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Political Construction Sites : Nation Building In Russia And The Post-soviet States - Professor Pal Kolsto

Political Construction Sites

Nation Building In Russia And The Post-soviet States

Paperback Published: 7th April 2000
ISBN: 9780813337524
Number Of Pages: 323

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The dissolution of the Soviet Union has provided scholars with tremendously rich material for the study of comparative nation building. Not since the decolonization of Africa in the 1960s have so many new states been established in one stroke in one region. The post-Soviet states, moreover, have all the necessary prerequisites for fruitful comparison: a number of similarities, but also significant differences in terms of size, culture, and recent history. State leaders in all of the new states are making strenuous efforts to imbue their population with a sense of unity and common nationhood. The citizens, they believe, ought to adhere to some common values and common allegiance towards the same state institutions and symbols. Often but not always this means that all inhabitants should also share the same culture. Strategies to foster this kind of common nationhood in a population are usually referred to as 'nation building'. After a decade of post-Soviet nation building certain patterns are emerging, and not always the most obvious ones. Some states seem to manage well against high odds, while others appear to be disintegrating or sinking slowly into oblivion. To a remarkable degree the former Soviet republics have chosen different models for their nation building. This book examines the preconditions for these endeavors, the goals the state leaders are aiming at, and the means they employ to reach them.

Tables and Mapsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Nation-Building Versus Ethnic Consolidationp. 5
Topics and Casesp. 8
Nation-Building and Social Integration Theoryp. 16
Nation-Building Theoryp. 16
Social Integration Theoryp. 19
Applicability to Non-Western Societiesp. 23
Nations and Nation-Building in Eastern Europep. 24
Applicability to Post-Communist Realitiesp. 26
Discovering the Centuries-Old State Traditionp. 30
The Balticsp. 31
Ukrainep. 34
Belarusp. 39
Moldovap. 42
Kazakhstanp. 46
Nation, State, and Religionp. 53
Russiap. 57
Orthodox Territorial Churches and Phyletismp. 60
The Orthodox Church in the Balticsp. 62
Orthodox National Churchesp. 64
Islam and Nation-Building in Central Asiap. 72
Orthodoxy Versus Islamp. 79
Integration or Alienation? Russians in the Former Soviet Republicsp. 81
Not One Diaspora, but Fourteenp. 83
Russia's Policy on the Diaspora Issuep. 90
Reactions and Demands of the Russian Minoritiesp. 94
The New Russian Diaspora--an Identity of Its Own?p. 99
Nation-Building in Two Bicultural States: Latvia and Kazakhstanp. 105
Latviap. 106
Kazakhstanp. 121
Two Romanias, Two Moldovasp. 138
Turnabout in Moldovan Nation-Buildingp. 144
Moldovan Nation-Building and the Non-Moldovansp. 146
Belarus: The Dog That Didn't Barkp. 152
Perestroika and Belarusian Nationalismp. 155
The White Knight Stumbles, Then Fallsp. 157
Who Killed the Belarusian National Movement? Three Explanatory Modelsp. 163
Ukraine: Building a Nation on Marginal Differencesp. 168
Ukrainian Regionalism and Nation-Buildingp. 168
Ukrainian Independence Policyp. 177
Nation-Building After Independencep. 180
Ukrainian Ethnonationalism and Ethnic Consolidationp. 184
From Kravchuk to Kuchma: Political Nation-Building and Back Again?p. 186
Russian-Speaking Ukrainians: Squeeze or Pivot?p. 190
Russia: The Old Center Versus the New--Versus the Peripheryp. 194
What Is Russia?p. 195
Perestroika, or Political One-upmanshipp. 198
From Soviet Union to Russiap. 200
A Confused Giantp. 202
Visions, Scenarios, and Modelsp. 204
Unitary State and Ethnic Federationp. 213
Quo Vadis, Russia?p. 225
Comparisons and Conclusionsp. 228
The Soviet Legacy: The Importance of Being Territoriap. 229
Nation-Building, Cultural Diversity, and Democracy: Some Modelsp. 233
Symbolic Nation-Building, with Mixed Resultsp. 243
Will the Nationalizing States Ever Become Nation-States?p. 249
Notesp. 257
Selected Bibliographyp. 293
Indexp. 299
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813337524
ISBN-10: 0813337526
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 323
Published: 7th April 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.85
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 1

Earn 243 Qantas Points
on this Book