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Phrase Structure in Natural Language : Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology - M. J. Speas

Phrase Structure in Natural Language

Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology

Hardcover Published: 30th September 1990
ISBN: 9780792307556
Number Of Pages: 308

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1: Modularity in Underlying Structure.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 On Defining Grammatical Relations in a Modular Theory.- 1.3 What is a Lexical Entry?.- 1.3.1 Overview.- 1.3.2 The Semantic Portion of a Lexical Entry: Lexical Conceptual Structure and the Definition of Thematic Roles.- 1.3.3 The Syntactic Portion of the Lexical Entry: Predicate Argument Structure (The Theta Grid).- 1.3.4 Summary.- 1.4 The Organization of Argument Structure: the Thematic Hierarchy.- 1.5 Case Theory and the Lexicon.- 1.6 S and S?: Extended X-bar Theory and the Lexical Clause Hypothesis.- 1.7 Dominance, Precedence and Phrase Markers.- Notes.- 2: Syntactic Projection and Licensing.- 2.1 Preliminaries: Licensing, the UTAH, the Projection Principle and the Theta Criterion.- 2.2 X-bar Theory and the Projection of Heads.- 2.2.1 Introduction.- 2.2.2 Formal and Informal Versions of X-bar Theory.- 2.2.3 Against Intermediate Bar Levels.- 2.2.4 Project Alpha.- 2.2.5 Consequences of Project Alpha.- Automatic Pruning.- No Restriction on Number of Specifiers.- Adjuncts and Adjunction Structures.- On Small Clauses.- 2.2.6 Licensing Grammars are not Phrase Structure Grammars.- 2.3 Licensing Non-head Daughters: Thematic Grids and Thematic Relations.- 2.3.1 Grids and Grid Relations.- 2.3.2 Deriving the UTAH: Projection and the Thematic Hierarchy.- D-Structure and the Thematic Hierarchy.- On the Structure of VP.- A Tentative LCS-Based Account of the Dative Alternation.- 2.3.3 Mapping from Argument Structure to D-Structure.- 2.3.4 Agentive Predicates and the Projection of Empty Verbal Heads.- 2.3.5 Cognitive Categories and Syntactic Categories.- 2.3.6 On the Notion 'External Argument'.- Predication and Argument Prominence.- How are External Arguments External?.- On the Maximal Constituency of VP.- 2.4 Functional Categories and Licensing.- 2.5 Summary.- Notes.- 3: On Configurationality Parameters.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Parametric Variation in D-Structure Principles.- 3.3 What is a Nonconfigurational Language?.- 3.3.1 Subject/Object Asymmetries in English.- Verb plus Object Act as a Surface Constituent.- Asymmetric Influence on Thematic Role.- Idioms.- Some Verbs are Intransitive but all Verbs Take a Subject.- Subject but not Object Position May Contain Null Pronominal.- No Nominative Reflexive.- The Binding Facts.- Weak Crossover.- ECP Facts.- Incorporation.- Summary.- 3.3.2 Variation in Underlying Structure and the Dual Representation Hypothesis.- 3.4 The Empirical Evidence for D-Structure Variation.- 3.4.1 The Structure of Japanese.- Subject/Object Asymmetries in Japanese.- Evidence for a Flat Structure in Japanese.- 3.4.2 The Structure of Malayalam.- Subject/Object Asymmetries in Malayalam.- Evidence for a Flat Structure in Malayalam.- 3.4.3 The Structure of Warlpiri.- Subject/Object Asymmetries in Warlpiri.- Evidence for a Flat Structure in Warlpiri.- An Analysis: Warlpiri KP Adjuncts as Modifiers.- The Typological Position of Warlpiri.- 3.4.4 The Structure of Hungarian.- Subject/Object Asymmetries in Hungarian.- Evidence for a Flat Structure in Hungarian.- 3.4.5 The Structure of VSO Languages.- Subject/Object Asymmetries in VSO Languages.- Evidence for a Flat Structure in VSO Languages.- 3.5 Summary and Conclusions.- Notes.- 4: Projection, Pronouns, and Parsing in Navajo Syntax.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 An Overview of Navajo Syntax and Morphology.- 4.2.1 The Syntax of Navajo.- 4.2.2 The Verbal Morphology of Navajo.- 4.2.3 Subject/Object Asymmetries in Navajo.- 4.3 Parsing, Null Arguments, and Grammatical Relations in Navajo.- 4.3.1 Grammatical Relations and Gaps in Simple Sentences.- 4.3.2 Platero's Principle for Interpretation of Grammatical Relations.- 4.3.3 Null Objects and Null Topics in Navajo.- 4.3.4 Navajo Relative Clauses and the Parallel Function Constraint.- 4.4 On Navajo Nominals as Adjuncts.- 4.5 Navajo Agreement and Incorporated Pronouns.- 4.5.1 Syntactic Accessibility of Morphemes and the Lexical Integrity Hypothesis.- 4.5.2 Navajo Pronominal Clitics as Infixes.- 4.5.3 Agreement vs. Incorporation: Navajo bi as Incorporated Pronoun.- 4.5.4 INFL in Navajo.- 4.6 Conclusion: Projection from the Lexicon in Navajo.- Notes.- 5: Concluding Remarks.- References.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

ISBN: 9780792307556
ISBN-10: 0792307550
Series: Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 30th September 1990
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.63

Earn 519 Qantas Points
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