This book gives a clear and thorough description of three fascinating linguistic projects that were carried out in the seventeenth century: the philosophical languages of George Dalgarno (1661) and John Wilkins (1668), as well as the work of Leibniz in this area. These projects combined practical purposes, such as improving communication, with profound theoretical insights concerning the representation of knowledge and the nature of language. Rich in detail, this book provides all the material for a proper understanding of the workings of these schemes, while illuminating the intellectual context in which they took shape. It will be welcomed by anyone interested in the history of linguistics and philosophy of language. This book: - offers in-depth analysis of the two most sophisticated universal language schemes created in the seventeenth century: the philosophical languages of Dalgarno and Wilkins, supplementing existing literature in focusing on the internal details of the languages, highlights and documents the controversy between Dalgarno and Wilkins, largely ignored in most other books on the subject, showing that their schemes resulted from different, and in various respects antagonistic approaches, presents a careful account of Leibniz's plans for a philosophical language, and illustrates, in discussing his philosophy of language, how his thought was formed in constant interaction with contemporaries, discusses at greater length than usual the extensive work Leibniz did in carrying out his plans, and shows to what extent he was indebted to Dalgarno and Wilkins, emphasizes the importance of the logical tradition for the structure of artificial languages constructed in the seventeenth century, and clarifies the role played by dominant views of the relation between spoken and written language, maintains a fine balance between historical research and argument, presenting what was said as accurately as possible and placing it within its proper context, but also attempting to evaluate the views described, is of interest to linguists, philosophers and historians of ideas.
From the reviews: "Jaap Maat's book chronicles the efforts of three European scholars from the mid- to late seventeenth century to produce a universal language. ! M explains the language ! with well-organized tables and examples. ! M does a good job of setting up his philosophy and his relevance ! . This book helps its readers understand the thought processes of European intellectuals as they sought linguistic answer to the challenges of growing global interaction during the 1600s." (Matthew Honig, Language, Vol. 83 (4), 2007)
|The Background||p. 7|
|Delgarno: the Art of Signs||p. 31|
|Wilkins: the Art of Things||p. 135|
|Leibniz: the Art of Thinking||p. 267|
|Concluding remarks||p. 391|
|Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: The New Synthese Historical Library
Number Of Pages: 419
Published: 29th February 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 17.0 x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.75