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Physics in the Arts : Revised Edition - Willy Haeberli

Physics in the Arts

Revised Edition

Paperback Published: 12th July 2011
ISBN: 9780123918789
Number Of Pages: 328

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Physics in the Arts is a concise, 328-page four-color entry in the Complementary Science Series, designed for science enthusiasts and liberal arts students requiring or desiring a well-developed discussion of physical phenomena, particularly with regard to sound and light. This book offers an alternative route to science literacy for those interested in the arts, music and photography. The material covered is at a level appropriate for self-study or as a complementary textbook.

A typical course on sound and light for non-science majors covers the nature of sound and sound perception as well as important concepts and topics including light and light waves, reflection and refraction; lenses; the eye and the ear; photography; color and color vision; and additive color mixing; subtractive color mixing. There are also discussions on color generating mechanisms; periodic oscillations; simple harmonic motion; damped oscillations and resonance; vibration of strings; Fourier analysis; musical scales; and musical instruments. Problems with solutions are presented. For teaching purposes, all figures in the book as well as hints on how to build labs are provided at http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123918789.

This book will be helpful to non-science students in courses related to the study of physics with light and sound.

  • Offers an alternative route to science literacy for those interested in the arts, music and photography
  • Popular science book with wide readership beyond the classroom at an accessible level
  • Material covered at a level appropriate for self-study or as a complementary textbook
  • For teaching purposes, all figures in the book as well as hints on how to build labs (including seven new labs in March 2012!)

