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Perfect Order : Recognizing Complexity in Bali - J. Stephen Lansing

Perfect Order

Recognizing Complexity in Bali

Hardcover Published: 26th March 2006
ISBN: 9780691027272
Number Of Pages: 240

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Along rivers in Bali, small groups of farmers meet regularly in water temples to manage their irrigation systems. They have done so for a thousand years. Over the centuries, water temple networks have expanded to manage the ecology of rice terraces at the scale of whole watersheds. Although each group focuses on its own problems, a global solution nonetheless emerges that optimizes irrigation flows for everyone. Did someone have to design Bali's water temple networks, or could they have emerged from a self-organizing process?

"Perfect Order"--a groundbreaking work at the nexus of conservation, complexity theory, and anthropology--describes a series of fieldwork projects triggered by this question, ranging from the archaeology of the water temples to their ecological functions and their place in Balinese cosmology. Stephen Lansing shows that the temple networks are fragile, vulnerable to the cross-currents produced by competition among male descent groups. But the feminine rites of water temples mirror the farmers' awareness that when they act in unison, small miracles of order occur regularly, as the jewel-like perfection of the rice terraces produces general prosperity. Much of this is barely visible from within the horizons of Western social theory.

The fruit of a decade of multidisciplinary research, this absorbing book shows that even as researchers probe the foundations of cooperation in the water temple networks, the very existence of the traditional farming techniques they represent is threatened by large-scale development projects.

Winner of the 2007 Julian Steward Book Award, Anthropology and Environment Section of the American Anthropological Association "[A] winning combination of hard science and interpretative ethnography."--Roy Ellen, American Anthropologist "I would recommend ... this book ... as perhaps providing an example of social and ecological self-organization which might be useful in modeling other systems, whether in the social or ecological field or even in other fields in which complex adaptive systems may be studied."--Phillip Guddemi, Cybernetics & Human Knowing

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Origins of Subaks and Water Templesp. 20
The Emergence of Cooperation on Water Mountainsp. 67
Tyrants, Sorcerers, and Democratsp. 88
Hieroglyphs of Reasonp. 122
Demigods at the Summitp. 153
Achieving Perfect Orderp. 190
Additional Publications from the Subak Research Projectsp. 213
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691027272
ISBN-10: 0691027277
Series: Princeton Studies in Complexity
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 26th March 2006
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.31  x 2.01
Weight (kg): 0.48