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Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management : Balancing Environmental and Socio-economic Demands - Peter Schroder

Perspectives for Agroecosystem Management

Balancing Environmental and Socio-economic Demands

Hardcover

Published: 4th December 2007
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Sustainable agriculture is a key concept for scientists, researchers, and agricultural engineers alike.
This book focuses on the FAM- project (FAM Munich Research Network on Agroecosystems) of the 1990s as a means to assessing, forecasting, and evaluating changes in the agroecosystems that are necessary for agricultural sustainability. The management of two separate management systems: an organic and an integrated farming system are described to provide an interdisciplinary approach Changes of matter fluxes in soils, changes of trace gas fluxes from soils, precision farming in a small scale heterogen landscape, influence of management changes on flora and fauna, as well as the development of agroecosystem models, the assessment of soil variability and the changes in nutrient status are important aspects of this book.
* Contains detailed results and insight of a long-time project on agricultural sustainability
* Provides an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive understanding by scientists and researcher of soil, plants, agriculture, and environment
* Includes an international perspective

List of Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xiii
Approaching Sustainable Agriculturep. 1
Outline of the Scheyern Projectp. 3
Backgroundp. 3
Research station and project phasesp. 8
Two farming systemsp. 9
Sustainable Land Use by Organic and Integrated Farming Systemsp. 17
Organic farming system in Scheyernp. 17
Integrated farming system in Scheyernp. 28
Discussionp. 36
Management of Heterogeneous Systemsp. 41
Effects of the Management System on N-, C-, P- and K-fluxes from FAM Soilsp. 43
Introductionp. 43
Materials and methodsp. 44
Resultsp. 48
Conclusionsp. 70
Main Driving Variables and Effect of Soil Management on Climate or Ecosystem-Relevant Trace Gas Fluxes from Fields of the FAMp. 79
Production and consumption of the climate-relevant trace gases nitrous oxide and methane in soilsp. 79
Important controlling factors for N[subscript 2]O fluxes at the FAM sitesp. 80
Important controlling factors for CH[subscript 4] fluxes at the FAM sitesp. 94
Ammonia emissions from agricultural land usep. 100
Precision Farming - Adaptation of Land Use Management to Small Scale Heterogeneityp. 121
Basics and objectivep. 121
Development of methods to characterise spatial variability of soils, crops, and yieldp. 122
Development of site-specific crop production strategiesp. 166
Conclusionsp. 186
Influence of Land Use Changes on the Biotic Environmentp. 201
Effects of Land Use Changes on the Plant Species Diversity in Agricultural Ecosystemsp. 203
Introductionp. 203
Land use systems practised in the research areap. 204
Vegetation analysisp. 205
Resultsp. 206
Discussionp. 219
Conclusionsp. 228
Long-Term Effects of Reduced Tillage on the Populations of Arable Weedsp. 237
Introductionp. 237
Research area and managementp. 238
Materials and methodsp. 239
Results and discussionp. 240
Conclusionsp. 249
Dispersal Strategies: Are They Responsible for Species Success in Arable Ecosystems?p. 257
Introductionp. 257
Specific ways of dispersal in arable ecosystemsp. 258
Dispersal by human activity - a dispersal strategy or a random process?p. 264
Dispersal opportunity and species successp. 271
Cirsium arvense and Veronica triphyllos - a successful and a stagnant speciesp. 273
Conclusionsp. 275
Soil Microbial Communities and Related Functionsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
Materials and methodsp. 280
Singular environmental and anthropogenic effectsp. 281
Effect of land use and farming systemsp. 284
Precision farming: site-specific fertilisationp. 287
Mesofaunap. 293
Introductionp. 293
Occurrence and distribution of mesofaunap. 295
Indicator valuep. 300
Collembola and their influence on microbial diversityp. 301
Perspectivep. 303
Spiders (Araneae) in Arable Land: Species Community, Influence of Land Use on Diversity, and Biocontrol Significancep. 307
Introductionp. 307
The community of foliage-dwelling spiders in arable landp. 308
The influence of land use on foliage-dwelling spiders in field marginsp. 311
Biocontrol significance of spidersp. 313
Concluding remarksp. 315
Influence of the Land Use Changes on the Abiotic Environmentp. 327
Development and Application of Agro-Ecosystem Modelsp. 329
Introductionp. 329
Modular model developmentp. 330
Retrospective modelling of soil water flowp. 331
Simulation of organic matter turnover and nitrate leachingp. 333
Crop growth modellingp. 336
Assessment of nitrous oxide emissionsp. 337
Conclusionsp. 343
Assessment of Soil Landscape Variabilityp. 351
Introductionp. 351
Terrain analysisp. 352
Electromagnetic inductionp. 355
Remote sensingp. 361
Conclusionsp. 369
Changes in Nutrient Status on the Experimental Station Klostergut Scheyern from 1991 to 2001 - Statistical and Geostatistical Analysisp. 375
Introductionp. 375
Material and methodsp. 376
Resultsp. 380
Discussionp. 403
Outlookp. 407
Indexp. 413
Colour Plate Sectionp. 419
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780444519054
ISBN-10: 044451905X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 456
Published: 4th December 2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.5  x 2.41
Weight (kg): 0.97
Edition Number: 1