Industry Reviews

"...the work of a pair of great physicists and top teachers...clear and imaginative. I cannot remember an occasion where a student complained about this text."--Francis Halzen, University of Wisconsin, Madison "I found the book very-well written...the book is also very popular with students. It covers the material at a depth appropriate for non-science students who are interested in the subject...it will be a very useful addition to the textbook literature for liberal arts colleges."-- Baha Balantekin, Eugene P. Wigner Professor of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Introductionp. xi
Light and Soundp. xi
Light and Light Wavesp. 01
Speed of Lightp. 05
Electromagnetic Spectrump. 06
Polarizationp. 07
Reflection and Refractionp. 10
Specular Reflection of Lightp. 10
Refraction of Lightp. 14
Total Internal Reflectionp. 17
Reflection and Refraction in Diamondsp. 21
The Rainbow25
Questionsp. 27
Lensesp. 30
The Prismp. 30
Converging and Diverging Lenses31
Focal Lengthp. 33
Images?Real and Virtualp. 36
Three Easy Raysp. 39
The Lens Formulap. 41
Note on Magnificationp. 45
Lens Aberrationsp. 47
Chromatic Aberrationsp. 48
Spherical Aberrationp. 49
Questionsp. 52
The Eyep. 56
Accommodationp. 58
Eyeglassesp. 60
Nearsighted Eyep. 61
Farsighted Eyep. 62
Astigmatic Eyep. 62
Photographyp. 63
The Camerap. 63
Focusing the Camerap. 64
p. 67
Choosing the Aperturep. 68
Depth of Fieldp. 69
Why the/Number?p. 70
The Filmp. 71
Digital Photographyp. 75
Putting it AH Together: Taking a Photographp. 76
Questionsp. 80
Color and Color Visionp. 82
Colorp. 82
Color Sensitivity of the Eyep. 84
Physical and Psychological Colorp. 89
Color: Hue, Saturation, and Brightnessp. 90
Light Interaction with other Objectsp. 92
Scattering or Diffuse Reflectionp. 92
Questionsp. 98
Additive Color Mixingp. 99
Primary Colorsp. 99
Adding Primary Colorsp. 100
The Color Trianglep. 103
Low-Brightness Colorsp. 107
Spectral Colorsp. 107
Non-Spectral Colorsp. 112
Summaryp. 113
Additive Color Mixing in Paintingp. 144
Questionsp. 117
Subtractive Color Mixingp. 118
Filtersp. 118
Subtractive Primary Colorsp. 120
Subtractive primariesp. 122
Color Photographyp. 124
Pigmentsp. 125
Change in Saturationp. 128
Why Do Blue and Yellow Make Green?p. 130
Change in Huep. 131
Questionsp. 134
Color-Generating Mechanismsp. 136
Illuminating Lightp. 136
Pigmentsp. 136
Structural Color: Iridescencep. 137
More Color-Generating Mechanisms Due to Iridescencep. 139
Color in Gemstonesp. 142
Mineral Color Due to Charge Transferp. 144
Mineral Color Due to Color Centersp. 144
Color in Gems Due to Band Gap Absorption of Lightp. 145
Periodic Oscillationsp. 148
Displacement Graph: Positions x Changes with Time tp. 151
The Period T and the Frequency fp. 153
Large and Small Numbersp. 154
Speed of Motiop. 154
Questionsp. 156
Simple Harmonic Motionp. 158
The Spring Constantp. 160
Oscillation Frequency for Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)p. 161
Wave Shape of Simple Harmonic Motionp. 163
Phase Anglep. 165
Questionsp. 166
Damped Oscillations and Resonancep. 168
Damped Oscillations?The Concept of "Damping Time"p. 168
Resonancep. 170
Build-up and Decay of Musical Tonesp. 175
Applications in Musicp. 175
Resonators in Musical Instrumentsp. 175
Questionsp. 177
Adding Sound Sources: Beats and Harmonyp. 179
Principle of Superpositionp. 179
Two Pure Tones of the Same Frequencyp. 180
Beatsp. 182
Harmonyp. 184
For the Fun of It: Lissajous Figuresp. 185
Questionsp. 188
Sound wavesp. 190
Propagation of a Pulsep. 190
Longitudinal and Transverse Wavesp. 192
Sound Waves in Air Are Longitudinal Wavesp. 193
Speed of Sound in Airp. 195
Wavelength and Frequencyp. 196
Relevance to Size of Instruments or Loudspeakersp. 197
Sound Propagationp. 198
Interference of Sound Wavesp. 199
Concert Hall Acousticsp. 201
Questionsp. 205
Sound Perception: Pitch, Loudness, and Timbrep. 206
Ludness and Amplitudep. 207
Loudness and Frequencyp. 210
Pitch Discriminationp. 213
The Earp. 214
The Parts of the Earp. 214
Place Theory of Pitch Perceptionp. 216
What Do the Auditory Nerves Tell the Brain?p. 217
Vibration of Stringsp. 220
Single Modesp. 220
Higher Modesp. 222
Traveling Versus Standing Wavesp. 223
The Voicing Formula225
How Do Modes Relate to Music?p. 226
Damping of Higher Partialsp. 227
Plucked Strings: Missing Partialsp. 227
Playing Harmonicsp. 228
Real Strings Have Some Stiffnessp. 228
Questionsp. 229
Pipesp. 231
Pressure Pulse in a Pipep. 231
Reflections in Open and Closed Pipesp. 232
Boundary Conditionsp. 233
Standing Waves in Open Pipesp. 233
Fundamental Frequency of Open Pipep. 234
Higher Modes of Open Pipep. 235
Fundamental Frequency of Closed Pipep. 237
Higher Modes of Closed Pipep. 238
Playing Tunes on Wind Instruments: Fingerholes and Overblowingp. 240
Other Shapesp. 240
Acoustic Lengthp. 241
Questionsp. 241
Fourier Analysisp. 243
The Fourier Theoremp. 243
Sound Spectrump. 244
Fourier Analyzer (Sound Analyzer)p. 249
Fourier Synthesisp. 251
Why Can't We Synthesize a Stradivari?p. 252
Questionsp. 254
Musical Scalesp. 256
Musical Intervalsp. 257
Consonance (Harmony): Simple Number Ratiosp. 257
The Major Triadp. 259
Constructing a Scale: The Just Scalep. 260
Whole and Half Tone Intervalsp. 263
Names of Intervalsp. 264
Transposing: Why Black Keys?p. 266
Perfection Sacrificed: The Tempered Scalep. 267
Major and Minor Scalesp. 273
The Natural Scalep. 274
Questionsp. 275
Musical Instrumentsp. 275
Structure of Musical Instrumentsp. 275
Excitation Mechanismp. 276
Playing aTunep. 278
Questionsp. 283
Solutions to Problemsp. 284
Indexp. 307
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780123918789
ISBN-10: 0123918782
Series: Complementary Science
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 12th July 2011
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.64
Edition Number: 1
Edition Type: Revised

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