The role of philosophy as a valued and effective part of the culture of civilized Romans has aroused an increasing amount of scholarly interest in recent years. In this volume, which gathers together nine papers delivered at a series of seminars on philosophy and Roman society in the University of Oxford, scholars of classical literature, Roman history, and ancient philosophy investigate the place of Platonism and Aristotelianism in Roman intellectual, cultural, and political life from the second century BC to the third century AD. In addition to chapters on such important figures as Cicero, Varro, Plutarch, Favorinus, Celsus, and Porphyry, the book contains essays on the tradition of Aristotle's library at Rome, the theory of the mixed constitution, and the anonymous commentary on Plato's Theaetetus. It thus forms a complement to Philosophia Togata I which addressed the importance of the doctrines of the Hellenistic schools to Roman society during the first century BC.
`This is a learned and wide-ranging set of essays ... The collection is very helpful as a background to the philosophy of its times.'
International Philosophical Quarterly
`T his is one of the most enjoyable collection of essays I have read for a long time. The array of scholars is awesome, but, unusually for many such arrays, all the articles are readable, and several ... are extremely well written, without of course compromising their scholarship ... Every single one of the articles in this collection seems to me to break new ground, to be plausible and extremely informative, and so to be required reading for anyone
interested in the development of Greek philosophy past the classical and Hellenistic eras.'
The Heythrop Journal
`The essays are accompanied by a bibliography which is designed to serve as an introduction to the whole range of problems touched upon in the book. The bibliography and indexes complete this excellent volume which, I believe, will become soon an indispensable position in any serious resaerch on the Ancient thought.'
Tijdschrift voor Filosofie
`The whole book is impeccably presented, and all the essays are of casual interest.'
M. R. Wright, The Classical Review
1: Roman Aristotle
2: The Theory of the Mixed Constitution at Rome
3: From Aristotle to Atticus: Cicero and Matius on Friendship
4: Plato's Auctoritas and the Rebirth of the Commentary Tradition
5: Varro and the Antiquarianism of Philosophy
6: Plutarch, Plato, Athens, and Rome
7: Favorinus: the Man of Paradoxes
8: Celsus' Attack on the Christians
9: Porphyry: Ethnicity, Language, and Alien Wisdom