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Philosophy as Therapeia : Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements - Clare Carlisle

Philosophy as Therapeia

Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements

By: Clare Carlisle (Editor), Professor Jonardon Ganeri (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 28th June 2010
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`Empty are the words of that philosopher who offers therapy for no human suffering. For just as there is no use in medical expertise if it does not give therapy for bodily diseases, so too there is no use in philosophy if it does not expel the suffering of the soul.' The philosopher Epicurus gave famous voice to a conception of philosophy as a cure or remedy for the maladies of the human soul. What has not until now received attention is just how prominent an idea this has been across a whole spectrum of philosophical tradition. A medical analogy features strongly in Buddhist conceptions of philosophical practice, and the idea that philosophy should be therapeutic, indeed that this is philosophy's first function, was indeed widely spread in several other, non-Buddhist, Indian schools. In the West, too, this conception of philosophy has displayed a great resilience, persisting long past the Hellenistic age. It can and will be argued that medieval scholasticism, a mode of philosophizing now so often and often so naively criticised, should be understood as therapeutic in intent. If that is right it is important, because it allows us to see continuities between ancient, medieval and early modern thought where too often discontinuities alone are emphasised. For Spinoza too thought of philosophy as therapeutic, and after him Nietzsche and James and Wittgenstein. So the conception of philosophy as therapeia allows for, and even necessitates, a new reading of the history of philosophy, one in which deep continuities come into vision which have been obscured, a reading which also contradicts those who have wanted to maintain that philosophy is a peculiarly European cultural product, and instead affirms its identity as a global intellectual practice.

"...Philosophy as Therapeia is a highly commendable review and introduction to the fascinating domain of philosophical therapy." --Konrad Banicki, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Philosophy in Review

Notes on Contributorsp. v
Introductionp. 1
Medical Analogies in Buddhist and Hellenistic Thought: Tranquillity and Angerp. 11
Rationality as the Therapy of Self-Liberation in Spinoza's Ethicsp. 35
Two Pedagogies for Happiness: Healing Goals and Healing Methods in the Summa Theologiae of Thomas Aquinas and the Sri Bhasya of Ramanujap. 51
The Thinker and the Draughtsman: Wittgenstein, Perspicuous Relations, and 'Working on Oneself'p. 67
Therapy and Theory Reconstructed: Plato and his Successorsp. 83
The Teacher as Mother or Midwife? A Comparison of Brahminical and Socratic Methods of Educationp. 103
A Return to the Self: Indians and Greeks on Life as Art and Philosophical Therapyp. 119
For Mortal Souls: Philosophy and Therapeia in Nietzsche's Dawnp. 137
The Philosopher as Pathogenic Agent, Patient and Therapist: The Case of William Jamesp. 165
Curing Diseases of Belief and Desire: Buddhist Philosophical Therapyp. 187
PataƱjali's Yoga as Therapeiap. 219
Bibliographyp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521165150
ISBN-10: 0521165156
Series: Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 245
Published: 28th June 2010
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.35 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.36