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Philosophy, The Federalist, and the Constitution - Morton White

Philosophy, The Federalist, and the Constitution

Paperback Published: 13th April 1989
ISBN: 9780195059489
Number Of Pages: 288

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In 1787, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison wrote The Federalist to rally support for the ratification of the Constitution of the United States. In spite of the pragmatic intentions of the authors, they often implicitly expressed themselves in philosophical language, drawing from the major philosophers of their day, notably Locke and Hume. In this book, Morton White presents the first synoptic view of the major philosopical ideas in The Federalist. Using the tools of philosophy and intellectual history, he examines the theories and disciplines used in different degrees by the founding fathers in defence of the Constitution. 'Thoroughly researched and carefully argued; this is an important book.'The Library Journal

Industry Reviews

"Exhibits a strong intellect at work on an important task: to determine the grounding, in terms of technical philosophy, of The Federalist. It is a formidable achievement of rich scholarship that is probably definitive."--American Historical Review "[An] excellent book that offers a sophisticated presentation of the philosophy contained in The Federalist....All serious students of the early republic will find White's book another valuable, clearly written, illuminating contribution to understanding our past."--American Political Science Review "We have waited two hundred years for someone to organize and clarify the philosophical ideas behind The Federalist Papers. Morton White's brilliant and illuminating reexamination of our greatest political treatise is ideal reading for the bicentennial year of the Constitution."--Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. "White has provided lawyers, historians, and political theorists with a valuable resource with which to appreciate the full range of Publius' wisdom."--Harvard Law Review "Thoroughly researched and carefully argued, this is an important book."--Library Journal "[White] fashions a philosophical analysis that is both substantial and convincing."--William and Mary Quarterly "Exhibits a strong intellect at work on an important task: to determine the grounding, in terms of technical philosophy, of The Federalist. It is a formidable achievement of rich scholarship that is probably definitive."--American Historical Review "[An] excellent book that offers a sophisticated presentation of the philosophy contained in The Federalist....All serious students of the early republic will find White's book another valuable, clearly written, illuminating contribution to understanding our past."--American Political Science Review "We have waited two hundred years for someone to organize and clarify the philosophical ideas behind The Federalist Papers. Morton White's brilliant and illuminating reexamination of our greatest political treatise is ideal reading for the bicentennial year of the Constitution."--Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. "White has provided lawyers, historians, and political theorists with a valuable resource with which to appreciate the full range of Publius' wisdom."--Harvard Law Review "Thoroughly researched and carefully argued, this is an important book."--Library Journal "[White] fashions a philosophical analysis that is both substantial and convincing."--William and Mary Quarterly

Introduction
The Role of Philosophy in The Federalistp. 3
The Different Legacies of Locke and Hume
Hume's Experience and Locke's Reasonp. 13
Hume on Reason and Experience in Science
Hume vs. Locke on Morality as a Demonstrative Science
Theory of Knowledge
Using Abstract Reason in Morals and Politicsp. 25
Natural Law and Natural Rights: Publius's Substantive Moral Philosophy
Rationalism in Publius's Theory of Ethical Knowledge
Rationalism in Publius's Theory of Political Knowledge
Using Experience and History in Politicsp. 38
Reason Without Rationalism in Politics
Reason, Long Experience, and Short Experience
Experience, History, and Political Science
Philosophy of History
The Causes of Factions and the Question of Economic Determinismp. 55
Factions in Madison's "Philosophy of History"
Was Madison an Economic Determinist?
Madison and Hume on the Method of Supporting a Theory of Factions
Madison's and Hume's Substantive Views on Factions
The Absence of "Opinion" in Madison's Definition of "Faction"
On the Value of Reading Hume and Other Writings of Madison
Madison: No Economic Interpreter of History and No Economic Determinist
Psychology
The Essence of Ideal Man and the Nature of Real Menp. 85
Publius's Study of Human Nature: The Empirical Psychological Component
Publius's Study of Human Nature: The A Priori Moral Component
Two Kinds of Analysis
Descriptive vs. Moral Judgment of Men and Their Actions
Realism and Pessimism
Man as a Knave in Politics
Concluding Remarks
Reason, Passion, and Interestp. 102
Reason as a Motive
Passions and Interests as Motives
Bishop Butler on Passion and Interest: A Digression
Passions and Interests as Distinguishable Motives of Factions
Recapitulation
On the Strength of Different Motivesp. 113
Reason as a Weak Motive that Impels Few Men
The Passions and Interests of an Individual
The Passions and Interests of a Group
The Theory of Motivation
Theory of Action and Metaphysics
Motive, Opportunity, and Action: The Principle of Causality at Workp. 131
The Motives and Opportunities of Factions
The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for a Group's Action, for an Individual's Action, and for the Behavior of Other Objects
The Defects of Pure Democracy: The Structure of Madison's Argument
The Advantages of a Republic: The Structure of Madison's Argument
The Motives and Opportunities of Representative Bodies
Motive, Opportunity, and the Principle of Causality
Combining and Separating Motives and Opportunitiesp. 149
Combining the Motives and Opportunities of a United America
Hamilton on Separating the Motives and Opportunities of Factions
Separation of Powers, Federalism, Checks and Balances: Their Connections with Publius's Theory of Action
Two Ways of Denying Opportunity: Constitutional and Nonconstitutional
Tyranny, Slavery, and Irony
Ethics
The Nonnaturalistic Ethics of Natural Rightsp. 175
A Summary View
A Philosophical Map of The Federalistp. 193
The Role of Normative Moral Philosophy in Publius's Argument
Publius's Theory of Ethical Knowledge and His Theory of Experimental Knowledge
The Main Experimental Theses of The Federalist From a Philosophical Point of View
The Technological Component of The Federalist
The Role of Metaphysics and Theology in The Federalist
The Federalist and the Declaration of Independence Comparedp. 208
The Moral Argument of the Declaration and that of The Federalist
Self-evident Truths, True Interests, and the Opportunities of Dictators
Epistemological Dualism and Madison's Concern for the Protection of Natural Rights
Epistemological Dualism and Hamilton's Concern for the Public Good
Final Remarks
Notesp. 229
Indexp. 265
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195059489
ISBN-10: 0195059484
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 13th April 1989
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 15.55  x 2.16
Weight (kg): 0.45

Earn 165 Qantas Points
on this Book