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Plant Breeding : Principles and Prospects - M.D. Hayward

Plant Breeding

Principles and Prospects

By: M.D. Hayward (Editor), N.O. Bosemark (Editor), T. Romagosa (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st May 1993
ISBN: 9780412433900
Number Of Pages: 550

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Our requirement for plant breeders to be successful has never been greater. However one views the forecasted numbers for future population growth we will need, in the immediate future, to be feeding, clothing and housing many more people than we do, inadequately, at present. Plant breeding represents the most valuable strategy in increasing our productivity in a way that is sustainable and environmentally sensitive. Plant breeding can rightly be considered as one of the oldest multidisciplinary subjects that is known to humans. It was practised by people who first started to carry out a settled form of agriculture. The art, as it must have been at that stage, was applied without any formal underlying framework, but achieved dramatic results, as witnessed by the forms of cultivated plants we have today. We are now learning how to apply successfully the results of yet imperfect scientific knowledge. This knowledge is, however, rapidly developing, particularly in areas of tissue culture, biotechnology and molecular biology. Plant breeding's inherent multifaceted nature means that alongside obvious subject areas like genetics we also need to consider areas such as: statistics, physiology, plant pathology, entomology, biochemistry, weed science, quality, seed characteristics, repro­ ductive biology, trial design, selection and computing. It therefore seems apparent that modern plant breeders need to have a grasp of wide range of scientific knowledge and expertise if they are successfully to a exploit the techniques, protocols and strategies which are open to them.

Industry Reviews

The text is supported by many tables diagrams and excellent illustrations together with lists of references. There are good species and subject indexes. - Agricultural Progress.; The main merit of this book ... is to provide up-to-date comprehensive information in an accessible and integrated form for both postgraduate courses and research. This book is an excellent compilation of recent advances in crop improvement, written by 46 experts from 12 countries. ... The chapters are well written and logically organised. I recommend this book to both breeders and biologists working in various areas of plant improvement and wishing to be kept informed in depth about new techniques. - Planzen; ...a well balanced introduction from world authorities on the principles and practice of plant breeding...it should be required reading for all students... - Experimental Agriculture

List of contributors
Series foreword
Foreword
Preface
Introductionp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Genetic Systems and Population Structurep. 7
Genetic systems, recombination and variabilityp. 9
Population structure and variabilityp. 16
Sources of Variationp. 31
Plant genetic resourcesp. 33
Induced mutationsp. 52
Interspecific hybridization by sexual meansp. 63
Chromosome manipulation and polyploidyp. 79
Somatic hybridizationp. 93
Gene cloning and identificationp. 107
Gene transfer to plants: approaches and available techniquesp. 126
The role of gene technology in plant breedingp. 138
Assessment of Variationp. 161
Biometrical genetics in breedingp. 163
Biochemical characterization of populationsp. 184
Manipulation of Genetic Systemsp. 201
Self- and cross-incompatibility systemsp. 203
Male sterilityp. 213
Apomixisp. 229
Micropropagation and somatic embryogenesisp. 246
Andro- and parthenogenesisp. 261
Selection Methodsp. 279
Selection strategies and choice of breeding methodsp. 281
Marker-assisted selectionp. 314
Gametophytic and sporophytic selectionp. 332
In vitro selectionp. 353
Adaptationp. 371
Genotype x environment interaction and adaptationp. 373
Augmenting yield-based selectionp. 391
Resistance to abiotic stressesp. 406
Resistance to parasitesp. 422
Specific Trait Breedingp. 449
Breeding for improved symbiotic nitrogen fixationp. 451
Photosynthetic and respiratory efficiencyp. 473
Breeding for efficient root systemsp. 485
On the utilization of renewable plant resourcesp. 500
Epiloguep. 523
The need for a comprehensive plant breeding strategyp. 525
Species Indexp. 535
Subject Indexp. 541
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412433900
ISBN-10: 0412433907
Series: Plant Breeding : Book Vol. 1
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 550
Published: 31st May 1993
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.22

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