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Peter Behrens and a New Architecture for the Twentieth Century : The MIT Press - Stanford Anderson

Peter Behrens and a New Architecture for the Twentieth Century

The MIT Press

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Most histories of twentieth-century architecture cite Peter Behrens' influence on three of his prot‚g‚s--Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Le Corbusier--and mention the turbine factory and arc lamp he designed for the German electrical firm AEG. Now Behrens' full contribution to the history of twentieth-century architecture is finally told, in Stanford Anderson's indispensable guide to one of the great designers of our century.The author was first attracted to Behrens as one of the emblematic figures in the development of architectural modernism. Over the years, he has reflected critically on the growing body of Behrens scholarship that has appeared on both sides of the Atlantic, as well as on the views of such tastemakers as Philip Johnson, who rejected Behrens' AEG Turbine Factory, the signature icon of his early experiments in modernism, in favor of his later conservatively classical work. Anderson now assimilates decades of research into a definitive work that considers Behrens from the most nuanced perspective yet and that clarifies many problematic issues such as Behrens' endorsement of historical determinism and his work on Hitler's proposed monumental axis in Berlin.The book looks at the cultural and architectural context in which Behrens worked, his early career, and the relation of his own house in Darmstadt to his ideal of a society where life is formed as art. It also looks at his directorship of the School of Arts and Crafts in D�sseldorf, where he drew on the work of such brilliant historiographers of art and architecture as Alois Riegl and August Schmarsow. In his conclusion, Anderson considers Behrens' melancholy in the face of modern industrial society and his avoidance of a direct address of life, despite, or rather because of, his professed commitment to express life as art.

This clear and critical book...is a welcome addition to the still rather small literature on Behrens in English.

-E. Mumford
A first-rate study, unlikely to be surpassed.

-Choice * Reviews *
An important source, rich in information and analysis of the period.

-Peter Blundell Jones, Architectural Review * Reviews *
Reveals a profound understanding of the social and cultural context in which Behrens operated and of the crucial issues of artistic theory in early twentieth-century Germany.

-Gabriele Bryant , AA Files * Reviews *
This clear and critical book...is a welcome addition to the still rather small literature on Behrens in English.

-E. Mumford * Reviews *

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introductionp. ix
A Context for the Early Work of Behrens: The Emergence of a New Architecture in Germany and Austria around 1900p. 1
Behrens's Changing Concept of Life as Art: A Review of the Early Workp. 27
Behrens's Highest Kultursymbol, the Theater: Darmstadt, 1900-1903p. 45
Theory and Teaching of Architecture: Dusseldorf, 1903-1907p. 69
Modern Architecture and Industry, a Cultural Policy of Historical Determinism: Berlin Ip. 95
Industrial Design, a Strategy for Uniting Technology and Art: Berlin IIp. 113
Architecture for Industry, the AEG Factories: Berlin IIIp. 129
Expression, Convention, and Convention as Expression: Berlin IVp. 165
The Interwar Yearsp. 221
Conclusionp. 255
Notesp. 261
List of Architectural Worksp. 323
Bibliography and Sourcesp. 373
Illustration Creditsp. 409
Indexp. 415
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262511308
ISBN-10: 0262511304
Series: The MIT Press
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 444
Published: 1st October 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.2 x 19.7  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 1.02