These Proceedings report the scientific results of the Summer Study on Plural Rationality and Interactive Decision Processes orga- nized jointly by the System and Decision Sciences Program of the Inter- national Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (located in Laxenburg, Austria) and the Hungarian Committee for Applied Systems Analysis. The Study, which was held in Sopron over the period 16-26 Augus*t 1984, had a very special character. Sixty-eight researchers from sixteen coun- tr~es participated, most of them contributing papers or experiments. In addition many members of IIASA's Young Scientists Summer Program were present. All of these participants were heavily involved in dis- cussions; discussions that were not limited to the allotted time but extended well into the evenings and nights. By design, the Study gathered specialists from many disciplines, from philosophy and cultur- al anthropology, through decision theory, game theory and economics, to engineering and applied mathematics. A further element of diversity was the representation of several varieties of culture, from typically Western countries, through Middle and Eastern Europe, to the Far East.
The approach to plural rationality through soft systems methodology.- Beyond the politics of interest.- The plural rationality and interest of national planners: experiences in Hungary.- Beyond rationality.- The culture of decision making.- Different dissolutions of the man-and-world problem.- Rationality and equivalent redescriptions.- Back from prospect theory to utility theory.- Negotiation and mediation in conflicts. II. Plural rationality and interactive decision processes.- On the structure, stabilization and accuracy of the decision process.- Uses of experimental games.- Plausible outcomes for games in strategic form.- Game and bargaining solutions for group decision problems.- Interactive group decision making by coalitions.- On the role of dynamics and information in international negotiations: the case of fishery management.- Macromodels and multiobjective decision making.- On the components in interactive multiobjective programming methods.- An integrated programming package for multiple-criteria decision analysis.- A trajectory-oriented extension of DIDASS and its applications.- Decision support based on the skeleton method - the HG package.- A principle for solving qualitative multiple-criteria problems.- A decision support system for planning and controlling agricultural production with a decentralized management structure.- On the determination of the optimal temperature for the growth of an early cucumber crop in a greenhouse.- DISCRET - a package for multicriteria optimization and decision problems with discrete alternatives.- Application of DIDASS methodology to a flood control problem - numerical Experiments.- An experimental session with the HG package.- An interactive method for decision support in a two-person game with an example from regional planning.- Two empirical tests with approaches to multiple-criteria decision making.- Index of keywords.
Series: Lecture Notes in Economic and Mathematical Systems
Number Of Pages: 363
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 24.41 x 16.99
Weight (kg): 0.59