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Perspectives on Development and Population Growth in the Third World - O.G. Simmons

Perspectives on Development and Population Growth in the Third World


Published: 30th March 2012
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Until the early to mid-1970s, social scientists in the fields of population and development were largely going their own ways. Demographers relied almost exclusively on demographic transition theory as their para- digm for understanding the role of development in population change and fertility decline. Conversely, most development economists and other specialists were certainly aware of the constraints placed upon development objectives by population growth. However, the main de- velopment theories paid little attention to population and the implica- tions of population growth for development. Indeed it was not until after the World Population Conference in Bucharest in 1974 that the interaction of population and development became a serious and pur- posive theme for social scientific study. Accordingly, since about the mid-1970s, an extensive literature in the field of population and develop- ment has been generated. And in 1975, under the auspices of The Popu- lation Council, the journal Population and Development Review was found- ed, a journal which in the past decade has developed into the premier publication in the world for work in this area. But our understanding of development as it refers to change in Third World countries remained fragmented. Moreover, our understanding of the linkages and interac- tions between population and development was very limited. It is in this regard that Ozzie Simmons's Perspectives on Development and Population Growth in the Third World will certainly have an impact.

1 Introduction.- Definitions.- Historical Context.- Notes.- 2 Perspectives on Development.- Modernization Model.- Underdevelopment and Dependency.- Modernization and Dependency: The Limitations.- Redistribution with Growth.- Basic-Needs Approach.- Concluding Observations.- Notes.- 3 Equity-Oriented Development: Problems and Prospects.- Urban Bias.- Political and Other Constraints and Structural Change.- Popular Participation and Community-Level Action.- Responses from the Third World.- Multinational Corporations and Poverty-Focused Development.- Official Development Assistance.- Concluding Observations.- Notes.- 4 Links between Development Perspectives and Population Growth.- Demographic Transition.- Modernization and Demographic Transition in the Developing World.- Equity, Poverty, and Population Growth.- Concluding Observations.- Notes.- 5 Population and Development: A Selective Overview.- Causal Analysis.- Economic and Sociological Approaches: Efforts at Convergence.- Effects of Population Growth on Development.- Sociocultural Factors and Population Growth.- Institutional Factors and Population Growth.- Concluding Observations.- Notes.- 6 Sectoral Reviews I.- Natural Resources.- Health, Nutrition, and Food.- Notes.- 7 Sectoral Reviews II.- Status and Employment of Women.- Education.- Concluding Observations.- Notes.- 8 Conclusions.- Equity and Population Growth.- Donor Assistance: Directions and Dimensions.- Tasks for Theory and Research.- Coordination of Population Policy Analysis and Development Planning.- Notes.- References.

ISBN: 9781468455168
ISBN-10: 1468455168
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 294
Published: 30th March 2012
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.44