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Perspectives on Poverty in India : Stylized Facts from Survey Data - World Bank

Perspectives on Poverty in India

Stylized Facts from Survey Data

Paperback Published: 13th April 2011
ISBN: 9780821386897
Number Of Pages: 224

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The book examines India's experience with poverty reduction in a period of rapid economic growth. Marshalling evidence from multiple sources of survey data and drawing on new methods, the book asks how India's structural transformation - from rural to urban, and from agriculture to nonfarm sectors - is impacting poverty.Our analysis suggests that since the early 1990s, urban growth has emerged as a much more important driver of poverty reduction than in the past. We focus in particular on the role of small and medium size conurbations in India, both as the urban sub-sector in which urban poverty is overwhelmingly concentrated, and as a sub-sector that could potentially stimulate rural-based poverty reduction. Second, in rural areas, we focus on the nature of intersectoral transformation out of agriculture into the nonfarm economy. Stagnation in agriculture has been accompanied by dynamism in the nonfarm sector, but there is much debate about whether the growth seen has been a symptom of agrarian distress or a source of poverty reduction.Finally, alongside the accelerating economic growth and the highly visible transformation that is occurring in India's major cities, inequality is on the rise. This is raising concern that economic growth in India has by-passed significant segments of the population. The third theme on social exclusion asks if, despite the dramatic growth, historically grounded inequalities along lines of caste, tribe and gender have persisted.This book would be of interest for policymakers, researchers, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies-from India and abroad--who wish to know more about India's experience of the last two decades in reducing poverty.

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Executive Summaryp. xvii
Overviewp. 1
India's Poverty Challengep. 1
Poverty on the Declinep. 4
City Size Matters: Urban Growth and Povertyp. 11
A Casual Transformation: Rural Nonfarm Employmentp. 14
Beyond Consumption: Toward Health and Education for All, Haltinglyp. 17
Rising Inequality: Cause for Concern?p. 23
Social Exclusion: Who Is Being Left Behind?p. 28
Concluding Remarksp. 33
Notesp. 35
Referencesp. 35
Consumption Poverty and Growthp. 39
Consumption Poverty: Trends and Patternsp. 41
Has Poverty Become Less Responsive to Economic Growth?p. 58
Changing Drivers of Poverty Reductionp. 63
Thinking beyond the ôOfficialö Poorp. 69
Notesp. 75
Referencesp. 76
Urban Growth and Poverty in Towns of Different Sizesp. 81
Introductionp. 81
Trends at the National and the State Levelp. 83
Poverty in Towns of Different Sizesp. 85
Urban Agglomeration and Poverty Reductionp. 98
Urban Growth Is a Source of Rural Poverty Reductionp. 105
Implications for Policyp. 109
Notesp. 111
Referencesp. 112
A Casual Transformation: The Growing Rural Nonfarm Sectorp. 115
India's Rural Transformation: In Slow Motion but Picking Up Speedp. 118
The Casualization of Nonfarm Workp. 120
Who Gets What Job? Does Nonfarm Employment Reach the Poor?p. 133
The Impact of the Nonfarm Sector on Rural Poverty: A Regression Analysisp. 141
Why Isn't the Nonfarm Sector Growing Faster?p. 146
Notesp. 151
Referencesp. 152
Beyond Consumption Poverty: Nutrition, Health, and Educationp. 155
Nutrition Outcomes: Short, Thin, and Wastedp. 156
Health Outcomes: Better but Not Wellp. 164
Education Outcomes: In School, but Not Learning Very Muchp. 168
The Need for Systemic Reformp. 176
Notesp. 178
Referencesp. 181
Rising Inequality: A Cause for Concern?p. 185
Inequality Dynamics at the All-India Levelp. 188
Inequality at the Local Level in Three Statesp. 194
The Structure of Indian Inequalityp. 201
Notesp. 217
Referencesp. 220
Social Exclusion: Who Is Being Left Behind?p. 225
Exclusion by Castep. 230
Exclusion by Tribal Identityp. 241
Exclusion by Genderp. 252
Epiloguep. 262
Notesp. 262
Referencesp. 265
Boxes
Poverty Lines and Poverty Measuresp. 44
India's Poverty Lines Need to Be Overhauledp. 47
Developing Poverty Maps Using the Small-Area Estimation Methodp. 54
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821386897
ISBN-10: 0821386891
Series: Equity and Development
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 13th April 2011
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 14.61  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48

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