, Geography, and Politicsp. 45
Theodor Waitz: Education, Psychology, and Culturep. 46
Rudolf Virchow: Medical Science and Liberal Cultural Sciencep. 51
The Contexts of Cultural Sciencep. 56
The Intellectual Contextp. 56
The Structural Contextp. 71
The Socioeconomic Contextp. 78
The Crisis of Liberalism and the Emergence of Cultural Science, 1862-1885p. 86
Darwinismp. 91
Nationalism and Imperialismp. 94
The Critique of Economic Modernityp. 97
Berlin Ethnology as Neoliberal Cultural Sciencep. 100
The Formation of the Berlin Anthropological Establishmentp. 100
Neoliberal Anthropologyp. 102
The Heirs of Neoliberalismp. 111
Volkerpsychologiep. 115
Adolf Bastian: Volkerpsychologie as Neoliberal Cultural Sciencep. 116
Wilhelm Wundt: Volkerpsychologie as Experimental Psychologyp. 120
Bauer, Volk, and Kultur: The Peasant as the Foundation of Culturep. 129
Liberalism, Social Science, and the Image of the Peasantp. 130
Agrarianism and Cultural Sciencep. 133
The Diffusionist Revoltp. 140
Ratzel's Diffusionismp. 140
Ratzel's Successorsp. 154
Exploration, Imperialism, and Anthropologyp. 162
Anthropology and Explorationp. 163
Cultural Science and Colonial Administrationp. 168
Missionary Anthropologyp. 171
Historical Economics and Cultural Historyp. 174
Historical Economicsp. 174
Cultural Historyp. 183
Intellectual Politics and Cultural Science in the Wilhelmian Erap. 193
Varieties of Intellectual Politicsp. 194
The Leipzig Circle and the Politics of Unified Cultural Sciencep. 204
Lebensraum--Theory and Politics in Human Geographyp. 219
The Concept of Lebensraump. 222
The Diffusion of Lebensraump. 229
Cultural Science and Politicsp. 234
Notesp. 241
Bibliographyp. 279
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195065367
ISBN-10: 0195065360
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 20th June 1991
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.44 x 16.51  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.66

Earn 296 Qantas Points
on this Book