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Place Names : How They Define the World And More - Richard R. Randall

Place Names

How They Define the World And More

Hardcover

Published: 28th February 2001
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Geographic features are relatively stable �but their names are not. This fact has been brought home with the advent of television, the Internet, and other technological advancements. Randall has drawn upon his global knowledge of geographic names accumulated by professional experiences in the fields of geography and cartography followed by a career with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names, creating a comprehensive study of place names from a variety of perspectives. He discusses how place names influence many aspects of people's lives and shape the way people view the world around them, from a broad look at large countries to an analysis of the origins of river names, to an appreciation of how place names can indicate the historical nature of areas. He also demonstrates how place names have become essential elements of our every day vocabulary and are ingredients of music and literature. Placing particular emphasis on the political importance of place names for military and diplomatic matters, the author concludes with a survey of name disputes and examines an assortment of unusual and controversial location names. This book provides a comprehensive view of the dynamic field of geographic names through the eyes of an expert. It is a vital resource for anyone seeking information about this important element of our world.

Written by a geographer who was executive secretary of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) for 20 years, this book serves as a useful introduction to naming conventions, sources, and disputes. * Zentralblatt fur Geologie und Palaontologie * Richard Randall has written a very valuable and readable review about international toponymy...It is a worthy addition to both public libraries and personal book collections with an emphasis on place name study...Randall's Place Names deserves much praise, and the nation that "leads the world in names programs" has reason to be justly proud of his sterling efforts in producing it. * Names: A Journal Of Onomastics * Randall not only has impeccable credentials to address this subject but draws upon a wealth of experience....as a bonus, he concludes the volume with amusing chapters listing 'names in dispute' and 'unusual and unacceptable names'....Place Names is a useful and interesting book. * Foreign Service Journal * Written by a geographer who was executive secretary of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) for 20 years, this book serves as a useful introduction to naming conventions, sources, and disputes. Zentralblatt fur Geologie und Palaontologie Richard Randall has written a very valuable and readable review about international toponymy...It is a worthy addition to both public libraries and personal book collections with an emphasis on place name study...Randall's Place Names deserves much praise, and the nation that "leads the world in names programs" has reason to be justly proud of his sterling efforts in producing it. Names: A Journal Of Onomastics Randall not only has impeccable credentials to address this subject but draws upon a wealth of experience...as a bonus, he concludes the volume with amusing chapters listing 'names in dispute' and 'unusual and unacceptable names'...Place Names is a useful and interesting book. Foreign Service Journal

