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Pemberton : The General Who Lost Vicksburg - Michael B. Ballard

Pemberton

The General Who Lost Vicksburg

Paperback Published: 1st July 1999
ISBN: 9781578062263
Number Of Pages: 268

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New in paperback, the first biography of the Confederate general branded as incompetent for surrendering the South's strategic river post to Grant It was the sad fate of General John C. Pemberton (1814-1881), a northerner serving in the Confederate army, to die in disgrace and humiliation. Because he surrendered Vicksburg to General Grant, many Confederates considered him a traitor. Because he lost this strategic southern port on the Mississippi, Pemberton was branded as an incompetent. In this biography, the first to examine Pemberton's life and career in full scope, Michael B. Ballard credits Pemberton for military prowess that previous Civil War scholars have denied him. Here his strength is shown to be in administration, not in the theater of combat. Ballard persuasively argues that if Pemberton's abilities had been properly used, he could have made a positive contribution to the Confederate cause. Ballard focuses upon Pemberton's theory of command in South Carolina, where his foremost conviction was the preservation of his army. Pressure from both state officials and the Confederate War Department in Richmond, however, dictated that he must hold Charleston at all costs. Submitting to his superiors, Pemberton carried this new philosophy to Mississippi for his next assignment, where his main objective was to defend Vicksburg, a city whose river defenses blocked Union commerce along the Mississippi River. Throughout the winter of 1862-63 Pemberton's forces held off Ulysses S. Grant's army, but in spring of 1863 Grant's complex diversions confused Pemberton and allowed the Union to gain a beachhead on the east bank of the river and to launch an inland campaign that trapped Confederates in Vicksburg. Remembering the lesson of Charleston, Pemberton tried to save this river city but lost both Vicksburg and his men. Ballard's slant on Pemberton's life, fair and revisionist, must be considered in future assessments, for it details fateful moments in Pemberton's career and offers new insights gained from family papers and manuscripts not previously examined. "I find the author's arguments to be convincing," says Civil War historian Herman Hattaway, "and like him, I am led to a keener appreciation of Pemberton than I ever had before."

"A well-written book and required reading for anyone interested in the Vicksburg campaign"

--Georgia Historical Quarterly

Preface
Rending the Sober Veil: Roots and Youthp. 3
A Peculiar Liking for the Life: West Pointp. 12
Heartily Tired of the Life: Love, Seminoles, Michigan, Lovep. 26
Would Not Have Missed It for the World: The Mexican Warp. 43
Parade Grounds: Florida, New Orleans, New York, the Westp. 64
The Weight of Responsibility: Going South, South Carolinap. 83
Is Anything Going On?: Vicksburg, October 1862-April 1863p. 114
Indecision, Indecision, Indecision: Vicksburg, the Final Campaignp. 141
The Saddest Fate: Siege, Surrender, New Dutiesp. 167
Not Always to the Strong: Postwar Yearsp. 188
Epilogue: In Remembrancep. 203
Notesp. 207
Bibliographical Notesp. 239
Indexp. 241
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781578062263
ISBN-10: 1578062268
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 268
Published: 1st July 1999
Publisher: University Press of Mississippi
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.81 x 15.29  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 0.41