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Peer Violence in Children's Residential Care - Christine Barter

Peer Violence in Children's Residential Care

Hardcover Published: 12th July 2004
ISBN: 9781403935595
Number Of Pages: 249

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Much concern has been expressed about the scandal of physical and sexual abuse by care workers of children living in residential homes but this is the first detailed study of the major problem of violence between children. Based on extensive interviews with young people as well as staff, children's own perspectives and experiences of violence are highlighted. There is important new information about different levels of violence between homes, the significance of gender and group hierarchies, and strategies to tackle violence.

List of Tables and Figuresp. ix
List of Vignettesp. x
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Childhood, Peer Relationships and Peer Violencep. 1
Listening to children's voicesp. 2
Perspectives on childhoodp. 3
Children, young people and violencep. 4
Residential care for childrenp. 8
Bullying and peer violence in residential settingsp. 10
Common themes on peer violencep. 21
The meaning of violencep. 22
Public/private dichotomy of violencep. 23
Gender and violencep. 23
The present study - research methodsp. 24
Summary pointsp. 27
Mapping Peer Violence in Children's Homesp. 29
Conceptualising violencep. 29
Young people's evaluation of peer violence and verbal attacksp. 30
Types and levels of violencep. 31
Physical violencep. 32
Physical non-contact violencep. 36
Sexual violencep. 37
Verbal attacks and insultsp. 39
Bullyingp. 42
Staff evaluation of peer violence and verbal attacksp. 44
Peer violence in the previous monthp. 45
Peer violence in the past yearp. 46
Physical non-contact violencep. 47
Bullyingp. 50
Sexual violencep. 51
Verbal attacks and insultsp. 54
Developing a continuum of violencep. 56
Summary pointsp. 57
Young People's Perspectives on Violencep. 59
'We have our own rules': children's cultures and the normalisation of violencep. 60
'Seven months living here, you just get used to it': the importance of contextp. 61
'Hi, I'm Ramon and I run this place': 'pecking orders' and peer group hierarchiesp. 63
'He rules the place and bullies everyone': bullying as a 'natural' and inevitable peer group dynamic?p. 65
The masculinisation of physical violencep. 67
Challenging and transgressing passive feminities: girls and physical violencep. 68
The sexualisation of female violencep. 68
'I never hit him before he hits me': violence as social justicep. 69
'Standing ground' and 'saving face': projecting, protecting and maintaining 'hard' masculinitiesp. 74
'He acts like a two-year-old': age and immaturity as catalysts for violencep. 76
Summary pointsp. 77
Staff Perspectives on Violencep. 79
'They all know their little places': hierarchical peer group dynamicsp. 80
Gender and violencep. 87
'Racist stuff just isn't allowed here': racial violencep. 93
'The youngsters just hit whilst the older lot are more subtle about it all': age and violencep. 95
'They've never been shown how to behave properly at home, so they just use violence to get through life': young people's backgrounds and understandings of violencep. 99
Summary pointsp. 102
Shared and Different Understandings of Violencep. 104
The use of vignettesp. 104
Physical attack - vignette Ap. 106
Psychological attack - vignette Bp. 113
Male on female sexual attack - vignette Cp. 122
Male on male sexual attack - vignette Dp. 130
Dominant discourses on violencep. 134
Linking meaning and experiencep. 136
Summary pointsp. 138
Institutional and Organisational Factors Associated with Violencep. 139
Policies and proceduresp. 140
Young people's assessments of policies and proceduresp. 142
Children's rightsp. 145
Young people's meetingsp. 146
Referralsp. 149
Size and structure of the buildingp. 154
Function of the children's homep. 155
Staffing levelsp. 156
Relating organisational and structural factors to the violence continnump. 157
Summary pointsp. 160
Evaluating Working Practicesp. 161
Seeking support and issues of disclosurep. 161
Evaluations of staff interventionsp. 167
Summary pointsp. 182
Responding to Violence - Methods of Interventionp. 184
Sanction-based interventionsp. 184
Physical restraintp. 187
Informal meetingsp. 189
Formal meetingsp. 190
Child protection proceduresp. 191
Proactive working practicesp. 193
Wider perspectives on reducing violencep. 199
Summary pointsp. 202
Conclusionp. 203
Summary of the researchp. 204
Young people's experience of peer violence in residential carep. 205
Violence as a structured element of the group culturep. 206
The gendered nature of violencep. 207
Seeing what really happens or what is expected?p. 207
Hierarchies and the pecking orderp. 210
Peers as both oppressors and supportsp. 211
Justification narrativesp. 213
The permeable institution and the community culturep. 214
Combating racism among young peoplep. 215
What is different about the residential setting?p. 216
Understanding the roots of violencep. 219
Tackling different levels of violencep. 220
Confronting peer violence - strategies and standardsp. 221
Using the strengths of young people's culturep. 224
Supporting residential carep. 225
Peer violence: an aspect of social relationsp. 227
Researching Violencep. 229
Analysing the Datap. 231
Definitions and conceptualisations of violence (what, how and why)p. 231
Contextualisation of violence (where and when)p. 231
Experience of violence (who)p. 231
Sample Breakdownp. 233
Young peoplep. 233
Staffp. 234
Bibliographyp. 235
Indexp. 248
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403935595
ISBN-10: 1403935599
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 249
Published: 12th July 2004
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.3 x 14.48  x 1.96
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 1