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Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2 : The Age of Meaning - Scott Soames

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2

The Age of Meaning

Paperback

Published: 17th January 2005
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This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.

As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear.

Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Winner of the 2003 Award for Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Philosophy, Association of American Publishers "I know of no sustained philosophical work that is as clear, deep, and incisive as these two volumes. There are several other excellent books on twentieth-century analytic philosophy, but Soames's is likely to become the standard. His ability to reconstruct arguments, to fill in inchoate arguments, and to detect what may have motivated or underlain some philosopher's position is amazing... These are superb volumes by a superb philosopher."--A. P. Martinich, Journal of the History of Philosophy "The writing and the organization are admirably clear and straightforward, exhibiting many of the virtues Soames claims for the tradition as a whole... It is hard to imagine another work being produced which would deliver so much solid information on this dense and difficult subject matter in such easy form."--Charles T. Mathewes, Virginia Quarterly Review "Because of its combination of sympathetic, illuminating exposition of the central doctrines and arguments of the analytic tradition and the hard-nosed critical evaluation to which they are subjected, this will surely be the standard history of analytic philosophy for many years to come."--Choice Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century is a marvelous introduction to analytic philosophy. The two volumes unfold as a series of studies of some of the most important and influential philosophers in the analytic tradition... It is a philosopher's history of analytic philosophy, with a careful and critical assessment of ideas about truth, morality, logic, mind, and meaning."--Alex Byrne and Ned Hall, Boston Review

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction to Volume 2p. xiii
Ludwig Wittgenstein'S Philosophical Investigationsp. 1
Rejection of the Tractarian Conception of Language and Analysisp. 3
Rule Following and the Private Language Argumentp. 32
Suggested Further Readingp. 62
Classics of Ordinary Language Philosophy: Truth, Goodness, The mind, and analysisp. 65
Ryle's Dilemmasp. 67
Ryle's Concept of Mindp. 92
Strawson's Performative Theory of Truthp. 115
Hare's Performative Theory of Goodnessp. 135
Suggested Further Readingp. 153
More classics of Ordinary Language Philosophy: The Response to Radical Skepticismp. 155
Malcolm's Paradigm Case Argumentp. 157
Austin's Sense and Sensibiliap. 171
Suggested Further Readingp. 193
Paul Grice and the End of Ordinary language Philosophyp. 195
Language Use and the Logic of Conversationp. 197
Suggested Further Readingp. 219
The Philosophical Naturalism of Willard Van Orman Quinep. 221
The Indeterminacy of Translationp. 223
Quine's Radical Semantic Eliminativismp. 259
Suggested Further Readingp. 287
Donald Davidson on Truth and Meaningp. 289
Theories of Truth as Theories of Meaningp. 291
Truth, Interpretation, and the Alleged Unintelligibility of Alternative Conceptual Schemesp. 312
Suggested Further Readingp. 331
Saul Kripke on Naming and Necessityp. 333
Names, Essence, and Possibilityp. 335
The Necessary Aposteriorip. 372
The Contingent Apriorip. 397
Natural Kind Terms and Theoretical Identification Statementsp. 423
Suggested Further Readingp. 457
Epilogue
The Era of Specializationp. 461
Indexp. 477
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691123127
ISBN-10: 0691123128
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 504
Published: 17th January 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 16.6  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 0.71