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Peace Time : Cease-Fire Agreements and the Durability of Peace - Virginia Page Fortna

Peace Time

Cease-Fire Agreements and the Durability of Peace

Paperback

Published: 1st March 2004
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Why do cease-fire agreements sometimes last for years while others flounder barely long enough to be announced? How to maintain peace in the aftermath of war is arguably one of the most important questions of the post--Cold War era. And yet it is one of the least explored issues in the study of war and peace. Here, Page Fortna offers the first comprehensive analysis of why cease-fires between states succeed or fail. She develops cooperation theory to argue that mechanisms within these agreements can help maintain peace by altering the incentives for war and peace, reducing uncertainty, and helping to prevent or manage accidents that could lead to war.

To test this theory, the book first explores factors, such as decisive victory and prior history of conflict, that affect the baseline prospects for peace. It then considers whether stronger cease-fires are likely to be implemented in the hardest or the easiest cases. Next, through both quantitative and qualitative testing of the effects of cease-fire agreements, firm evidence emerges that agreements do matter. Durable peace is harder to achieve after some wars than others, but when most difficult, states usually invest more in peace building. These efforts work. Strong agreements markedly lessen the risk of further war. Mechanisms such as demilitarized zones, dispute resolution commissions, peacekeeping, and external guarantees can help maintain peace between even the deadliest of foes.

"Peace Time deserves a prominent place in [the] new scholarship on war. The book is an outstanding example of creativity, scholarly attention to a normatively important question, hard-headed integrity as well as of the creative employment of multiple methods... Fortna has produced an important book."--H.E. Goemans, Japanese Journal of Political Science

List of Figures and Mapsp. ix
List of Tablesp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
A Theory of Agreements and the Durability of Peacep. 10
Investigating the Durability of Peacep. 39
The Baseline Prospects for Peacep. 76
Agreements: Epiphenomenal or Functional?p. 114
Agreements and the Durability of Peacep. 151
Peace Mechanisms: What Works and What Doesn't?p. 173
Conclusionp. 211
Cease-Fires and the Resumption of Warp. 217
Cease-Fires Data Setp. 219
Referencesp. 223
Indexp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691115122
ISBN-10: 0691115125
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 264
Published: 1st March 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.22 x 15.39  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.37