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. xiii
Shortened Versions of Organization Namesp. xvii
The Nature of a Place Namep. 1
What Is a Place Name?p. 3
Definition and Functionp. 3
Origins of Place Namesp. 5
Categories of Place Namesp. 6
Regional Namesp. 11
International Regional Namesp. 11
Regional Names within Countriesp. 13
Large Bodies of Waterp. 15
Maps Say Little without Place Namesp. 17
Purposes of a Mapp. 17
Map Characteristicsp. 18
Mapping Techniquesp. 19
U.S. Mapping Agenciesp. 20
Commercial Mapsp. 23
Ecology and Mapsp. 23
How Place Names Affect Usp. 25
How Place Names Communicatep. 27
Inform Us about Our Worldp. 27
Identify Aspects of Our Livesp. 27
Provide Historical Informationp. 31
Describe the Nature of Terrainp. 32
Common Wordsp. 33
Animal Namesp. 34
Family Namesp. 34
Automobile Namesp. 35
Food and Beverage Namesp. 36
Railroad Namesp. 36
Mineral Namesp. 37
Place Names and the Artsp. 41
Literaturep. 41
Musicp. 44
Paintings and Photographsp. 49
Place Names Are Not Permanentp. 53
Where in the World Is That Place?p. 55
Names in the Headlinesp. 55
The Iron Curtain Is Liftedp. 55
The Former Yugoslaviap. 56
Other Countries Changed Namesp. 57
Names in the Middle Eastp. 58
Names in Southeast Asiap. 58
The Persian Gulf or the Arabian Gulfp. 60
A Case of Names in Headlines of the Pastp. 60
Names in Future Headlinesp. 61
Names in Multilingual Countriesp. 63
Different Languages, Different Namesp. 63
How Many Languages Are There?p. 64
Examples of Differing Place Namesp. 64
Efforts to End the Confusionp. 69
Countries Recognize the Problemp. 71
The Situation in the United Statesp. 71
Creation of the U.S. Board on Geographic Namesp. 72
The United States Addresses Writing Systems of Foreign Namesp. 73
Military Needs Required the Reestablishment of the Boardp. 73
The Board Is Reorganizedp. 74
Other National and International Bodiesp. 76
The United Nations Joins the Effortp. 81
The United Nations Looks at Place Namesp. 81
U.N. Group of Experts on Geographical Namesp. 82
How U.N. Programs Workp. 85
Future U.N. Effortsp. 87
A Need for Place Names Where People Don't Livep. 91
Undersea Featuresp. 91
Antarctican Featuresp. 93
Extraterrestrial Featuresp. 94
The Terminology of Namesp. 97
Why Is Terminology Needed?p. 97
Is It a Place Name, a Geographic Name, a Geographical Name, or a Toponym?p. 98
Specific and Generic Termsp. 99
Names of Cities, Counties, States, and Countriesp. 99
Names Defined as "False Generics"p. 100
Conventional Namesp. 100
Short and Long Forms of Namesp. 101
Standardization of Namesp. 102
Categorization of Place Namesp. 102
Designationsp. 103
Variations of Terminologyp. 104
If Your Language Is English, How Do You Write or Pronounce Arabic or Russian Names?p. 107
Converting Names from One Language or Writing System to Othersp. 107
Languages and Writing Systemsp. 108
Translation, Romanization, Transliteration, and Transcriptionp. 109
U.S. and U.K. Romanization Systemsp. 110
Pronunciation of Place Namesp. 111
Gazetteersp. 115
U.S. and International Names Programs during and after the Cold Warp. 119
The Cold Warp. 121
The Cold War Impact on U.N. Names Programsp. 121
Soviet Maps with Incorrect Namesp. 122
The U.S. Department of Statep. 125
U.S. Intelligence Agenciesp. 127
The North Atlantic Treaty Organizationp. 129
After the Cold Warp. 133
Interesting and Unusual Namesp. 135
Names in Disputep. 137
Some Disputes in the United Statesp. 137
Some Disputes in Foreign Areasp. 139
Names Common to the United States and Canadap. 142
Unusual and Unacceptable Namesp. 145
Long Namesp. 145
Short Namesp. 146
Names with Common Endingsp. 146
Names with Unusual Originsp. 147
A Request for an Animal-Friendly Place Namep. 147
How Many Great Lakes Are There?p. 147
Common Names in the United Statesp. 148
The Shortest River in the United Statesp. 148
Where Is a Town Called Lake Wobegon?p. 148
A Punctuation Mark Means a New Name?p. 149
The Last Name in Any Gazetteerp. 149
Unacceptable Names in the United Statesp. 150
Afterwordp. 153
Common Words Derived from Place Namesp. 155
Independent States of the Worldp. 159
Structure and Working Procedures of the U.S. Board on Geographic Namesp. 167
Excerpts from BGN Gazetteers of Undersea Features and Antarctic Namesp. 175
Examples of Conventional Namesp. 177
Selected Place Names from the BGN Digital Gazetteer of Austriap. 179
Comparative Examples of Selected Russian Cyrillicp. 181
BGN/PCGN Romanization System for Serbo-Croation Cyrillicp. 183
Accessing Information about Foreign and U.S. Domestic Place Names Processed by the BGNp. 185
U.S. and Other Sources of Information about Place Namesp. 189
Sources Citedp. 191
Useful Published Sourcesp. 193
Indexp. 197
About the Authorp. 203
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780810839069
ISBN-10: 0810839067
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 28th February 2001
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.43