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Peer Review : A Critical Inquiry - David Shatz

Peer Review

A Critical Inquiry

Paperback Published: 28th November 2004
ISBN: 9780742514355
Number Of Pages: 249

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Peer review is the process by which submissions to journals and presses are evaluated with regard to suitability for publication. Armed with the results of numerous empirical studies, critics have leveled a variety of harsh charges against peer review such as: reviewers and editors are biased toward authors from prestigious institutions, peer review is biased toward established ideas, and it does a poor job of detecting errors and fraud. While an immense literature has sprouted on peer review in the sciences and social sciences, Peer Review is the first book-length, wide-ranging study of peer review that utilizes methods and resources of contemporary philosophy. Its six chapters cover the following topics: the tension between peer review and the liberal notion that truth emerges when ideas proliferate in the marketplace of ideas; arguments for and against blind review of submissions; the alleged conservatism of peer review; the anomalous nature of book reviewing; the status of non-peer-reviewed publications, such as invited articles or Internet publications, in tenure and promotion cases; and the future of peer review in the age of the Internet. The author has also included several key readings about peer review.

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This is a useful study especially for those philosophically minded scholars who like to consider every angle of every possible contingency. Read it and rethink peer review!--Robert Hauptman "Journal of Information Ethics "

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Peer Review and the Marketplace of Ideasp. 15
Bias and Anonymity in the Peer Review Processp. 35
Is Peer Review Inherently Conservative? Should It Be?p. 83
Peerless Review: The Strange Case of Book Reviewsp. 109
What Should Count?p. 121
Where Do We Go from Here? Peer Review in the Age of the Internetp. 139
Supplementary Essays
Ethics and Manuscript Reviewingp. 165
Why Be My Colleague's Keeper? Moral Justifications for Peer Reviewp. 179
Peer Review Practices of Psychological Journals: The Fate of Published Articles, Submitted Againp. 191
No Bias, No Merit: The Case against Blind Submissionp. 215
Fish on Blind Submissionp. 231
Reply to Skoblowp. 233
The Invisible Hand of Peer Reviewp. 235
Indexp. 243
About the Authorp. 249
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780742514355
ISBN-10: 0742514358
Series: Issues in Academic Ethics
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 249
Published: 28th November 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.81 x 15.34  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.34