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Planthoppers : Their Ecology and Management - Robert F. Denno

Planthoppers

Their Ecology and Management

By: Robert F. Denno (Editor), T.J. Perfect (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 30th September 1993
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Planthoppers include some of the most devastating pests of major agricultural crops throughout the world. One species, the rice brown planthopper, is among the most economically important pests in Asia. In past decades, government policies encouraged the control of rice planthoppers with synthetic pesticides, a tactic which promoted insecticide resistance and often led to the pesticide-induced resurgence of pest populations. To deter planthopper outbreaks, a more ecologically sound management strategy is being implemented, one based on a thorough investigation of population dynamics, natural enemies, and the genetics of host plant and insecticide adaptation. In the natural habitats of North America and Europe, scientists have also used planthoppers as model organisms to test ecological and evolutionary theory. The consequence of these diverse studies is an extremely scattered literature on planthoppers that has never been synthesized from an ecological perspective. This volume summarizes what is known about planthopper ecology and biological control. It takes a theoretical approach yet is deeply concerned with the application of theory to the practical problems of pest management.

The text is clearly organized. The chapter summaries are particularly useful...The last chapter is the most interesting as it details the problems and solutions of implementing an effective IPM educational program in rural Asia...It is a useful compilation of scattered data...Over 1700 references are listed, of which 83% represent papers published in the last quarter century... - Entomological Society of America; The text is clearly organized. The chapter summaries are particularly useful...The last chapter is the most interesting as it details the problems and solutions of implementing an effective IPM educational program in rural Asia...It is a useful compilation of scattered data...Over 1700 references are listed, of which 83% represent papers published in the last quarter century... - Entomological Society of America; The text is clearly organized. The chapter summaries are particularly useful...The last chapter is the most interesting as it details the problems and solutions of implementing an effective IPM educational program in rural Asia...It is a useful compilation of scattered data...Over 1700 references are listed, of which 83% represent papers published in the last quarter century... - Entomological Society of America

Contributors
Introduction
Planthoppers as models for ecological study and effective pest management
Host plant relationships
Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by Delphacid planthoppers and their relatives
Planthopper/plant interactions: feeding behavior, plant nutrition, plant defense, and host plant specialization
Influence of habitat structure on the abundance and diversity of planthoppers
Life history patterns, reproductive biology, and speciation
Life history variation in planthoppers
Reproductive behavior: the role of acoustic signals in species recognition and speciation
An ecological framework for the study of planthopper mating systems
Population ecology
Density-related effects on the components of fitness and population dynamics of planthoppers
Rice planthopper population dynamics: a comparison between temperate and tropical regions
Long-distance migration in Delphacid planthoppers
Species interactions and community structure
Predator-planthopper interactions
Parasitoid interactions and their contribution to the stabilization of Auchenorrhyncha populations
Transmission biology, vector specificity, and evolution of planthopper-transmitted viruses
Interspecific interactions and community structure in planthoppers and leafhoppers
Ecological approaches to planthopper management
Biological control in the management of planthopper populations
Genetics of host plant adaptation in Delphacid planthoppers
Impact of insecticides on the resistance and resurgence of rice planthoppers
Judicial use of insecticides deters planthopper outbreaks and extends the life of resistant varieties in Southeast Asian rice
Status and prospects for an integrated approach to the control of rice planthoppers
Definition and implementation of management options
A systems approach to planthopper population dynamics and its contribution to the definition of pest management options
Extension of integrated pest management for planthoppers in Asian irrigated rice: empowering the user
References
Taxonomic index
Subject index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412023415
ISBN-10: 0412023415
Series: Critical Social Thought
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 799
Published: 30th September 1993
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.72 x 16.1  x 4.9
Weight (kg): 1.33