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Peace and War : Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648-1989 - Kalevi J. Holsti

Peace and War

Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648-1989

Paperback

Published: 1st July 1991
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In this book, Professor Holsti approaches the study of the origins of war and the foundations of peace from a new perspective. He asks three interrelated questions. Which issues generate conflict? How have attitudes toward war changed? And, what attempts have been made historically to create international institutions and orders that can manage, control or prevent international conflicts? Starting with the peace treaties of Munster and Osnabruck of 1648, Kalevi Holsti examines 177 international wars. Through these, he identifies the variety of conflict-producing issues and how they, as well as the attitudes of policy makers to the use of force, have changed over the past 350 years. He demonstrates how the new orders established by the great peace-making efforts of 1648, 1713, 1815, 1919 and 1945 attempted to solve the issues of the past, yet few successfully anticipated those of the future. Indeed, some created the basis of new conflicts.

'... this book is an important contribution that will be useful to both students and colleagues. It is clearly organized and eminently readable. The scale of it forces one to think across a broad sweep of history, and to consider some key-scale trends.' International Affairs

List of figuresp. xii
List of tablesp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
On the Study of Warp. 1
Explanatory configurationsp. 3
The promises and pitfalls of ecological variablesp. 6
The meanings of warp. 9
What men fight about: issues and international conflictp. 12
A map of a mapp. 16
Defining issuesp. 17
Data sources: geographical and temporal domainsp. 20
Attitudes toward warp. 21
Issues, war, and peace: creating international ordersp. 21
Munster and Osnabruck, 1648: Peace by Piecesp. 25
The Thirty Years Warp. 26
Planning for peacep. 29
Negotiations at Munster and Osnabruckp. 32
Outcomesp. 34
A new order for Europe?p. 37
War and Peace in the Era of the Heroic Warriors, 1648-1713p. 43
Issues that generated warsp. 46
Attitudes to warp. 63
Act Two of the Hegemony Drama: The Utrecht Settlementsp. 71
The British "Plan"p. 73
Outcomesp. 76
Analysisp. 79
The Lethal Minuet: War and Peace Among the Princes of Christendom, 1715-1814p. 83
Issues that generated warsp. 87
War in the post-Utrecht international systemp. 102
The meaning of warp. 105
The problem of peacep. 111
Peace Through Equilibrium: the Settlements of 1814-1815p. 114
Diagnosesp. 116
Solutionsp. 119
Forging the settlementp. 127
Allied unity unraveled: defining threats to peacep. 130
Assessmentp. 132
Conflict and Consent, 1815-1914p. 138
War and intervention in Concert Europep. 139
New war-generating issuesp. 145
Old and declining issuesp. 150
The character of war preparationp. 156
The meaning of warp. 158
The problem of peacep. 164
Nation-state creation and system breakdownp. 169
1919: Peace Through Democracy and Convenantp. 175
Woodrow Wilson: the moral-political universep. 181
Replacing the old with the new: the moral and political foundations of enduring peacep. 184
The political foundations of the new international order: democracy, covenants, and arms controlp. 185
Peace through a preponderance of power: Clemenceaup. 189
Peace through conflict resolution mechanisms: the British contributionp. 194
Paris 1919: the importance of preliminaries and proceduresp. 196
The drama of the League of Nations Commissionp. 199
The German settlementp. 205
Evaluationp. 208
War Ah Thk Aptrrmath of Prace: International Confl.ICT, 1918-1941p. 213
Issues that generated wars, 1918-1941p. 217
Attitudes toward warp. 228
Peace by Policingp. 243
Wilson revisited and revised: the United Statesp. 245
Balance of power: Great Britain and the postwar orderp. 251
Security through expansion: Stalin and the postwar orderp. 254
Changing American conceptions of international securityp. 264
Dealing with issues: past and future in international organizationp. 267
The Diversification of Warfare: Issues and Attitudes in the Contemporary International Systemp. 271
The issuesp. 284
Attitudes toward warp. 285
War: Issues, Attitudes, and Explanationsp. 306
Territoryp. 307
Nation-state creation and warp. 311
Ideology and warp. 311
Economics and warp. 314
Human sympathy: ethnicity, religion, and warp. 317
Predation and survivalp. 318
Remaining issuesp. 319
Issues of the futurep. 324
Attitudes and warp. 325
Issues, war, and international theoryp. 328
The Peacemakers: Issues and International Orderp. 335
The prerequisites for peacep. 336
Peacemaking and international order: a comparisonp. 340
The peacemakers: theories of peacep. 348
Referencesp. 354
Additional data sourcesp. 368
Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521399296
ISBN-10: 0521399297
Series: Cambridge Studies in International Relations
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 1st July 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.54