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Plastics : Materials and Processing - A.Brent Strong

Plastics

Materials and Processing

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This book is designed to introduce plastics to a wide range of readers who need to either gain, improve, or refresh their knowledge of plastic materials and manufacturing. It fully discusses both materials and manufacturing processes in a carefully-constructed and logical presentation. While providing a fundamental overview of a broad spectrum of topics, the author touches upon polymeric materials (molecular viewpoint); micro structures in polymers; mechanical properties (macro viewpoint); chemical and physical properties (macro viewpoint); thermoplastic materials (commodity plastics); thermoplastic materials (engineering plastics); thermoset materials; elastomeric (rubber) materials; designing with plastics; extrusion process; injection molding process; blow molding process; thermoforming process; rotational molding process; casting processes; foaming processes; compression and transfer molding processes; polymeric composite materials and processes; radiation processes; finishing and assembly; environmental aspects of plastics; and operations.

Introduction to Plastics
Definitions of Plastics and Polymers
History of Plastics
Raw Material Supply and Pricing
Strategic Materials
Plastics Industry
Uses of Plastics in Modern Society
Case Study
The Development of Nylon
Polymeric Materials (Molecular Viewpoint)
Introduction
Fundamentals of Matter
Bonding
Basic Concepts in Organic Chemistry
Polymers
Formation of Polymers
Thermoplastics and Thermosets
Copolymers
Case Study
Modifications to Improve Teflon? Processing
Micro Structures in Polymers
Introduction
Amorphous and Crystalline
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Thermal Transitions of Polymers
Effects of Thermal Changes on Polymers
Polymer Length
Molecular Weight
Melt Index
Shape (Steric) Effects
Case Study
Mechanical Properties of Polyethylene (PE) as Functions of Density and Melt Index
Mechanical Properties (Macro Viewpoint)
Introduction
Mechanical Properties in Solids (Elastic Behavior)
Mechanical Properties in Liquids (Viscous Flow)
Viscoelastic Materials
Plastic (High-Strain) Stress-Strain Behavior
Creep
Toughness and Impact Strength
Reinforcements
Fillers
Toughness Modifiers
Case Study
Testing of Trash Containers to Predict In-use Performance
Chemical and Physical Properties (Macro Viewpoint)
Introduction
Environmental Resistance and Weathering
Chemical Resistivity and Solubility
Permeability
Electrical Properties
Optical Properties
Flammability
Plastics Identification
Case Study
Using Carbon Black to Protect Polyethylene from UV Degradation
Designing with Plastics
Design Methodology
Layout/Drawing
Constraints
Material Choice
Prototyping
Case Study
Design of Plastic Stakes for Concrete Tilt-up Walls
Thermoplastic Materials (Commodity Plastics)
Introduction
Polyethylene (PE)
Polyethylene Copolymers
Polypropylene (PP)
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Polystyrene (PS)
Alloys and Blends
Case Study
Typical PVC Formulation
Thermoplastic Materials (Engineering Plastics)
Introduction
Polyamides or Nylons (PA)
Acetals or Polyoxymethylenes (POM)
Thermoplastic Polyesters (PET/PBT)
Polycarbonate (PC)
Acrylics (PAN, PMMA)
Fluoropolymers (PTFE, FEP, PFA)
High-Performance Thermoplastics
Cellulosics
Case Study
Making Nonstick Electrosurgical Blades
Thermoset Materials
Introduction
Crosslinking
Thermoset Types, General Properties, and Uses
Phenolics (PF)
Amino Plastics (UF and MF)
Polyester Thermosets (TS) or Unsaturated Polyesters (UP)
Epoxies (EP)
Thermoset Polimides
Polyurethanes (PUR)
Case Study
Thermoset Composites for Wrapping Utility Poles
Elastomeric (Rubber) Materials
Introduction
Aliphatic Thermoset Elastomers
Thermoplastic Elastomers (EPM and EPDM)
Fluoroelastomers
Silicones
Processing of Elastomers
Case Study
Elastomeric Lining for a Pump
Extrusion Process
Introduction
Equipment
Normal Operation and Control of the Process
Extrusion Problems and Troubleshooting
Material and Product Considerations
Postextrusion Forming
Coextrusion
Case Study
Extrusion
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780136788225
ISBN-10: 013678822X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 576
Published: January 1996
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 17.8  x 3.7
Weight (kg): 1.23
Edition Number: 1