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Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment - Kazutoshi Yabuki

Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment

Hardcover

Published: 29th February 2004
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The association between plants and wind that first comes to mind might be plant damage from a strong wind such as a typhoon or monsoon. The winds this book will 1 discuss, however, are not this strong at all, but rather are only 2 m*s* or weaker, like a breeze that gently blows over a farming area. Such a breeze, in fact, instills vitality into plants and increases their growth rates. This book is an attempt to explain these beneficial effects on plants from a field perspective. One fundamental process necessary for plant growth is photosynthesis. Since it is a photochemical reaction, this synthesis has been studied with emphasis on light. Yet to shed light on dry-matter or carbohydrate production by plants, it is indispensable to pursue research not only into the mechanism of photosynthesis but also into photosynthetic production itself. I have observed various phenomena occurring in the production field, and have thereby realized it necessary to recognize photosynthesis as a phenomenon that carbon dioxide (C0 ) in the air diffuses into chloroplasts in the leaves, and to study 2 which environmental factors promote C0 diffusion into the leaves. 2 In this book, I am going to describe the effects of the natural environment on photosynthetic production, placing focus on the leaf boundary layer as an environmental factor for plant production.

Preface
A Closer Look at Wind
Bibliography
CO2 Exchange between the Air and the Leaf
CO2 Diffusive Resistance Theory and Leaf Boundary Layer Resistance
Structure of the Leaf Boundary Layer
Analysis of the leaf boundary layer with a schlieren optical system
Wind speed distribution in the leaf boundary layer
Near-surface Airflow
Visual identification of water flow in the water channel
Boundary layer of the model leaf parallel to the laminar flow
Boundary layer of the model leaf with an attack angle to the laminar flow
Boundary layer of the model leaf freely vibrating in the turbulent flow
Photosynthetic Rate in the Aspects of the Leaf Boundary Layer
Demonstration of the Significance of the Leaf Boundary Layer
Diffusive resistance value rb
Stomal resistance value rs and mesophyll resistance value rm
Calculation of the photosynthetic rate
Measurement of the Effect of a Wind on the Photosynthetic Rate Using a Wind Tunnel for Plant Growth
The wind tunnel for plant growth
Photosynthetic rate of a cucumber leaf and wind speed
Effect of wind speed and humidity on the photosynthetic rate
Effect of wind speed and light intensity on the photosynthetic rate
Leaf shape and photosynthetic rate
Attack Angle and Photosynthetic Rate
Attack angle and photosynthetic rate
Attack angle and dry matter production or NAR
Leaf Vibration and Photosynthetic Rate
Distribution of photosynthetic rate on the leaf surface
Method of measuring the vertical distribution of photosynthetic rate on the leaf surface
Distribution of photosynthetic rate on the leaf surface
Photosynthetic Rate of a Plant Community and Wind Speed
Methods of Measuring the Photosynthetic Rate of a Plant Community
Aerodynamic method
Heat balance method
Method of measuring soil respiration rate
Photosynthetic rate of a lowland rice community (paddy field) and changes in its growth process
Relationship between the photosynthetic rate of a lowland rice community and wind speed
Methods of measuring the photosynthetic rate of plant communities
Photosynthetic rates of five plant communities in their natural environments
Vegetative variation and photosynthetic rate of a plant community
Gas Exchange between the Pneumatophores and Roots of Mangroves by Photosynthesis of Pneumatophore
Pneumatophores with Chlorophyll
Pneumatophore Variation and Gas Exchange with the Roots
Gas Exchange between the Pneumatophores and Roots in a Growing Field
Measurements of photosynthetic and respiration rates of pneumatophores
O2 Diffusion from the pneumatophore to the root
Relationship between the Variety of the Pneumatophores and the Tidal Level
Mechanism of Gas Exchange between Pneumatophores and the Roots
Active Transport across a Membranous Structure of the Pneumatophore
Experimental Planting of Mangrove
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402018657
ISBN-10: 1402018657
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 126
Published: 29th February 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.83