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Patterns of Symmetry Breaking : NATO Science Series II - Henryk Arodz

Patterns of Symmetry Breaking

NATO Science Series II

By: Henryk Arodz (Editor), Jacek Dziarmaga (Editor), Wojciech Hubert Zurek (Editor)


Published: 30th November 2003
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The conceptofspontaneous symmetry breaking plays a fundamental role in contemporary physics. It is essential for the description of degenerate ground states, massless modes, and topological defects. Examples are abundant in condensed matter physics, atomic and particle physics, as well as in astro- physics and cosmology. In fact, spontaneous symmetry breaking can be re- garded as a cornerstone ofa whole branch ofphysics which intersects the above mentioned traditionally distinct fields. In the year 2000 the European Science Foundation (ESF) started the Pro- gramme "Cosmology in the Laboratory" (COSLAB), with the goal to search for and to develop analogies betweencondensed matterphysics, particle physics, and cosmology. Not surprisingly, spontaneous symmetry breaking is among the most useful notions in that endeavour. It has been decided that in the sec- ond year of the Programme a School should be held in order to work out and deliver to a wide audience of students synthetic overviews of achievements and of current research topics of COSLAB. This idea has been supported by the Scientific and Environmental Affairs Division of NATO by including the School in the renowned series of its Advanced Study Institutes. The School, entitled" Patterns of Symmetry Breaking", was held in Cracow during 16-28 September 2002. It gathered 17 lecturers and about 60 students. The present volume contains notes ofmost of the lectures from that School. We hope that of the physics of spon- it will convey to the reader the breadth and the beauty taneous symmetry breaking.

Symmetry Breaking and Defects
Liquid 4He and Its Superfluidity
The Role of Topological Defects in Cosmology
Cosmic Defects and Particle Physics Constraints
Introduction to the Modern Theory of Phase Transitions
Defects in Liquid Crystals: Surface and Interfacial Anchoring Effects
Scaling Laws for Fluxon Formation in Annular Josephson Tunnel Junctions
Nonholonomic Field Theory of Vortices and Defect and their Phase Transitions
Vortices and Flat Directions: the Uses of Bogomolnyi Bounds
Evolution of Local Vortices and Interfaces
Non-Equilibrium Mott Transition in a Lattice of Bose-Einstein Condensates
Spontaneous Breakdown of Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Domain Wall Solutions
Phenomenology of Effective Gravity
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402017452
ISBN-10: 1402017456
Series: NATO Science Series II
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 404
Published: 30th November 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.0  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 1.28