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Personality in Adulthood, Second Edition : A Five-Factor Theory Perspective - Paul T. Costa, Jr.

Personality in Adulthood, Second Edition

A Five-Factor Theory Perspective

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This influential work examines how enduring dispositions or traits affect the process of aging and shape each individual’s life course. From two well-known authorities in the field, the volume is grounded in a growing body of empirical evidence. Critically reviewing different theories of personality and adult development, the authors explain the logic behind the scientific assessment of personality, present a comprehensive model of trait structure, and examine patterns of trait stability and change after age 30, incorporating data from ongoing cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Written in a clear, jargon-free style, this book is an ideal text for advanced students and a timely reference for researchers and clinicians.

New to This Edition:

*Incorporates the authors’ new findings, ideas, and interpretations.

*Chapter on cross-cultural research.

*Chapter presenting a comprehensive theory of personality grounded in the five-factor model.

Industry Reviews

"This is an important updating of the first edition. The authors' emphasis on stability in personality through adulthood is now fully buttressed by their Five-Factor Theory and by new evidence, particularly recent cross-cultural and longitudinal findings. Little background in psychology or gerontology is assumed, and research methods and statistics are introduced and explained along the way. Yet the book is not only for beginners. Researchers in adult personality development will find this book to be an invaluable portal to the authors' extensive research program. McCrae and Costa are prolific and creative researchers who have been working together for more than 20 years, and there is no better introduction to and summary of their contributions to personality psychology and adult development."--Daniel J. Ozer, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside

"The first edition of Personality in Adulthood was a landmark in the presentation of the Five-Factor Model. The second edition builds on that contribution and presents the most current formulation of the theory and supportive research. Particularly noteworthy is the attention given to cross-cultural studies. Every personality psychologist will want to give careful attention to this important contribution."--Lawrence A. Pervin, PhD, Department of Psychology, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey

"This thorough update of the authors' classic work brings personality psychology into the 21st century. It reflects both how the field has stabilized and matured over the past two decades and how it is poised for many important contributions in the years to come. The volume is several books in one: a summary of the authors' Five-Factor Theory of personality, a primer on lifespan psychological development, and a textbook on personality assessment and research methods, especially methods for understanding psychological change. Besides all that, it is full of fascinating insights about the nature of aging. Extraordinarily well written, it unobtrusively provides the instruction and background that a novice would need to understand the material, while also presenting new and challenging ideas for the research professional. This book will serve as an excellent primary text for courses in lifespan development. It will also serve well as a secondary text for upper-level undergraduate- and graduate-level courses in personality and developmental psychology."--David Funder, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside

"McCrae and Costa have done an outstanding job of bringing their book up to date while rethinking and expanding their conclusions. The last dozen years have seen an explosion of relevant research, and McCrae and Costa seem to have incorporated it all. Some of their arguments and conclusions will continue to be controversial, as they themselves fully acknowledge; but even those who disagree with them in one respect or another will be grateful for this clear and full new statement. It will be a highly useful book, especially for those wishing to be informed about the current status of the Five-Factor Model of personality."--David M. Wulff, PhD, Department of Psychology, Wheaton College

Facts and Theories of Adult Developmentp. 1
The Pendulum of Opinion on Personality Stabilityp. 3
In Search of a Phenomenonp. 6
A Note on Psychotherapyp. 9
When Does Adulthood Begin?p. 10
Other Views: Theories of Changep. 11
A Trait Approach to Personalityp. 20
Perspectives on Human Naturep. 21
Basic Principles of Trait Psychologyp. 24
How Many Traits? Which Ones?p. 29
The Quest for a Unified Systemp. 32
Natural Languages and the Five-Factor Modelp. 34
Measuring Personalityp. 37
From Concepts to Datap. 37
Self-Reports and Observer Ratingsp. 40
A Questionnaire Measure: The NEO Personality Inventoryp. 45
Facets of N, E, and Op. 47
Facets of A and Cp. 50
Making Distinctionsp. 51
The Comprehensiveness of the Five-Factor Modelp. 52
The Search for Growth or Decline in Personalityp. 58
Cross-Sectional Studies of Personality Differencesp. 59
Sampling Biasp. 62
Cohort Effectsp. 64
Longitudinal Designs: Tracking Changes over Timep. 66
Stability in the 16PFp. 67
Sequential Strategies: Avoiding Practice and Time Effectsp. 70
An Integrated Approachp. 74
Recent Developmentsp. 78
Small, Slow Changesp. 78
Another Mysteryp. 80
A Different Analysisp. 80
Implications: Debunking Some Myths of Agingp. 81
Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Personality and Agingp. 84
A Universal Structurep. 86
Adult Development across Culturesp. 90
History, Culture, and Cross-Sectional Comparisonsp. 92
Some Possible Interpretationsp. 94
Cross-Cultural Evidence on Stabilityp. 96
The Course of Personality Development in the Individualp. 98
Two Different Questions: Stability and Change in Groups and in Individualsp. 98
Developmental Patterns in Individualsp. 101
Investigating the Course of Personality Traitsp. 106
Longitudinal Evidencep. 108
The Time Course of Stabilityp. 112
Stability Reconsidered: Qualifications and Rival Hypothesesp. 116
Methodological Issues in the Assessment of Stabilityp. 116
The Self-Concept and Stabilityp. 119
Accounting for Variance and Correcting for Unreliabilityp. 122
Retrospection and Self-Perceived Changep. 124
Moderators of Changep. 128
Psychological Characteristicsp. 128
Life Eventsp. 130
Physical and Mental Healthp. 131
Case Studies in Stabilityp. 133
Implications: Planning for the Futurep. 137
A Different View: Ego Psychologies and Projective Methodsp. 139
Dynamic or Ego Psychologiesp. 140
Developmental Sequencesp. 141
Dynamic Dispositionsp. 143
Contrasting Traits with Ego Processesp. 144
Conflict and Its Resolutionp. 144
Temporal Organizationp. 146
Individual Differences in Ego Processesp. 146
Traits and Metatraits?p. 148
Developmental Changes in Ego Processesp. 149
Projective Assessments of Personalityp. 151
Problems in Projective Methodsp. 153
Conscious versus Unconscious Elementsp. 155
Projective Testing and the Stability of Personalityp. 156
Inkblot Testsp. 157
TAT Studiesp. 158
Age and the Spontaneous Self-Conceptp. 161
Adult Development as Seen through the Personal Interviewp. 164
Form and Content in Psychological Interviewsp. 168
Interview-Based Theories of Adult Developmentp. 169
Levinson's Seasonsp. 170
Gould's Transformationsp. 175
In Search of the Midlife Crisisp. 178
A Five-Factor Theory of Personalityp. 184
The Birth of a Theoryp. 185
Five-Factor Theoryp. 187
Components of the Personality Systemp. 187
Postulates of FFT: How the System Worksp. 189
The Origins of Traitsp. 193
Trait Development and the FFTp. 197
Changes in Individual Differencesp. 199
Evaluating Five-Factor Theoryp. 200
The Influences of Personality on the Life Coursep. 206
What Changes?p. 207
The Objective Biographyp. 208
Characteristic Adaptationsp. 209
The Self-Conceptp. 214
Studying Life Structure and Life Coursep. 216
Psychological Adjustment across the Lifespanp. 218
Personal Projects, Social Clocks, and Psychobiographyp. 220
Marriage and Divorcep. 224
Careersp. 225
Trait Influences on the Self-Conceptp. 227
Identityp. 228
The Life Narrativep. 231
Referencesp. 237
Indexp. 261
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572308275
ISBN-10: 1572308273
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 268
Published: 20th February 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition