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Physiology of Polar Fishes : The Physiology of Polar Fishes: Volume 22 - A.P. Farrell

Physiology of Polar Fishes

The Physiology of Polar Fishes: Volume 22

Hardcover

Published: 12th October 2005
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Volume 22 of the Fish Physiology Series is entirely devoted to fishes of high latitudes (Arctic and Antarctic). Three central themes comprise the book:
The uniqueness of the physiology of fishes that live in cold polar environments, a comparative analysis of physiological patterns exemplified by fishes that live poles apart and, how fishes differ from fishes living in more temperate and tropical habitats.
This book highlights the physiological adaptations that evolved to allow certain fish to exploit the frigid, yet productive, Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. The reader will explore what is known, as well as what remains undiscovered, concerning the fish indigenous to both polar regions. This will be of great interest to physiologists, ichthyologists, and comparative biologists researching low temperature biology, fishery scientists, faculty, graduate students
* Offers an comparative analysis of the arctic and antarctic polar marine environments
* Authors answer the question: What is special about the physiology of fish from the stenothermal Arctic and Antarctic environments?
* Includes nine descriptive chapters, 40 tables and over 80 figures

"The latest volume of the prestigious Fish Physiology series brings together a group of distinguished workers in the area of polar fish and provides a state-of-the-art survey of our understanding of the physiology of a group of organisms that have successfully adapted to one of the most physiologically challenging marine envrionments on the Earth. In addition to providing a masterly summary of the classical work, the authors also discuss areas of active current research making this the best current review of freezing avoidance in polar fish...it succeeds in providing a thorough, timely and authoritative survey of the physiology of polar fishes. It will find a place in my library and I have already found myself making extensive use of it...an excellent summary of current knowledge and will remain for some time the place to go to learn about the physiology of fishes living at high latitudes." - POLAR RESEARCH "...this volume covers all the major topics in fish physiology, with a special emphasis on the challenges and adaptations of fishes in extreme polar environments. This book is a valuable resource for those with interest in the biology of fishes in Arctic and Antarctic environments, as well as providing a good overview of general topics in fish physiology. The publication of this volume is also timely for anyone with an interest in the effects of global change in polar regions." -FISHERIES

Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
The Arctic and Antarctic Polar Marine Environments
Introductionp. 1
The Polar Marine Systemp. 2
Physical and Chemical Properties of Polar Seawaterp. 5
Primary Production and Seasonal Light Availabilityp. 7
The Arctic Marine Regionp. 8
The Antarctic Marine Regionp. 12
Glacial and Geological History of the Polar Regions and its Relation to Polar Fish Faunasp. 19
Referencesp. 22
Systematics of Polar Fishes
Introductionp. 25
Biogeographyp. 30
A Classification of Fishes Occurring in Arctic and Antarctic Regions, with an Annotated List of Fish Families and Notes on Revisions and Phylogenetic Hypothesesp. 33
Referencesp. 69
Metabolic Biochemistry: Its Role in Thermal Tolerance and in the Capacities of Physiological and Ecological Function
Introductionp. 79
Cold Adaptation: Performance Levels and Mode of Metabolismp. 88
Membrane Functions and Capacities: Constraints in Ion and Acid-Base Regulationp. 113
Molecular Physiology of Metabolic Functionsp. 120
Trade-Offs in Energy Budgets and Functional Capacities: Ecological Implicationsp. 128
Summaryp. 138
Referencesp. 139
Antifreeze Proteins and Organismal Freezing Avoidance in Polar Fishes
Introductionp. 155
Freezing Challenge to Hyposmotic Teleost Fish in Ice-Laden Freezing Marine Environmentsp. 157
Freezing Avoidance Strategiesp. 158
Organismal Freezing Pointsp. 161
Types of Antifreeze Proteinsp. 163
Noncolligative Lowering of the Freezing Point by Antifreeze Proteinp. 168
Environmental Ice and Exogenous/Endogenous Ice in Polar Fishp. 174
The Integument as a Physical Barrier to Ice Propagationp. 179
Synthesis and Distribution of Antifreeze Proteins in Body Fluidsp. 181
Stability of Undercooled Fish Fluids Lacking Antifreeze Proteinsp. 185
Serum Hysteresis Levels and Environmental Severityp. 187
Mechanism of Organismal Freeze Avoidancep. 191
Referencesp. 193
Respiratory Systems and Metabolic Rates
The Respiratory Systemp. 203
Metabolic Ratesp. 214
Conclusionp. 231
Referencesp. 233
The Circulatory System and its Control
The Cardiovascular System in the Coldp. 239
Anatomy and Control of the Fish Heartp. 251
The Branchial and Systemic Vasculaturep. 262
Integrated Cardiovascular Responsesp. 268
Summaryp. 272
Referencesp. 273
Blood-Gas Transport and Hemoglobin Function in Polar Fishes: Does Low Temperature Explain Physiological Characters?
Introductionp. 281
Mechanism of Evolution in Physiological Systemsp. 283
Expression and Significance of Multiple Hemoglobin Componentsp. 284
Functional Properties of Hemoglobinsp. 291
Respiratory Functions of Blood: Role of Blood in Maintaining Homeostasisp. 296
Reflections and Perspectivesp. 302
Referencesp. 306
Antarctic Fish Skeletal Muscle and Locomotion
Introductionp. 317
Basic Fish Muscle Anatomyp. 319
Mechanical and Physiological Properties of Isolated Musclep. 327
Protecting the Cellp. 329
Exercise and Energy Supplyp. 330
Swimmingp. 334
Exercise and Temperaturep. 337
Referencep. 341
The Nervous System
Introductionp. 351
Nervous System: Structure and Functionp. 353
Sensory Physiology of Polar Fishesp. 366
Concluding Remarksp. 375
Referencesp. 378
Indexp. 385
Other Volumes in the Seriesp. 395
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780123504463
ISBN-10: 0123504465
Series: Fish Physiology : Book 22
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 408
Published: 12th October 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.36
Weight (kg): 0.77