The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding was established in 1941 in recognition of the growing contribution of improved crop varieties to the country's agriculture. Scientific plant breeding had started inIndia soon after the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute set up in 1905 and a number of Agricultural Colleges in different parts of the country carried out some of the earliest work mostly inthe form of pure-line selections. In subsequent years, hybridization programmes in crops like wheat, rice, oilseeds, grain legumes, sugarcane and cotton yielded a large number of improved cultivars with significantly higher yields. A turning point came in the 1960s with the development of hybrids in several crops including inter-specific hybrids in cotton. And when new germplasm with dwarfing genes became available in wheat and rice from CIMMYT and IRRI, respectively,Indian plant breeders quickly incorporated these genes into the genetic background of the country's widely grown varieties with excellent grain quality and other desirable traits. This was to mark the beginning of modem agriculture in India as more and more varieties were developed, characterized by a high harvest index and response to modem farm inputs like the inorganic fertilizers . India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.
1. Hundred Years of Genetics: Revisiting Some of the Landmark.- 2. A Century of Advances in Plant Breeding Methodologie.- 3. Plant Breeding Science and Practice in the Twentieth Century: Some Landmark.- 4. Chromosome Manipulations for Crop Improvement.- 5. Advances in Molecular Cytogenetics: Potential for Crop Improvement.- 6. Transposable Elements and Epigenetic Mechanisms: Significance and Implication.- 7. Genetics of Host-Pathogen Interaction and Breeding for Durable Resistance.- 8. Genetic Improvement for Abiotic Stress Response.- 9. In-vitro Approaches to Crop Improvement.- 10. Molecular Markers in Improvement of Wheat and Brassica.- 11. Genome Mapping and Map Based Cloning.- 12. Genome-Wide Molecular Approaches in Plants: From Structure to Function.- 13. Application of Biotechnology to Maize and Wheat Improvement.- 14. Transgenics in Crop Improvement.- 15. Selection for Simple and Complex Trait.- 16. Population Improvement Strategies for Crop Improvement.- 17. Classical and Molecular Concepts of Heterosis.- 18. Advances in Hybrid Breeding Methodology.- 19. Heterosis in Crop Improvement.- 20. Cytoplasmic-Nuclear Male Sterility: Origin, Evaluation and Utilization.- 21. Quantitative Trait Improvement: Classical and Molecular Concept.- 22. Mating Designs and Their Implications for Plant Breeding.- 23. Genotype-by-Environment Interaction in Crop Improvement.- 24. Breeding for Wider Adaptability.- 25. Plant Ideotype: The Concept and Application.- 26. Mutation Breeding for Crop Improvement.- 27. Induced Mutations and Selection Techniques for Quantitative Traits.- 28. Collection, Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources.- 29. Intellectual Property Rights Related Issues in Plant Breeding.- 30. Breeding Legumes for Improved Nitrogen Fixation.- 31. Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Crop Responses.- The Contributors.- Author Index.
Number Of Pages: 811
Published: 26th August 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 20.3
Weight (kg): 1.97